AR Coinage
AR is the symbol for silver. While electrum and gold coinage was first, silver quickly became the more practical option. And for centuries, this noble metal reigned supreme. And while bronze may later have become the more practical option - it was easy to lose the tiny denominations of earlier days - silver remained the basis for most currencies throughout the ancient world, most famously with the denarius-system. In fact, it wasn't until the discovery of the New World and its abundant silver mines that silver began to be gradually replaced with other metals.
AR
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 81 BC in Rome
Obverse: Veiled head of Hispania right, HISPAN downward in left field.

Reverse: Togate figure standing left, raising hand, between aquila and fasces. A – POST•A•F – •S•N – ALBIN across fields and in exergue.

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 10 H
Weight: 4.13 g
"This is one of the Republican types where a moneyer celebrated the achievements of a famous ancestor. According to Crawford, the reverse "Combining a togate figure on one hand with an eagle and the fasces on the other hand, perhaps simply alludes to civilian and military imperium; taken with the obverse type the reference is doubtless to the Spanish command of L. Postumius Albinus"(Crawford, RRC p. 389). The L. Postumius Albinus referenced was an ancestor of this moneyer who was praetor in 180 BC and given the province of Hispania Ulterior after conquering the Vaccaei and Lusitani, and the levying of troops for this campaign. The reverse of the coin probably depicts several key moments in Roman history. Most likely, it commemorates the raising of troops for the Spanish campaign, but may be related to the efforts of Lucius Postumius Albinus that led to Masinissa and Carthaginian victories. It may also commemorate the Roman expedition against Perseus in the Macedonian war. This denarius inspired the denarius of Hostilius Saserna, struck in 48 BC, publicizing Roman intervention in Gaul"

Provenance: CNG 106 (13 September 2017), lot 651. Ex Deyo Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), lot 1334. Stack’s (9 December 1992), lot 3177.
Crawford 372/2
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 81 BC in Sardinia
Obverse: draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder, bucranium above

Reverse: togate figure standing left before flaming altar, holding sprinkler over sacrificial bull, all on stone platform, A·POST ·A·F S·N·(AL)BIN

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.7 g

According story described by Livy: in Sabina a cattle of admirable size and beauty was born. Animal was sacrificed and his skull (bucranium) was placed in temple of Diana where it commemorate this wonder. The event was considered to be a prophetic sign that town whose citizen sacrifice the animal will rule. Before battle at Regillius Lake Roman citizen (Postumius' ancestor) took the cattle and sacrificed it in the temple of Diana on Aventine.

Crawford 372/1, SRCV I 296, Sydenham 745, RSC I Postumia 7
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 81 BC in Sardinia
Obverse: veiled head of Hispania right, HISPAN

Reverse: togate figure standing left, extending hand toward legionary eagle right; fasces with axe right A· / (AL)BIN / N·S· / POST·A·F

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.8 g

Refers to the praetorship of L. Postumius Albinus over Spain and his successful expeditions against the Vaccaei and Lusitani, and the levying of troops for this campaign.

Crawford 372/2, Sydenham 746, RSC I Postumia 8, BMCRR I Rome 2839, SRCV I 297
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An AR Denarius struck 92 (96)BC in Rome
Obverse: diademed and draped head of Diana right, wearing earring and necklace, bow and quiver over shoulder; ROMA

Reverse: 3 horsmen galloping left (A. Postumius Albus Regillensis); fallen enemy and two standards in front of them; A·(AL)BINVS·S·F

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 335/9, SRCV I 218, Sydenham 613a, RSC I Postumia 4a
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An AR Denarius struck 142 (139)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X

Reverse: Luna in biga right holding goad and reins A·SP(VR)I ROMA

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
moneyer's name also could be Spurius or Spurinna
SRCV I 107, Crawford 230/1, Sydenham 448, RSC I Spurilia 1
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 50-65 AD in Taxila
Obverse: King on horseback right, letter before; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥ??AV?ΝΔΙΦEΡΟΑΔΕΛΦΙΔΕШC

Reverse: Zeus with scepter right Gadapharabhradaputrasa maharajasa tradatasa Avadagasasa

Diameter: 23.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 9.08 g
No notes for this coin
Senior 227.18
(7) Abdera
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An AR Hemiobol struck 475-448 BC in Abdera
Obverse: forepart of gryffin left

Reverse: scallop shell within insuce square

Diameter: 6 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.2 g
No notes for this coin
May 198-9; SNG Copenhagen 319
(8) Abdera
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An AR Obol struck 473-448 BC in Abdera
Obverse: seated griffin left rising leg

Reverse: quadripartite incuse square

Diameter: 9 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.6 g
No notes for this coin
May 191; SNG Cop. 312 ff.
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An AR Obol struck 480-450 BC in Abydos (Troas)
Obverse: eagle left, star above; ABY

Reverse: facing head of Medusa within incuse square

Diameter: 8 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.55 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Copenhagen 5; BMC 4-5
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An AR Hemidrachm struck c. 86 BC in Dyme
Obverse: head of laureate Zeus right

Reverse: fish under (AX) monogram all within wreath; (APT) left / ΔY up

Diameter: 15.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.2 g
ex Forum Ancient Coins
Clerk 55; BCD Peloponnesos 482
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An AR Hemidrachm struck 160-146 BC in Megalopolis
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right

Reverse: (AX) monogram, thunderbolt below, all within wreath; ΞB / K_A / M

Diameter: 15.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.4 g
No notes for this coin
Benner 17; BCD Peloponnesos 1551.1; HGC 5, 953
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An AR Hemidrachm struck c. 188-180 BC in Mantineia
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right

Reverse: (AX) monogram within wreath; A_N / CΩ

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.4 g
Mantinea as Antigoneia
Benner 5; BCD Peloponnesos 1492.2; HGC 5, 926
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An AR Hemidrachm struck c. 175-168 BC in Megara
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus Amarios right

Reverse: lyre above (AX) monogram, all within wreath; ΔΩ_PO

Diameter: 14.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.3 g
No notes for this coin
BCD Peloponessos 27.1; McClean 6431-2, Benner S. 78, 4; HGC 4, 1805
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An AR Hemidrachm struck 100-80 BC in Pallantion
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right

Reverse: (AX) monogram, trident below, all within wreath; A / Π_Λ / (YE)

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2 g
No notes for this coin
BCD Peloponnesos 1593.2; Benner 4; HGC 5, 969
(15) Achaemenid Empire
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An AR Siglos struck 455-420? BC in Sardis
Obverse: hero or king holding bow and dagger right

Reverse: incuse square; crescent countermark

Diameter: 15 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.15 g
times of Artaxerxes I and Dareios II
Carradice type IV (early) A
(16) Achaemenid Empire
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An AR Siglos struck 510/505-486 BC in Sardis
Obverse: Great King right bearded and crowned kneeling-running, drawing bow, quiver at shoulder

Reverse: incuse square

Diameter: 14.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.3 g
No notes for this coin
Carradice type II: Carradice plate XI, 11 - 13; BMC Arabia p. 173, 185 ff.; SGCV II 3428; Klein 754; Noe Sigloi pl. XIII, 215 ff.; Carradice NC 1998 pl. 3, 58 ff; Asyut Hoard 714; Winzer 1.6; Sunrise 21. Common. 73935
(17) Addirmilk | Aynel
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An AR 1/16 Shekel struck c. 348-332 BC in Byblos
Obverse: Galley with two soldiers left, below hippocamp left

Reverse: Lion bringing down a bull left; 'Ayin yodh nun 'aleph lamedh mem lamedh kaph gimel beth lamedh

Diameter: 9 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.6 g
No notes for this coin
Betlyon 21; SNG Copenhagen 134
(18) Aedui
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An AR Quinarius struck an unknown year in Lugdunensis
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.9 g
Ex Harlan J. Berk
No references provided for this coin
(19) Aegina
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An AR Stater struck c. 510-485 BC in Aegina
Obverse: turtle, row of dots on the back

Reverse: incuse square ( “Union Jack” pattern)

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12 g
No notes for this coin
Milbank 3; BMC Attica, p. 126, 3; SNG Cop 502
(20) Aegina
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An AR Stater struck c. 450 BC in Aegina
Obverse: Land tortoise

Reverse: Square incuse with skew pattern.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 11.7 g
Aigina, an island-state situated halfway between Attica and Argolis, was the first place in Europe to issue coinage, following the lead of Lydia in Asia Minor. The tortoise and turtle were symbols for Aigina, in much the same way the owl represented Athens.
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Denarius struck 137 AD in Rome
Obverse: L AELIVS CAESAR, Bare head of Aelius facing right

Reverse: TR POT COS II, Concordia seated facing left, holding patera and resting arm on cornucopia; CONCORD in exergue

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.86 g
Aelius as "Caesar" under Hadrian as Augustus
RIC II Hadrian 436
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An AR Denarius struck 137 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: L AELIVS CAESAR - Bare head right.

Reverse: TR POT COS II - Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.

Diameter: 17.6 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.63 g
No notes for this coin
RIC II 430.
(23) Aemilian
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An AR Antoninianus struck AD 253 in Rome
Obverse: IMP CAES AEMILIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PACI AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre, with legs crossed, leaning on column

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.79 g
This is the only example of this rarer group II issue on CoinArchives.
RIC 19
(24) Aesiallas Quaestor
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 90-75 BC in Thessalonica
Obverse: diademed head of Alexander III right, Horn of Ammon; MAKEΔONΩN, Θ

Reverse: club, money-chest (cista) left, quaestor's chair (sella curulis) right, all within laurel wreath; AESILLAS, Q

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 15.6 g
Aesiallas Quaestor
AMNG III 217. SNG Cop. 1330
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An AR Short-cross penny struck 978 - 1016 AD in Winchester
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(26) Akragas
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An AR Quarter-Shekel struck ~ 211-210 BCE in Akragas
Obverse: Head of Triptolemos to the right

Reverse: Horse gallopping right, ḤT underneath

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 1.11 g

This coin was struck during the 2nd Punic War.

No references provided for this coin
(27) Akragas
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An AR Didrachm struck 480-470 BC in Akragas
Obverse: sea eagle; AK / AЯ

Reverse: crab

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.6 g
ex Dr. Ernst von Ferrari-Kellerhof
Jenkins, Gela, Group IV; SNG ANS 954-5.
(28) Akragas
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An AR Didrachm struck 510-472 BC in Akragas
Obverse: Crab

Reverse: Eagle, with closed wings, standing right; AK behind, RA before

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.4 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 709 A
(29) al-Mahdi
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An AR Dirham struck 780 AD in Madinat-al-Salam
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة جى سنة اثنين و ستين و مئة Center: لا الاه الا الله وحده لا شريك له

Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم الخليفة المهدى يحيى

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 2 H
Weight: 3 g
No notes for this coin
A.215.1
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An AR Dirham struck 772 AD in Madinat-al-Salam
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة السلام سنة خمس و خمسين و مئة Central: لا اله الا الله وحده لا شرك له ¨

Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله بخ بخ

Diameter: 25.4 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.83 g
Translation of obverse:

Margin: "In The Name of God. This dirham was struck in Madinat al-Salam in the year five and fifty and one hundred (155)"

Center: There is no diety except |
(the one) God alone |
He has no equal

Translation of reverse:

Margin: Muhammad is the messenger of God. He sent him with guidance and the true religion to reveal it to all religions even if the polytheists abhor it.

Center: Muhammad
The Messanger
Of God
(Bakh Bakh)
Album 213.1.
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An AR Dirham struck 765-766 AD in Madinat-al-Salam
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة السلام سنة ثمان و أربعين و مئة Center: لا اله الا الله وحده لا شريك له

Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله بخ

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 3 H
Weight: 2.85 g

Year 148 AH=765-766 AD

Translations:

Obverse margin: "In The Name of God. This dirham was struck in Madinat-al-Salam in the year eight and forty and one hundred"

Obverse center: "There is no deity except (the one) God, he has no equal"

Reverse margin: "Muhammad is the messenger of God. He sent him with guidance and the true religion to reveal it to all religions even if the polytheists abhor it."

Reverse center: "Muhammad The Messenger Of God (Bakh)"

Album 213.1; Lavoix 660
(32) al-Nasir Salah al-Din Yusuf
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An AR Dirham struck 1187 AD in Damascus
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: 21.1 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.9 g
No notes for this coin
ANS Hoard #12, Alex Malloy 1972, Album 787.1(2?)
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An AR Dirham struck 714-715 AD in Wasit
Obverse: Margin:بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بواسط سنة ست و تسعين Center: لا الاه الا الله وحده لا شريك له

Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: الله احد الله الصمد لم يلد و لم يولد و لم يكن له كفؤا أحد

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 2.76 g
96 AH=714-715 AD

Translations:

Obverse Margin: "In the name of God. This Dirham was struck in Wasit in the year ninety six"
Center: "There is no deity except | (the one) God alone |He has no equal"

Reverse Margin: "Muhammad is the messenger of God. He sent him with guidance and the true religion to reveal it to all religions even if the polytheists abhor it."
Center: "God is One God | The eternal and indivisible, who has not begotten, and | has not been begotten and never is there | His equal"
Album 128; Lavoix 354
(34) Alabanda | Alexander III
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 169-168 BC in Alabanda
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle, Pegasos left; AΛEΞANΔPOY, E

Diameter: 30 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.6 g
No notes for this coin
Price 2464
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 148-147 BC in Tyre
Obverse: Diademed and draped bust right

Reverse: Eagle standing left on prow left, with palm branch over shoulder; to left, club surmounted by (TYP) monogram; to right, EΞP (date) above (ΓHP) monogram; AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 13.1 g
Seleucid era year 165 = 20th September 148 BC - 8th September 147 BC http://numismatics.org/sco/id/sc.1.1835
SC II 1835.5b; Newell, Tyre 75
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 151-146 BC in Antioch
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Zeus Nikephoros seated to left, holding sceptre; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY to right, ΘEOΠATOPOΣ EYEPΓETOY to left, monogram in exergue

Diameter: 30 mm
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 16.8 g

Ex Roma Numismatics Auction XXI (Day 1); Lot 303. Ex Leu Numismatik Auction 7; Lot 1366 and Auction 2; Lot 155

SC 1781q; HGC 9, 875a
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 147/6 BC in Sidon
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY, eagle with closed wings standing left, palm frond behind; ςΞP in left field, ΣΙΔΩ above aphlaston in right field

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 14.21 g

Ex Roma Numismatics Auction XXI (Day 1); Lot 304. Ex Kleinkunst Collection (Leu Numismatik Auction 6; Lot 276). Ex Dr. Busso Peus Nachfolger Auction 328 (2-4 May 1990); Lot 258.

SC 1830.5; HGC 9, 882
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 325-323 BC in Arados
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles facing right, wearing lionskin headdress tied at neck

Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on throne, facing left, eagle in right hand, scepter in left, legs uncrossed; AP monogram in left field

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 16.26 g
Macedonian Kingdom

The reverse inscription translates to: "of Alexander"

Price attributes this to the mint at Byblos and a time frame of 330-320 BC

Every CNG auction of this coin that I have found going back 10 years attributes the mint to Arados and the time frame to 325-323 BC making it a de facto lifetime issue, and says these were minted under authority of Menes who was Alexander's General and bodyguard. I assume this new info is attributed to a paper by Catharine Lorber but am not sure.
Price 3424 (Byblos)
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An AR Drachm struck 250-200 BC ? in Chalcedon
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin right countermark: Kalchedon ? - head of Demeter ?, bee below, (KA) right

Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: 16 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
No notes for this coin
zum Gegenstempel vgl. Price, Alexander, S. 69
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An AR Drachm struck c. 290-275 BC in Chios
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter; grape bunch AΛEΞANΔPOY (ΠYPΦ)

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.3 g
No notes for this coin
Price 2322; HGC 6, 1134
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An AR Obol struck 325-300? BC in an unknown location
Obverse: Head of young Herakles right, wearing lion's skin

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: 9.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.6 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Drachm struck 323-319 BC in Miletos
Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress

Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and sceptre, monogram on left / AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.3 g
Struck under Philip III
Price 2121, Müller 847
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 336-323 BC in Salamis (Cyprus)
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin

Reverse: Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter, bow to left

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.9 g
No notes for this coin
Price 3139
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An AR Diobol struck 336-323 AD in Amphipolis
Obverse: Alexander III

Reverse: Zeus seated Left

Diameter: 13.1 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.9 g
Possible fake coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Drachm struck 336-323 BC in an unknown location
Obverse: Head of beardless Heracles right wearing lion skin headdress

Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus seated on stool-throne left, eagle on outstretched right hand, sceptre in left hand

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.21 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 324-323 BC in Babylon
Obverse: head of young Herakles right wearing lion's skin

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle; kerykeion in left field; AΛEΞANΔPOY (HΦΛ) / M

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.5 g
under Stamenes or Archon After Mazaeus died in 328 B.C., Alexander appointed Stamenes as satrap of Babylon. Little is known about him, other than he probably died of natural causes around 323 B.C. when Archon of Pella replaced him. Perdiccas suspected Archon of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. Archon was defeated and died from battle wounds."
Price 3627
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 330-323 in Damascus
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔPOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, forepart of ram right; below throne, pellet between struts, ΔA below.

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.08 g
Lifetime issue struck under Menon or Menes, circa 330-323 BC. Die shift and graffito on reverse.
Price 3203
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 325 - 324/3 BC in Myriandros
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, monogram; (MI) AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.1 g
struck by Menes or Philotas
Price 3231; Newell, Myriandros 29, obv. die XV (unlisted for issue)
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 202-201 B.C. in Aspendos
Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress, Seleukid Anchor cmk on head.

Reverse: AΛEXANΔΡOY / AΣ-IA - Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, holding eagle and sceptre. AΣ over IA in left field.

Diameter: 33 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 16.1 g
Posthumous Issue.
Price 2891; Mueller 1205; Mektepini hoard 560-563.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 202-201 B.C. in Aspendos
Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress.

Reverse: AΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ - Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre. Oval countermark of Seleukid anchor in right field. AΣ over K-cornucopiae-archaic X in left field.

Diameter: 30 mm
Die Orientation: 10 H
Weight: 15.67 g
Posthumous Issue. Added onto the Wildwinds site.
Price 2909; Tell Kotchek hoard 599-601; Prokesch-Osten 257.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 201 B.C. in Nisyros | Caria
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEXANΔΡOY - Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre. N in left field. Seleukid anchor countermark in right field.

Diameter: 32 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 15.6 g

Posthumous Issue. Added onto the Wildwinds site.

Price 2507; Gaziantep hoard 1363; Mektepini hoard 421. Rare.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 310-309 B.C. in Ake
Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress.

Reverse: AΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ - Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned to left, holding sceptre; AΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right. Date in Phoenician script under left arm.

Diameter: 25.6 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 17.15 g
Posthumous Issue.
Price 3292.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 325-323 B.C. in Babylon
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔΡOY - Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre, legs uncrossed, caduceus and M in left field, IΦΛI monogram beneath chair.

Diameter: 26.9 mm
Die Orientation: 9 H
Weight: 16.98 g

Lifetime Issue.

Price 3602.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 215-200 B.C. in Mytilene
Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔΡOY / ΠΑTR - Zeus seated left on throne, holding sceptre and eagle; in left field, monogram ΠΑTR above lyre.

Diameter: 32.3 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 15.73 g

Posthumous Issue

Price 1702; Müller 975; Mektepini hoard 244-246; Latakia hoard 47.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 210-190 B.C. in Chios
Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔΡOY - Zeus seated left, holding an eagle and a sceptre. ΩHME (Ω sideways) monogram above sphinx in left field.

Diameter: 30.8 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 16.4 g
Posthumous Issue.
Price 2388; Mektepini hoard 311.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 317-311 B.C. in Babylon
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin.

Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MHP / H - Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; MHP monogram in wreath in left field, H below throne, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ below.

Diameter: 28.2 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 16.93 g

Posthumous Issue.

Price 3704; Müller 714.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 323-317 B.C. in Babylon
Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔΡOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ / M / ΛY - AΛEΞANΔΡOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ to right and beneath Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; M in left field, ΛY beneath chair above the strut.

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 17.03 g

Posthumous Issue.

Price 3692a; Mueller 1272.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 336-323 B.C. in Tarsos
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔPOY - Zeus Aëtophoros seated to left, holding sceptre; AΛEΞANΔPOY to right, plough in left field.

Diameter: 26.4 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 16.86 g
Lifetime Issue.
Price 3016; Mueller 1280 corr.; Demanhur 2196-2227; Newell, Reattribution 101; Newell Tarsos 25.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 313-312 B.C in Ake
Obverse: Head of young Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔΡOY - Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and sceptre, Phoenician date under left under arm.

Diameter: 27.8 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 16.88 g
Posthumous Issue.
Price 3287; Newell 38.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 189-180 B.C. in Alexandria Troas
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress, anchor countermark on head.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔPOY - Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, holding eagle and sceptre. IHAΡ monogram in upper left field, IΛT monogram in left field, horse grazing left below.

Diameter: 30.07 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 15.9 g
Posthumous Issue. Added onto the Wildwinds site.
Not in Price etc. with these monograms. Price 1598 var. Very Rare.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 188-170 B.C. in Temnos
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔΡOY / ΠA E - Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; oenochoe beneath grape vine in left field. ΠA Ε monogram In left field under the arm of Zeus.

Diameter: 38 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 15.48 g
Posthumous Issue.
Price 1676; Mueller 956.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 336-323 B.C. in Myrina
Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔROY / MYP - Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, holding sceptre; AΛEΞANΔROY to right, MYP monogram above amphora in left field.

Diameter: 35 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 15.84 g

Posthumous Issue.

Price 1659.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 325-323 B.C. in Myriandros
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress.

Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY / BAI / MYI - Zeus seated left, holding eagle, BAI monogram in left field, MYI monogram beneath chair.

Diameter: 27.5 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 16.8 g

Lifetime Issue.

Price 3228; SNG München 720-722.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 213-212 B.C. in Phaselis
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress, Seleukid anchor countermark on the head.

Reverse: AΛEXANΔΡOY / Θ-Φ / O - o right of Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre. Θ over Φ in left field, O beneath throne.

Diameter: 31.9 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 15.59 g
Dated Local year 9, 213-212 BC (Price: 210-209 B.C.). Added onto the Wildwinds Site.
Price 2845; Prokesch-Osten 53.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 205-204 B.C. in Phaselis
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress. Seleukid anchor countermark on the head.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔΡOY - Zeus seated left, holding eagle in right hand and sceptre in left, Φ above IΔ (date) in left field.

Diameter: 31.9 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 15.82 g
Posthumous Issue. Added onto the Wildwinds site.
Price 2855.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 196-195 B.C. in Phaselis
Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress. Seleukid anchor cmk on the head.

Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / KΓ - Φ - Zeus Aëtophoros seated to left on throne, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right; KΓ (date) in left field, Φ below throne.

Diameter: 31.7 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 16.18 g
Posthumous Issue. Added onto the Wildwinds site.
Price 2866; Propontis hoard 81; Babylon hoard 44; Prokesch-Osten I, 54.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 218-217 B.C. in Phaselis
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress, Seleukid anchor countermark on the head.

Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / A - Φ - Zeus seated left on low-backed throne, right leg drawn back, holding long sceptre in his left hand and, in his right, eagle standing right with closed wings, A in left field, Φ under throne.

Diameter: 32.3 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 15.88 g
No notes for this coin
Price 2831A; cf. Heipp-Tamer 64-7.
(68) Alexander III | Antigones I
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 315-311 BC in Babylon
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter monogram in wreath: (HYP); monogram under throne: (XA) AΛEΞANΔPOY / BAΣIΛEΩΣ

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.2 g
Antigonos I Monophtalamos in the name of Alexander III, struck by Peithon
Price 3723
(69) Alexander III | Antigones I
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An AR Drachm struck c. 310-301 BC in Lampsakos
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lion's skin right

Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, forepart of pegasus left in the left field; AΛEΞANΔPOY / (NO)

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.1 g
No notes for this coin
Price 1382; Müller 612
(70) Alexander III | Antipater
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 325-323/322 BC in Amphipolis
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle; cock left AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: 25.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.3 g
struck under Antipater
Price 79; Troxell, Studies, Issue E3
(71) Alexander III | Antipater
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 323-317 B.C. in Amphipolis
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔPOY-BAΣIΛEΩΣ - Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on backless throne, left leg drawn back, feet on ground line, eagle in right hand, scepter in left; cornucopia in left field.

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 16.89 g
No notes for this coin
Price 108; Troxell, Macedon, Group G, 57; Müller 369.
(72) Alexander III | Balakros
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 327-323 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, plow left; AΛEΞANΔPOY, · / Θ

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.9 g
struck under Balakros
Price 3019; vgl. SNG Oxford 2891; SNG München 10/11, 697
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 317-314 BC in Pella
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter boeotian shield left; snake under the throne, AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: 26.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.19 g
struck by Kassander in the name of Alexander III ex CNG
Price 249; SNG Copenhagen 728. Muller 754
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An AR Drachm struck 322-319 BC in Kolophon
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lion's skin right

Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, barleycorn under throne, spear-spike right AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: 16.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.86 g
Philip III in the name of Alexander III
Price 1751
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 328-320 B.C. in Arados
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin headdress.

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔΡOY - BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AP - Zeus seated left, holding eagle on extended arm, legs uncrossed, long caduceus in left field, AP city monogram beneath chair.

Diameter: 26.8 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 17.04 g
No notes for this coin
Price 3332.
(76) Ambracia
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An AR Stater struck 426-404 BC in Ambracia
Obverse: Pegasus

Reverse: Head of Athena, strigel behind, A before. Die flaw before Athena's face

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.06 g
No notes for this coin
Calciati-35
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An AR Quinarius struck 50-100 AD in Raydan
Obverse: Male head right, serpent torc around

Reverse: 'MDNIBYNI around, RYDN in exergue, small head right; sceptre symbol before

Diameter: 14.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.2 g
No notes for this coin
Munro-Hay 3.2ai; SNG ANS 1575
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An AR unit struck 100-120 AD in Raydan
Obverse: Male head right; monogram to left.

Reverse: Small head right; ‘sceptre’ to right.

Diameter: 11 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.93 g
No notes for this coin
SNG ANS 1602-9.
(79) Amisos
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An AR Siglos struck c. 400-360 BC in Amisos
Obverse: turreted head of Hera-Tyche left wearing stephanos ornamented with palmettes and annulets, triple-drop earrings and pearl necklace

Reverse: owl standing facing on shield, grain ear left; AΦ_PO/ ΠEIPA

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.7 g
Aphro... magistrate
SNG BM Black Sea 1059, SNG Stancomb 660, SNG Cop 122, Rec Gén 27, McClean 7351, HGC 7 229
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An AR Denarius struck 157-156 BC in Rome
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: Victory, holding goad, driving biga right; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 3.75 g
Provenance: Bertolami Fine Arts, E-Live Auction 49 (12 November 2017), lot 628.
Crawford 197/1a
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An AR Denarius struck 210-209 BC in Apulia
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 3 H
Weight: 3.86 g
From Brinkman-Debernardi group RRC 53 Rearing Horses Group 1 where they state:

“This variety is believed to be one of the earliest issues of 53/2 based on its consistent presence (though in small numbers) in early hoards where contents included 53/2 examples. It is nearly always found with a loop under the visor, believed to be an attribute of Sicilian origin. There are no symboled siblings for this group.”

Obverse: There is usually a small loop under the visor in front of the forehead. The loop is often discretely represented as a small lump, other times it is clearly a loop.Tufts at the back of the helmet are very small and close together.

Reverse: More so than any other variety in this issue, the horses appear to be rearing up, rather than galloping forward, particularly the far horse, with forelegs farther above the exergue than on other varieties. The legend ROMA is in a trapezoidal frame. Cape style is Flag-like or Waving. There is nearly always a pointed horse's tail visible between the legs. The horses and riders appear rather small and distant, compared to other varieties.

Exceptions: There are rare examples that are clearly of this style but with horses that are galloping broadly forward rather than rearing up."

Provenance: CNG Electronic auction 408 (25 October 2017), lot 368, from the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Vecchi 13 (4 September 1998), lot 631.
Crawford 53/2 (Brinkman Group 1)
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An AR Siliqua struck 530-580 in Constantinopolis?
Obverse: Helmeted, draped, cuirassed bust right,

Reverse: K

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.2 g
Anonymous Issue. Ex Cng coin
Vagi 3051; Bendall Type 8c
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An AR Denarius struck 208-205 BC in Italia
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; below horses, female head right; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.76 g
"In Essays Witschonke, Andrew McCabe reported on a hoard of cut denarii that contained second Punic war types as well as VAR and QLC types, but missed the types from Crawford 112 through 124. This suggests that the VAR and QLC types, and by extension this female head type to which they appear stylistically related, should be dated within the second Punic war period, likely to around 206-205 BC."

Provenance: Naville Numismatics, Auction 42 (22 July 2018), lot 392.
Crawford 127/1
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An AR Denarius struck 179-170 BC in Rome
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: Luna in prancing biga right; below, fly and ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.85 g
Provenance: CNG Electronic auction 432 (14 November 2018) lot 226, from the Andrew McCabe Collection, purchased from Germania Inferior in 2015. Ex Bertolami fine arts, Auction 15 (27 April 2015), lot 255.
Crawford 159/2
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An AR Denarius struck 210-206 BC in Apulia
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.65 g
Provenance: CNG Electronic Auction 433 (28 November 2018), lot 240, Ex Freeman & Sear - Mail Bid Sale 8 (5 February 2003), lot 356.
Crawford 53/2 (Brinkman Group 4)
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An AR Didrachm struck 225-214 BC in Rome
Obverse: Laureate janiform head of Dioscuri

Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga driven by Victory right, holding sceptre and thunderbolt; ROMA below

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.72 g
No notes for this coin
Cr. 28/2, Syd. 65
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An AR Didrachm struck c. 225-214 BC in Rome
Obverse: Laureate janiform head of Janus

Reverse: Jupiter, holding sceptre and brandishing thunderbolt, in quadriga driven to right by Victory; ROMA incuse on tablet below

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 6.76 g
This deeply toned beauty came with a small storage box that was labelled ‘bought at Ball Berlin’. Robert Ball Nachf. (the Nachf. stands for Nachfolger which means ‘successors’) was one of the big numismatic mail-order and auction houses of the 1920’s and 30’s. According to a fellow collector, Andrew McCabe recently received a coin with a similar box and traced it’s creator as Thomas James Clarke, a businessman and collector who lived between 1875-1952. It could be possible that he bought the coin from Robert Ball for himself, but this is not certain since it seems he also made the boxes for other collectors. I’m still hoping to trace this coins full provenance some day.
Crawford 28/3; RSC 23; Sydenham 64
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An AR Didrachm struck c. 225-214 BC in Rome
Obverse: Laureate janiform head of Janus

Reverse: Jupiter, holding sceptre and brandishing thunderbolt, in quadriga driven to right by Victory; ROMA incuse on tablet below

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 6.57 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 28/3; RSC 23; Sydenham 64
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An AR Denarius struck 209 BC in Apulia
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.36 g
Provenance: Ex Ahlström auktion 66 (9 November 2002), lot 1173.
Sibling to the "Spearhead series", RRC 88/2.
Crawford 53/2 (Brinkman Group 5)
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An AR Denarius struck 157-156 BC in Rome
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 9 H
Weight: 3.98 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 198/1
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An AR Denarius struck 209-208 BC in Sicily
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; staff below horses; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.28 g
Provenance: Ex Collection of Roman Republican Coins of a Student and his Mentor Part II, NAC Auction 73 (18 November 2013), lot 30. Ex SKA Bern sale 4, New York (1985), lot 324.
Crawford 78/2
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An AR Denarius struck 206-205 BC in Spain(?)
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; female head below horses; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.65 g
Provenance: Aste Bolaffi - Auction 35 (28 November 2019), lot 34, Ex Sternberg Auction XVII (9-10 May 1986), lot 478.
Crawford 127/1
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An AR Denarius struck 211-210 BC in Sicily
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; corn ear below horses; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.1 g
Provenance: Ex NFA XXVII, 1991, RR, 264 and NAC 78, 2014, JD part III, 379 sales.
Crawford 72/3
(94) Antandros
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An AR Diobol struck c. 420-400 BC in Antandros
Obverse: female head right (Artemis Astyrene?)

Reverse: lion head right within incuse square; ANTAN

Diameter: 9.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1 g
No notes for this coin
Cf. SNG von Aulock 7582 (later type without incuse); SNG München -; SNG Ashmolean -; cf. SNG Tübingen 2555 (same); cf. Klein 298 (same); Traité II -; CNG E-369, lot 113; Gitbud & Naumann 24, lot 170.
(95) Antigones I
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