Coins from Baktria
Baktria was the name of a historical region in Central Asia. Bactria proper was north of the Hindu Kush mountain range and south of the Amu Darya river, covering the flat region that straddles modern-day Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. More broadly Bactria was the area north of the Hindu Kush, west of the Pamirs and south of the Tian Shan with the Amu Darya flowing west through the center.

Before its annexation to the Achaemenid Empire by Cyrus the Great in sixth century BC, Bactria belonged to the Medes and together with Margiana, formed the twelfth satrapy of Persia. After Darius III had been defeated by Alexander the Great, the satrap of Bactria, Bessus, attempted to organise a national resistance but was captured by other warlords and delivered to Alexander.

After Alexander's death, the area was ruled by the Seleucid Empire, but a satrap of Bactria, Diodotus I, eventually had the opportunity to declare independence about 245 BC. He was the founder of the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom.
Baktria
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 171-160 BC in Baktria
Obverse: Bust right

Reverse: Poseidon

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 295/3-285/3 BC in Baktria
Obverse: head of Athena right, wearing earring, necklace and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and spiral palmette on the bowl wire necklace, round earring; monogram

Reverse: owl standing right, grape bunch over tail; olive sprig and crescent above; AΘE

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17 g
From the 1960s Andragoras-Sophytes Group, present in Germany in 1975, subsequently exported to the USA.
Roma XIV, 354; Bopearachchi, Sophytes Series 1A; Mitchiner 13e; N&A 13-15; SNG ANS -; Svoronos pl. 109, 8; Leu 83, 263
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An AR Drachm struck 305-294 BC in Baktria
Obverse: head of Athena right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl

Reverse: eagle standing left, head right, grape cluster on vine with leaf above

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.15 g
From the 1960s Andragoras-Sophytes Group, present in Germany in 1975, subsequently exported to the USA.
Roma XIV, 334; Bopearachchi, Sophytes Series 2A; SNG ANS 14-16; Mitchiner 26c; N&A 52-57
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An AR Didrachm struck 295/3-285/3 BC in Baktria
Obverse: head of Athena right, wearing earring, necklace and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and spiral palmette on the bowl wire necklace, round earring monogram

Reverse: owl standing right, grape bunch over tail; prow above AΘE

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
From the 1960s Andragoras-Sophytes Group, present in Germany in 1975, subsequently exported to the USA.
Roma XIV, 331; Bopearachchi, Sophytes Series 1A; SNG ANS 6; N&A 43-45
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An AR Obol struck 171-145 BCE in Baktria
Obverse: Diademed bust of king right

Reverse: Diademed bust of king right Rev.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΚΡΑΤΙΔΟΥ (Two pilei surmounted by stars and two palm branches), monogram in field

Diameter: 11.48 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.64 g
No notes for this coin
HGCS 12/138