Persepolis - A settlement in Persis
Persepolis (Pārsa in old Persian) was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BCE). It is situated 60 km northeast of the city of Shiraz in Fars Province, Iran. The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BCE. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of architecture.

After invading Achaemenid Persia in 330 BC, Alexander the Great allowed his troops to loot Persepolis and ordered to set Persepolis on fire.

In 316 BC, Persepolis was still the capital of Persia as a province of the great Macedonian Empire. The city must have gradually declined in the course of time. About 200 BC, the city of Estakhr, five kilometers north of Persepolis, was the seat of the local governors. From there, the foundations of the second great Persian Empire were laid, and there Estakhr acquired special importance as the center of priestly wisdom and orthodoxy.

Modern location: ruins, Iran

(1) Artaxerxes (Ardashir) II 50-1 BC
Obverse: bust left, wearing diadem and Persepolitan crown with stepped battlements
Reverse: king standing left, holding sceptre; lit altar to left
Ref: Alram 577