Coins from Spain
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula.It was mainly colonized by the city of Phocaea and related colonies, such as Alalia and Massalia in Gaul.

Notable poleis established here were Emporion and Rhode. Colonies in Spain were less typically Greek in culture than those in other areas of the Mediterranean, competition with the Phoenicians was fierce, and the region seems always to have been considered a distant and remote land by mainland Greeks.

It came under Roman rule around 200 BC.
Spain
(1) Arse | Saguntum
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1332_Arse-Saguntum.jpg
An AE Quadrans struck c. 200-150 BC in Arse | Saguntum
Obverse: Shell

Reverse: Dolphin right, crescent above, P (A in iberian script) and three dots below

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
R&L 153-79; ACIP 1974; SNG BM Spain 1112
(2) Arse | Saguntum
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1333_Arse-Saguntum.jpg
An AE Quadrans struck c. 200-150 BC in Arse | Saguntum
Obverse: Shell

Reverse: Dolphin right, crescent above, P (A in iberian script) and three dots below

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/849_Augustus_Celsa.JPG
An AE As struck 14-5 BC in Celsa
Obverse: laureate head right; AVGVSTVS·_DIVI·F·

Reverse: bull right; ·C·V·I·CEL· / II·VIR / L·BAGGIO / (MN)·FESTO

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 11.1 g
L. Baggius and Mn. Flavius Festus
Villaronga-Benages 3164e, RPC I 273, SNG Cop 540
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Augustus_-_Bilbilis.jpg
An AE As struck 2-14 AD in Bilbilis
Obverse: laureate head right; AVGVSTVS·DIVI·F PATER·PATRIAE·

Reverse: Name and titles of the duoviri around wreath; (MVN)·(AV)GVSTA·BILBILIS / L·COR·C(AL)IDO·L·SEMP.R(VT)ILO II·VIR

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 14.1 g
L. Cor. Calidus and L. Semp. Rutilus, duoviri ex ibercoins auction
RPC I 395; Alvarez Burgos 164, 1294; SNG München 22; SNG Copenhagen 617
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Untitled(49).jpg
An AE As struck 27 BC-14 AD in Carthago Nova
Obverse: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Head of Augustus facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: M POSTVM ALBIN L PORC CAPIT II VIR Q, Priest standing facing, holding simpulum and branch

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: 8 H
Weight: 14.94 g
Marcus Postumius Albinus and Lucius Porcius Capito as duumviri quinquennales (Two magistrates in charge of the colony for a term of 5 years)

The obverse inscription translates to "Augustus, son of the Divine (referring to Julius Caesar)"

The reverse translates to "Marcus Postumius Albinus, Lucius Porcius Capito, Two men for a 5 year term"
RPC I 170
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0091-B.jpg
An AE unit struck 19-2 BC in Colonia Patricia
Obverse: PER CAE AVG, Bare head of Augustus facing left

Reverse: COLO PATR, Patera, aspergillum, jug, and lituus (priestly implements)

Diameter: 15 mm
Die Orientation: 4 H
Weight: 3.17 g
RPC mentions debate on issuance date so I went with the widest range of dates proposed.

The obverse inscription translates to "[struck with] Permission of Caesar Augustus"

The reverse inscription translates to "Colonia Patricia"
RPC I 131
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Untitled(80).jpg
An AE As struck 27 BC-14 AD in Julia Traducta
Obverse: PERM CAES AVG, Bare head of Augustus facing left

Reverse: IVLIA TRAD in two lines within oak wreath

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 2 H
Weight: 8.92 g
RPC doesn't commit to a particular dating for this issue but mentions the debate putting it at a range of 15 to 10 BC.

The obverse inscription translates to "[struck with] Permission of Caesar Augusuts"

The reverse inscription translates to "Julia Traducta"
RPC I 108
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Untitled(82).jpg
An AE Semis struck 27 BC-14 AD in Caesaraugusta
Obverse: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Head of Augustus facing left, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: CAESAR AVGVSTA L CASSIO C VAL FEN, Vexillum on base; II VIR to left and right

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 4 H
Weight: 5.34 g
L. Cassius and C. Valerius Fene(stella?) as duoviri
The obverse inscription translates to "Augustus, son of the Divine (referring to Julius Caesar)"

The reverse inscription translates to "Caesaraugusta, to Lucius Cassius and Gaius Valerius Fene(stella?) as two magistrates to govern the colony
RPC I 311
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0009-B.jpg
An AR Quinarius struck 25-23 BC in Emerita
Obverse: AVGVST, Bare head of Augustus facing left

Reverse: P CARISI LEG, Victory standing facing right, crowning trophy of captured arms, dagger and curved sword at base

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 1.79 g
Publius Carisius as legatus
RIC I (Second Edition) Augustus 1b
(10) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0007-B.jpg
An AE As struck 27 BC-14 AD in Ercavica
Obverse: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Head of Augustus facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: MVN ERCAVICA, Bull standing facing right

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 9.34 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 459
(11) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0008-B.jpg
An AE unit struck 27 BC-14 AD in Carthago Nova
Obverse: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Head of Augustus facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: C VAR RVF SEX IVL POL II VIRQ, Simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 13.92 g
Gaius Varius Rufus and Sextus Julius Pollio. as magistrates in charge of the colony for a five year term
RPC I 167
(12) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0019-B.jpg
An AE As struck 27 BC-14 AD in Julia Traducta
Obverse: PERM CAES AVG, Bare head of Augustus facing left

Reverse: IVLIA TRAD in two lines within oak wreath

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 10 H
Weight: 7.91 g
RPC doesn't commit to a particular dating for this issue but mentions the debate putting it at a range of 15 to 10 BC.

The obverse inscription translates to "[struck with] Permission of Caesar Augusuts"

The reverse inscription translates to "Julia Traducta"
No references provided for this coin
(13) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/aug5.jpg
An AE As struck 25-23 B.C. in Emerita
Obverse: CAESAR AVG TRIB POTEST Barehead right

Reverse: P CARISIVS - LEG - AVGVSTI in three lines

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 9 H
Weight: 10.48 g
Ex. Harry Stewart Collection
RIC I 15a ; BMCRE 298
(14) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0006-B.jpg
An AE As struck 25-23 BC in Emerita
Obverse: CAESAR AVGVST TRIB (or TRIBVN or TRIBVNI) POTEST, Bare head of Augustus facing right

Reverse: P. CARISIVS LEG AVGVSTI, Inscription in three lines

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 2 H
Weight: 11.37 g
Publius Carisius as legatus

Because the inscription after AVGVST is off of the flan it could be either TRIB POTEST, TRIBVN POTEST, or TRIBVNI POTEST, making it either RIC 23, 24, or 25 respectively.
RIC I (Second Edition) Augustus 23, 24, or 25
(15) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Augustus_(Obv_and_Rev).jpg
An AR Denarius struck 18BC in Colonia Patricia?
Obverse: CAESARI AVGVSTO, laureate head left

Reverse: domed tetrastyle temple of Mars Ultor, in which stands triumphal currus right, containing legionary eagle and surmounted by four miniature galloping horses; SPQ[R] across field

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.84 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 120; BMC 386
(16) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Augustus1.jpg
An AE unit struck 25 - 23 BC in Emerita
Obverse: CAESAR AVGVS TRIBVNIC POTES / Head bare right

Reverse: P CARISIVS LEG AVGVSTI in three lines across

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 10.34 g
Under governor P. Carisius
RIC 19 var, BM-301 (obv. leg incomplete), Paris-1080 var
(17) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/722_Augustus_Emerita.JPG
An AR Quinarius struck c. 25-23 BC in Emerita
Obverse: bare head right; AVGVST

Reverse: Victory standing right, placing wreath on a trophy consisting of helmet and cuirass; dagger and sword hilt at base of trophy; P CARIS_I__LEG

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.56 g
P. Carisius, legatus pro praetore
RIC 1a; sear5 1642; RSC 386
(18) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1293_Augustus_Calagurris(0).jpg
An AE As struck 14-37 AD in Calagurris
Obverse: laureate head right; TI AVGVS DIVI AVGVSTI F IMP CAESAR

Reverse: bull right; L·F(VL)·SPARSO / L·S(AT)VRNINO / M·C·I II / VIR

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 14.7 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 448
(19) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Untitled(89).jpg
An AE As struck 17 BC-14 AD in Celsa
Obverse: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Head of Augustus facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: C V I CEL L BAGGIO MN FESTO II VIR, Bull standing facing right

Diameter: 30 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 9.83 g
L. Baggius and Mn. Flavius Festus as duoviri
RPC notes a dating of 17 BC or later given the use of DIVI F in the name
RPC I 273
(20) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Untitled(92).jpg
An AE Dupondius struck after 12 BC in Ebora
Obverse: PERMISSV CAESARIS AVGVSTI P M; Bare head of Augustus facing left

Reverse: LIBERALITATIS IVL EBOR; Patera, aspergillum, jug, simpulum, and knife

Diameter: 33 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 21.66 g
RPC believes these coins were issued to commemorate Augustus's election to the office of Pontifex Maximus and dates them to after 12 BC as Augustus attained the office in that year.
RPC I 50
(21) Augustus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1701_Augustus.jpg
An AR Denarius struck 19-18 BC in Caesaraugusta
Obverse: head right wearing oak wreath (corona civica); CAESAR__AVGVSTVS

Reverse: comet - The Julian Star; DIVVS - IVLIVS

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.8 g
No notes for this coin
RIC I 37b, RSC I 97, BMCRE I 326, SRCV I 1607
(22) Carisa
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1461_Carissa.jpg
An AE Semis struck 100-1 BC in Carisa
Obverse: head of young Hercules left wearing lion's skin

Reverse: horseman galloping left holding spear and large shield; CARISSA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
AB-446; Vill-6
(23) Castulo
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0013-B.jpg
An AE unit struck 2rd-1st Cent BC in Castulo
Obverse: Male head facing right, hand in right field

Reverse: Sphinx walking right, wearing helmet, star at right, KASTILO in Iberic script below

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 19.37 g
After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
Burgos 543
(24) Castulo
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Castulo.jpg
An AE Semis struck c. 200-175 BC in Castulo
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Bull right, crescent above; KASTILO retrograde in southern hispanian script

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.69 g
No notes for this coin
CNH p. 331, 2-3; SNG BM Spain 1223-6
(25) Castulo
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/750_Castulo.jpg
An AE Quadrans struck c. 120-100 BC in Castulo
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Boar right, star (comet)* above; KaŚTiLO

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
* In 135 BC bright comet appeared and star symbol has appeared on many coins through mediterranean since then.
Villaronga p. 337, 50; SNG BM Spain 1358
(26) Emporion
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Emporion.jpg
An AR Drachm struck 241-218 BC in Emporion
Obverse: Head of Persephone right; 3 dolphins around

Reverse: Pegasus flying right; EMΠOPITΩΝ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.47 g
ex Liste Jacquier 30, Kehl, 2003, Nr. 54. ex Sammlung Erich Karl
Calico 598ff. Villaronga, CNH 20, 15ff. SNG BM Spain 16
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1292_Germanicus_Italica.JPG
An AE Semis struck 15 BC - 19 AD in Italica
Obverse: Bare head left; GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F

Reverse: Aquila between two standards; MVNIC__ITALIC / PE_R / AV_G

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.4 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 70; ACIP 3339
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1515_Germanicus_Romula.jpg
An AE Semis struck 15 BC - 19 AD in Colonia Romula
Obverse: head left; GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F

Reverse: shield within wreath; PERM AVG COL ROM

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6.5 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 75
(29) Ilipense
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Ilipa.jpg
An AE As struck c. 150-100 BC in Ilipense
Obverse: Grain ear

Reverse: Fish right, crescent above; ILIPENSE / A

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 18.7 g
No notes for this coin
SNGCop 148; CNH p. 374, 2; SNG BM Spain 1533-9.
(30) Malaka
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Malaka.jpg
An AE As struck 200-1 BC in Malaka
Obverse: Head of Vulcan left wearing pileus, tongs right all within wreath; mem lamed kap alep

Reverse: Radiate facing bust of Sol

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
ABH-1730; SNG Cop 41
(31) Obulco
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Obulco.jpg
An AE As struck c. 150 BC in Obulco
Obverse: Female head right; OBVLCO

Reverse: Legend, plough above, grain ear below URKaILTu / NESELTuKo

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 14.4 g
Urkailtu and Neseltuko
No references provided for this coin
(32) Segobriga
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/761_Sekaisa(0).jpg
An Fourree Denarius struck 130-80 BC in Segobriga
Obverse: head right, crescent behind M below

Reverse: horseman with spear riding right; SEKoBiRIKeS

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.5 g
No notes for this coin
ACIP 1869; SNG BM Spain 1049–51
(33) Sekaisa
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/761_Sekaisa.jpg
An AE unit struck 100-50 BC in Sekaisa
Obverse: head right, two dolphins at sides

Reverse: rider with spear galloping right; ŚEKaISA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
ACIP 1563; CNH 43; SNG BM Spain 852-7; SNGCop362
(34) Tiberius
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0005-B.jpg
An AE unit struck 14-37 AD in Italica
Obverse: TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS PONT MAX IMP, Bare head of Tiberius facing right

Reverse: MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG, Altar inscribed PROVIDENTIAE AVGVSTI in three lines

Diameter: 29 mm
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 13.59 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 65
(35) Tiberius
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0020-B.jpg
An AE As struck 14-37 AD in Segobriga
Obverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII, Bare head of Tiberius facing left

Reverse: SEGO BRIGA, Inscription in two lines inside wreath

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: 3 H
Weight: 10.34 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 473
(36) Tiberius
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0033-B.jpg
An AE As struck 23-29 AD in Carthago Nova
Obverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS P M, Bare head of Tiberius facing left

Reverse: NERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES QVINQ C V I N C, Confronting bare heads of Nero and Drusus

Diameter: 29 mm
Die Orientation: 4 H
Weight: 15.23 g
RPC doesn't commit to a date beyond the range of Tiberius' reign, but common sense tells us it can be narrowed down quite a bit, clearly it would come about after his son Drusus passed and it would stop being struck after the boys turned out to be garbage. Several auction houses go with this dating of 23-29 AD.

The heads on the reverse are Nero Julius Caesar and Drusus Caesar, both sons of Germanicus, and adopted sons of Tiberius. Tiberius made it apparent that they were to succeed him, since his natural son "Drusus Julius Caesar" had died in 23 AD. History had other plans in mind of course.

The reverse translates to " Nero and Drusus, Caesars, Quinquennial (Duumvirs) of the Victorious Colony Julia Nova Carthago"
RPC I 179
(37) Tiberius
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Untitled(99).jpg
An AE As struck 14-37 AD in Turiaso
Obverse: TI·CAESAR·AVG·F·AVGVSTVS·IMP, Head of Tiberius facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: MVN·TVRIASO·MN·SVLP·LVCAN·M·SEMP·FRONT·,II VIR inside oak wreath

Diameter: 31 mm
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 14.66 g
Mn. Sulpicius Lucanus and M. Sempronius Frontius as duoviri
RPC I 413
(38) Tiberius
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Untitled(59).jpg
An AE unit struck 14-37 AD in Cascantum
Obverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, Head of Tiberius facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: MVNICIP CASCA[NT](ligature)VM, Bull standing right, head facing

Diameter: 30 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 10.51 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 427
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0087-B.jpg
An AR Denarius struck 69 AD in Tarraco?
Obverse: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, Head of Vitellius facing right, wearing laurel wreath, globe at point of bust

Reverse: FIDES EXERCITVVM, Inscription in two lines with clasped hands between

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 3 H
Weight: 3.22 g
Spain, (Tarraco?) (modern Tarragona) mint per RIC.
RIC I (Second Edition) Vitellius 27
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Vitellius_(Obv_and_Rev)(3).jpg
An AR Denarius struck AD 69 in Tarraco?
Obverse: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head left, globe at point of neck; palm before

Reverse: VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory flying left, holding round shield inscribed S P/Q R

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 3.45 g
A wonderful & delicate sculptural portrait of Vitellius, one of my favourite portrait coins. Ex. Naville Numismatics Auction 41; Lot 523; Ex. Jesús Vico Auction 133 (2012); Lot 2327
RIC 36; BMC 94; RSC 101; Sear 2191