Phokaia - A settlement in Ionia
Phokaia was an ancient Ionian Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia.

Colonists from Phocaea founded the colony of Massalia (Marseille) in 600 BC, Emporion (Empúries) in 575 BC and Elea (Velia) in 540 BC.

Phocaea remained independent until the reign of the Lydian king Croesus (circa 560–545 BC), when they fell under Lydian control, and then were conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia in 546 BC.

During the Hellenistic period it fell under Seleucid, then Attalid rule. In the Roman period, the town was a manufacturing center for ceramic vessels, including the late Roman Phocaean red slip.

Modern location: Foça, Turkey

(1) Phokaia c. 350-300 BC
AE unit Phokaia
Obverse: head of Hermes left with petasos
Reverse: forepart of a griffin left; BATIΣ
Ref: SNG KOP 23 1041
(2) Phokaia | Teos 521-478 BC
Obverse: head of griffin left
Reverse: incuse square
Ref: Cf. Hirsch 221, lot 331, BMC 88-89