Aegina - A settlement in Central Greece
Aegina is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf, 27 kilometres from Athens. During ancient times Aegina was a rival of Athens, the great sea power of the era.

Tradition derives the name from Aegina the mother of the hero Aeacus, who was born on the island and became its king.

According to Ephorus, Aegina was the first city-state to issue coins in Europe around 700 BC - some 40 years after the invention of coinage in Asia Minor.

Staters from Aegina famously feature the image of a turtle, an animal sacred to Aphrodite, and later a tortoise.

Modern location: Aegina, Greece

(1) Aegina c. 510-485 BC
Obverse: turtle, row of dots on the back
Reverse: incuse square ( “Union Jack” pattern)
Ref: Milbank 3; BMC Attica, p. 126, 3; S...
(2) Aegina c. 450 BC
Obverse: Land tortoise
Reverse: Square incuse with skew pattern.
Ref: None provided
(3) Aegina 470 - 440 BC
Obverse: Sea Turtle
Reverse: Large square "skew pattern" incuse
Ref: SNG Delepierre 1524 HGC 435