Roman Republican Coins
Coinage came late to the Roman Republic compared with the rest of the Mediterranean. It started with a few silver coins apparently devised for trade with the Greek colonies in Southern Italy, and heavy cast bronze pieces for use in Central Italy.

During the Second Punic war a flexible system of coins in bronze, silver and (occasionally) gold was created. This system was dominated by the silver denarius, a denomination which remained in circulation for 450 years. The coins of the republic were produced by "mint magistrates", junior officials who choose the designs and legends. This resulted in the production of coins advertising the officials' families for political purposes; most of the messages on these coins can still be understood today.

Roman Republican

Obverse: Veiled head of Hispania right, HISPAN downward in left field.
Reverse: Togate figure standing left, raising hand, between aquila and fasces. A – POST•A•F – •S•N – ALBIN across fields and in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 372/2
Obverse: draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder, bucranium above
Reverse: togate figure standing left before flaming altar, holding sprinkler over sacrificial bull, all on stone platform, A·POST ·A·F S·N·(AL)BIN
Ref: Crawford 372/1, SRCV I 296, Sydenha...
Obverse: veiled head of Hispania right, HISPAN
Reverse: togate figure standing left, extending hand toward legionary eagle right; fasces with axe right A· / (AL)BIN / N·S· / POST·A·F
Ref: Crawford 372/2, Sydenham 746, RSC I...
(4) A. Spurilius 142 (139)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Luna in biga right holding goad and reins A·SP(VR)I ROMA
Ref: SRCV I 107, Crawford 230/1, Sydenha...
(5) A. Terentius Varro II 170-158 BC
Obverse: Laureate head of Janus; I
Reverse: Prow of galley right; (VAL) / I / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 185/1; Sydenham 364
(6) Anonymous 157-156 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.
Reverse: Victory, holding goad, driving biga right; ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 197/1a
(7) Anonymous 217-215 BC
Obverse: Turreted and draped female bust (Cybele?) right.
Reverse: Nude rider, holding whip, on horse prancing right; below, ROMA.
Ref: Crawford 39/5
(8) Anonymous After 211 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Minerva right. Four pellets above.
Reverse: Prow right, ROMA above, four pellets below.
Ref: Crawford 56/4, RBW 206.
(9) Anonymous 217-215 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma left, pellet behind.
Reverse: Prow right, ROMA above, pellet below.
Ref: Crawford 38/6, Sydenham 86.
(10) Anonymous 217-215 BC
Obverse: Head of Mercury right wearing petasos.
Reverse: Prow of galley right; ROMA above.
Ref: Crawford 38/7, Sydenham 87.
(11) Anonymous After 211 BC
Obverse: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress; behind, three pellets.
Reverse: Prow of galley right, ROMA above, three pellets below.
Ref: Crawford 56/5
(12) Anonymous 205-195 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.
Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 53/2
(13) Anonymous 234-231 BC
Obverse: Head of Roma right, wearing Phrygian helmet.
Reverse: Dog standing right, raising forepaw; ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 26/4
(14) Anonymous 208-205 BC
AR Denarius Unknown mint
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.
Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; below horses, female head right; ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 127/1
(15) Anonymous 179-170 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.
Reverse: Luna in prancing biga right; below, fly and ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 159/2
(16) Ap. Claudius Pulcher | T. Manlius Macinus | Q. Urbiniu 109 (111-110)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; circle in triangle behind
Reverse: victory in triga right holding reins T·(MAL)·A·P CL·Q·(VR)
Ref: Crawford 299/1b; Sydenham 570a; Mal...
(17) C. Aburius Geminus 134 BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Roma right GEM (XVI)
Reverse: Mars in quadriga right holding trophy and reins, shield, spear C·(AB)(VR)I ROMA
Ref: Crawford 244/1, Sydenham 490, BMCRR...
(18) C. Allius Bala 92 BC
Obverse: Diademed female head right(Diana?); BALA downwards to left; R (control mark) below chin.
Reverse: Diana in a biga of stags to right; with quiver over shoulder and holding sceptre and reins in left hand and torch in right; grasshopper below stags, C•ALLI in exergue; all within laurel wreath.
Ref: Crawford 336/1b
Obverse: diademed draped bust of Anna Parenna right; caduceus left, scales right, dagger below C·ANNI·T·F·T·N · PRO·COS·EX·S·C·
Reverse: Victory in quadriga right, holding palm branch and reins, Q / L·FABI·L·F·HISP
Ref: Crawford 366/1a, SRCV I 289, Sydenh...
(20) C. Antestius 146 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, C•ANTESTI upwards to left, X (mark of value) below chin.
Reverse: The Dioscuri galloping right; below, puppy right with both fore-feet raised; ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 219/1e
(21) C. Antestius 147 (146)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; dog in left field; X
Reverse: Dioscuri right riding on horses, stars over pilei, each holding spear reins; C·(ANTE)STI / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 219/01a
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, =
Reverse: naked horseman galloping right, holding palm branch and reins dagger? in exergue, C·PISO L F FRVGI
Ref: Crawford 408/1b, RSC I Calpurnia 24...
(23) C. Cassius C.f. Longinus 130 (126)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, urn behind; (XVI)
Reverse: Libertas in quadriga right holding pileus, scepter and reins; C·CASSI / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 266/1, Sydenham 502, BMCRR...
(24) C. Cluvius Saxula 170-158 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Janus I
Reverse: prow of galley right C·S(AX) I ROMA
Ref: Crawford 173/1, Sydenham 360, BMCRR...
Obverse: head of Roma left wearing winged helmet
Reverse: Victory in biga left CALD G
Ref: Crawford 318/1b, RSC I Coelia 3, Sy...
(26) C. Coelius Caldus 52 (51)BC
Obverse: head of Coelius Caldus (moneyer's grandfather) right; standard inscribed HIS (Hispania) behind, standard in the form of a boar (emblem of of Clunia, Hispania) before, C·COEL·CALDVS / COS
Reverse: statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high lectisternium with front inscribed L·CALDVS / VII·(VIR)·EP(VL) (Lucius Caldus Septemvir Epulo), C·CALDVS on left, IMP·(AV)·X (Imperator Augur Decemvir) on right, C(ALD)VS III VIR below
Ref: Crawford 437/2a, Sydenham 894, RSC ...
(27) C. Considius Nonianus 60? (56)BC
Obverse: laureate draped bust of Venus Erycina right, wearing stephane, C·CONSIDI·NONIANI S·C
Reverse: tetrastyle temple of Venus Erycina on the top of mount Eryx, Porta Collina (place of Sulla's great victory)*, ERVC
Ref: Crawford 424/1, Sydenham 888, RSC I...
Obverse: Winged bust of Cupid right; bow and quiver of arrows over shoulder; MAXSVMVS downwards in left field.
Reverse: Distyle temple with two facing statues within; Jupiter, to the left, holding staff, and Libertas, on the right, holding pileus. Above pediment, thunderbolt and pileus. VIII (control mark) in left field; CN•N in right field; C•EGNATIVS•CN•F in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 391/2
Obverse: veiled turreted bust of Cybele right dot over Λ
Reverse: Victory in biga right, holding goad and reins; heron right C·FABI·C·F
Ref: Crawford 322/1a, RSC I Fabia 15, Sy...
(30) C. Fonteius 112 (114-113)BC
Obverse: laureate Janiform heads of Dioscuri; T _ (XVI)
Reverse: war galley left, acrostolium, ram and deck house at prow, three sailors and five oars amidships; deck house, gubernator, rudder, and apluster at stern; C·FO(NT) / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 290/1, SRCV I 167, RSC I F...
(31) C. Fundanius 98 (101)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ·C
Reverse: Gaius Marius with his son as rider riding in triumphal quadriga right. Gaius Marius holds staff and laurel branch, rider holds laurel branch and reins. Q C·FVNDAN
Ref: Crawford 326/1, SRCV I 204, Sydenha...
(32) C. Fundanius 101 BC
Obverse: Laureate head of Jupiter right; C to left.
Reverse: Victory standing right, crowning trophy, beside which stands carnyx; before which, Gallic captive kneeling left; Q (mark of value) in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 326/2
Obverse: Head of Apollo right
Reverse: Jupiter in Quadriga right, Holding reins and thunderbolt
Ref: Cr. 350A/2
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo or Vejovis right, thunderbolt below
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding thunderbolt and reins
Ref: Crawford 350a/2, SRCV I 266, RSC I...
(35) C. Hosidius C.f. Geta 65 (68)BC
Obverse: diademed and draped bust of Diana, bow and quiver over shoulder III VIR / GETA
Reverse: attacked boar right, spear in shoulder, hound below, C HOSIDI C F
Ref: Crawford 407/2; Sydenham 903; Kestn...
Obverse: Draped bust of Diana right, wearing stephane, earring, and necklace, and with bow and quiver over shoulder; III VIR downwards to left, GETA downwards to right.
Reverse: The Calydonian boar standing right, it’s front legs thrust forward, pierced through by a spear and harried by a hound below; C•HOSIDI•C•F in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 407/2; RSC Hosidia 1; Sear...
(37) C. Junius C.f. 155-150 (149)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Dioscuri on horses riding right holding spears reins; stars over their pilei C·IVNI·C·F ROMA
Ref: Crawford 210/01
Obverse: diademed bust of Vejovis left, from behind, hurling thunderbolt
Reverse: Minerva in quadriga right holding javelin and reins, shield C·LICINIUS·L·F / MACER
Ref: Crawford 354/1, SRCV I 274, RSC I L...
(39) C. Maianius 155-150 (153)BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Roma right X
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding whip and reins C. (MA)I(AN)I ROMA
Ref: Crawford 203/1a, SRCV I 82, RSC I M...
(40) C. Malleolus C.f. 96 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Mars right; mallet above, star below chin
Reverse: Heroic figure standing left, foot on cuirass, holding spear and leaning on tabella divided into two compartments, CMA below, trophy in left field.
Ref: Crawford 335/3g, Sydenham 615c, Pob...
(41) C. Malleolus C.f. 92 (96)BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Mars right, hammer above; (XVI)
Reverse: warrior standing half left, foot on cuirass, holding spear; trophy left, grasshopper on prow right; C·M(AL)
Ref: Crawford 335/3d; Sydenham 615a; Pob...
Obverse: jugate heads of bearded Numa Pompilius and Ancus Marcius right
Reverse: Desultor right riding two horses, wearing conical cap, holding whip; XXXIII / C·CENSO
Ref: Crawford 346/1b, SRCV I 256, Sydenh...
(43) C. Marius C.f. Capito 82 (81)BC
Obverse: draped bust of Ceres with corn wreath right, running horse to the right, CAPIT.CXXXV
Reverse: ploughman conducting yoke of two oxen, CXXXV / C·MARI·C·F / S·C
Ref: Crawford 378/1c, SRCV I 300, Sydenh...
(44) C. Minucius C.f. Augurinus 134 (135)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA X
Reverse: Ionic column surmounted by statue; at base, two stalks of grain; on left, L. Minucius Augurinus standing right, holding patera, foot on modius; on right, M. Minucius Faesus standing left, holding lituus. C·A_VG
Ref: Crawford 242/1, SRCV I 119, Sydenha...
(45) C. Naevius Balbus 79 BC
Obverse: diademed head of Venus right; S·C
Reverse: Victory right in triga holding reins; XXXIII / C·N(AE)·B(AL)B
Ref: Crawford 382/1b, SRCV I 309, RSC I ...
(46) C. Norbanus 83 BC
Obverse: Diademed bust of Venus right; CVII behind, C•NORBANVS below
Reverse: Corn ear, fasces and caduceus
Ref: Crawford 357/1a; RSC Norbana 2; Sea...
(47) C. Norbanus 84 (83)BC
AR Denarius Sicily | Bruttium
Obverse: diademed head of Venus right, wearing single drop earring and pearl necklace CLIII C·NORBANVS
Reverse: grain ear, fasces and caduceus
Ref: Crawford 357/1b, RSC I Norbana 2, S...
(48) C. Numitorius 136? (133)BC
Obverse: head of Hercules right wearing lion skin, club below ●●●
Reverse: prow of galley right ●●● C·NVMITRI ROMA
Ref: Crawford 246/4a
(49) C. Plautius C.f. 124 (121)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: helmet head of Roma right; X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, holding spear; C·PLVTI / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 278/1, SRCV I 153, Sydenha...
(50) C. Postumius 73 BC
Obverse: Draped bust of Diana right, with bow and quiver over shoulder.
Reverse: Hound running right; spear below, C•POSTVMI and TA monogram in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 394/1a
(51) C. Publicius Q.f. 80 BC
Obverse: Helmeted and draped bust of Roma right; K (control mark) above; ROMA downwards in left field.
Reverse: Hercules standing left, strangling Nemean Lion; club at his feet, K (control mark) above; bow and arrows in left field; C•POBLICI•Q•F upwards in right field.
Ref: Crawford 380/1
(52) C. Publicius Q.f. 80 BC
Obverse: draped bust of Roma right wearing Phrygian helmet with side feathers; ROMA / P
Reverse: naked Hercules left strangling Nemean lion; bow with arrows in quiver left, club below; C·POBLICI·Q·F / P
Ref: Crawford 380/1, SRCV I 308, Sydenha...
(53) C. Renius 144 (138)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Juno Caprotina in biga of goats right holding whip, scepter and reins C·RENI ROMA
Ref: Crawford 231/1, SRCV I 108, Sydenha...
(54) C. Servilius M.f. 137 (136)BC
Obverse: helmet head of Roma right wreath left (XVI) ROMA
Reverse: the Dioscuri riding in opposite directions, heads turned confronting, each with star above his head and holding a spear C·SERVEILI·M·F
Ref: Crawford 239/1, Sydenham 525, RSC I...
(55) C. Servilius | M. Caecilius Metellus 82-81 (82-80)BC
Obverse: head of Apollo right wearing taenia; ROMA__(XVI)
Reverse: Macedonin shield decorated with elephant head right, all within laurel wreath; M·METELLVS·Q·F·
Ref: Crawford 369/1; Sydenham 719; Caeci...
(56) C. Sulpicius 103 BC
AE As Sardinia
Obverse: Laureate head of Janus; above, mark of value.
Reverse: Prow right; C•SVLPI above; palm-branch in right field; ROMA below.
Ref: Crawford 312/2
(57) C. Sulpicius C.f. Galba 103 (106)BC
Obverse: 2 jugate laureate heads of Dii Penates Publici left D · P · P
Reverse: Two soldiers (or Dii Penas Publici) standing facing each other, holding spears and pointing at sow which lies between them C C·SV(LP)ICI·C·F
Ref: Crawford 312/1, RSC I Sulpicia 1, S...
(58) C. Valerius C.f. Flaccus 144 (140)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; X
Reverse: Victory in biga right, holding whip and reins; FLAC / C·(VAL)·C·F / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 228/2, SRCV I 104, Sydenha...
(59) C. Vibius Pansa 89 (90)BC
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right PANSA
Reverse: Minerva in quadriga right holding trophy and reins, spear C·VIBIVS·C·F
Ref: Crawford 342/5b, RSC I Vibia 2d, Sy...
Obverse: mask of Pan right, PANSA
Reverse: radiate Jupiter Axurus seated left, holding patera and long scepter, IOVIS·AXVR· C·VIBIVS·C·F·C·N
Ref: Crawford 449/1a; SRCV I 420; Sydenh...
(61) Cn. Corn. Lent. Marcellinus 75 (76-75)BC
Obverse: diademed bust of Genius Populi Romani right, scepter across shoulder, G·P·R
Reverse: wreathed scepter, globe, rudder, EX S·C / CN·LEN·Q
Ref: Crawford 393/1a; SRCV I 323; Sydenh...
Obverse: Helmeted Scipio Africanus head right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet,* monogram above / CN BLASIO CN F before, prow behind.
Reverse: The Capitoline Triad: Jupiter, holding sceptre and thunderbolt, standing facing between Juno and Minerva / Π in field, ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford-296/1d, Cornelia 19.
(63) Cn. Cornelius Blasio 112/111 BC
Obverse: Head of Mars right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; CN BLASIO CN F before, XVI monogram above, control symbol (acrostolium?) behind
Reverse: Jupiter standing facing, holding sceptre and thunderbolt, between Juno and Minerva, the latter crowning Jupiter with wreath; palm branch in central field, dolphin in right field, ROMA (divided by eagle) in exergue
Ref: Sydenham 561d; RSC Cornelia 20; Sea...
(64) Cn. Domitius 130 (128)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, grain ear left (XVI)
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding wreath and reins, man attacking lion with spear below ROMA CN·DOM
Ref: Crawford 261/1; Sydenham 514; Domit...
(65) Cn. Fulvius 117 (117-116)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA (XVI)
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding wreath and reins C(N F)O(VL) M·C(AL)·Q·(MET)
Ref: Crawford 284/1b, RSC I Fulvia 1, Sy...
(66) Cn. Gellius 142 (138)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, all within wreath X
Reverse: Mars and Nerio in quadriga right; Mars holding Nerio and shield CN·GEL ROMA
Ref: Crawford 232/1, SRCV 109, RSC I Gel...
(67) Cn. Lucretius Trio 141 (136)BC
Obverse: head of Roma left wearing winged helmet; TRIO / X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, stars over pilei, holding spear and reins; CN·LVCR / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 237/1a, RSC I Lucretia 1, ...
(68) Cn. Plancius 55 BC
Obverse: Head of Diana Planciana(?) right, wearing petasus, CN•PLANCIVS downwards in right field, AED•CVR•S•C downwards in left field.
Reverse: Cretan goat standing right; quiver and bow in left field.
Ref: Crawford 432/1
(69) Cn. Plancius 54 (55)BC
Obverse: head of Macedonia right wearing causia; CN·PLANCIVS / AED·CVR·S·C
Reverse: agrimi standing right, bow and quiver left
Ref: Crawford 432/1, SRCV I 396, Sydenha...
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet T
Reverse: Victory in biga galloping right X D·SILANVS·L·F / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 337/3, SRCV I 225, Sydenha...
Obverse: Head of Venus facing right, wearing laurel wreath and diadem; scepter on shoulder; SC behind
Reverse: Three military trophies between capis and lituus; FAVSTVS monogram in exergue
Ref: RSC Cornelia 63; Cr. 426/3
(72) Fulvia 41-40 BC
Obverse: Bust of Fulvia (as Victory) right.
Reverse: Minerva standing left, holding shield and spear; [ΦOYΛOYIANON] in right field, [Z]MEPTOPIΓOΣ / [Φ]IΛΩNIΔOΥ] in two lines in left field.
Ref: RPC I 3139
(73) Furius Purpurio 170-158 BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Luna in biga right, crescent above head; murex shell above PVR ROMA
Ref: Crawford 187/1, SRCV I 75, Sydenham...
(74) Julius Caesar 49-48 BC
Obverse: Elephant advancing right, trampling on serpent; CAESAR in exergue
Reverse: Emblems of the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, securis (surmounted by wolf's head), and apex
Ref: Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; RSC 49; Sear...
(75) Julius Caesar I 49-VIII 48 BC
Obverse: elephant right, trampling on serpent or carnyx (Gallic musical instrument), CAESAR
Reverse: sacrificial implements - simpulum (laddle), sprinkler, axe, apex (priest's hat)
Ref: Crawford 443/1, RSC I 49, SRCV I 13...
(76) Julius Caesar I - IV 46 BC
Obverse: head of Ceres right, grain wreath, DICT·ITER COS·TERT
Reverse: sacrificial implements: simpulum, aspergillum, capis (jug), lituus, AVGVR / PONT·MAX / M
Ref: Crawford 467/1, SRCV I 1403, RSC I ...
(77) Julius Caesar 47-46 BC
AR Denarius African mint
Obverse: Diademed head of Venus right
Reverse: Aeneas advancing left, carrying palladium in right hand and Anchises on left shoulder; CAESAR to right
Ref: Crawford 458/1; RSC 12; Sear 1402
Obverse: Veiled and diademed head of Concordia right, PAVLLVS LEPIDVS CONCORDIA
Reverse: L. Aemilius Paullus standing to right of trophy, Perseus and his two sons captive on the left, TER / PAVLLVS
Ref: Crawford 415/1, SRCV I 366, RSC I A...
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, XVI monogram before, GRAG behind
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding reins, thunderbolt and sceptre; L•ANTES below, ROMA in exergue
Ref: Crawford 238/1; RSC Antestia 9; Sea...
(80) L. Antestius Gragulus 138 (136)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; GRAG_(XVI)
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, horling thunderbolt and holding scepter and reins; L·A(NTE)S / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 238/1, Sydenham 451, RSC I...
(81) L. Appuleius Saturninus 101 (104)BC
Obverse: head of Roma left wearing winged helmet
Reverse: Saturn in quadriga right holding harpa and reins, P with dot above* and to the left L·SATVRN
Ref: Crawford 317/3a, SRCV I 193, Sydenh...
(82) L. Appuleius Saturninus 101 (104)BC
Obverse: head of Roma left wearing winged helmet
Reverse: Saturn in quadriga right holding harpa and reins ·T· L·SATVRN
Ref: Crawford 317/3a, SRCV I 193, Sydenh...
(83) L. Aurelius Cotta 102 (105)BC
Obverse: draped bust of Vulcan right wearing pileus; tongs left, all within myrtle wreath; (XVI) / X
Reverse: eagle on thunderbolt right, head left, all within laurel wreath; L·COT
Ref: Crawford 314/1b, Sydenham 577, RSC ...
(84) L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus 130 BC (128 BC)
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; (XVI)
Reverse: Pax in biga right, holding branch, reins and scepter, elephant head below; ROMA
Ref: Crawford 262/1, RSC I Caecilia 38, ...
Obverse: head of Saturn right, harpa left; PISO · CAEPIO· Q
Reverse: two questors seated left between two stalk of grain; AD·FRV·EMV / EX·S·C
Ref: Crawford 330/1b, SRCV I 210, Syden...
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right, trident behind, control mark A below chin.
Reverse: Warrior riding horse right, holding palm frond and reins, above a trident right. L PISO FRUGI and control mark R in two lines below.
Ref: Crawford 340/1, Sydenham 669f, Calp...
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, E / A
Reverse: Horseman holding palm branch galloping right L·PISO FRVGI / A
Ref: Crawford 340/1, RSC I Calpurnia 11,...
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right, club (control mark) in left field.
Reverse: Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm-branch, L PI - SO across fields, FRVGI in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 340/2e
AE Sextans Sardinia
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasos; ●●
Reverse: prow of galley right, fighting platform with club; ROMA / C /●●
Ref: Crawford 63/6, Sydenham 157d, BMCRR...
Obverse: laureate head of Jupiter left, dot over T behind
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt, holding reins and scepter L·SCIP·ASIAG
Ref: Crawford 311/1c, SRCV I 188, RSC I ...
(91) L. Cornelius Sulla 84-83 BC
Obverse: Head of Venus and Cupid holding palm branch
Reverse: IMPER ITERVM - Jug and Lituus between two trophies
Ref: Cr-359/2, Syd-761, Cornelia 29
Obverse: diademed and draped bust of Libertas right, pileus behind; S·C__MENSOR
Reverse: helmeted warrior right in biga holding spear and reins asisting citizen togate into biga; II / L·FARSVLEI
Ref: Crawford 392/1b; Sydenham 789; Fars...
(93) L. Flaminius Chilo I 107 (109-108)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA X
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding wreath and reins L·FLAMINI CILO
Ref: Crawford 302/1, SRCV I 179, RSC I F...
(94) L. Flaminius Chilo I 109-108 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X below chin, ROMA behind
Reverse: Victory driving biga right, L FLAMINI below, CILO in exergue
Ref: Crawford 302/1; RSC Flaminia 1; Sea...
Obverse: Bust of Ceres right, between wheat-ear and barley corn; III-VIR across fields, BROCCHI below.
Reverse: Curule chair between fasces, L•FVRI CN•F above.
Ref: Crawford 414/1
Obverse: female (Pietas or Clementia?) head right wearing oak-wreath, cruciform earring, necklace and jewel above her ear, hair collected into a knot behind, and falling down her neck
Reverse: Victory running right, holding caduceus, Gallic trophy and palm fronds, L·HOSTILI
Ref: Crawford 448/2, Sydenham 951, BMCRR...
Obverse: Bare head of Gallia (or Pallor?) right, wearing long, dissheveled hair; carnyx to left.
Reverse: Diana (Artemis) standing facing, laureate, wearing long hair falling down her shoulders and long flowing robes, holding spear in left hand and stag by its antlers in her right; SASERNA upward around left, L • HOSTILIVS downward to right
Ref: Crawford 448/3
(98) L. Iteius 149 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.
Reverse: The Dioscuri riding right; L•ITI below, ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 209/1
(99) L. Julius Bursio 85 BC
Obverse: laureate and winged male head right, trident and poppy stem left
Reverse: Victory in quadriga right, holding wreath and reins; HV / L·IVLI·BVRSIO
Ref: Crawford 352/1c, Syd. 728e
(100) L. Julius I 146 (141)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet XVI
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right holding spears and reins; stars over their heads L·I(VL)I ROMA
Ref: Crawford 224/1, SRCV I 100, Sydenha...
(101) L. Julius II 98 (101)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, stalk of grain left
Reverse: Victory in biga right L·IVLI
Ref: Crawford 323/1, Julia SRCV I 201, S...
(102) L. Lucretius Trio 74 (76)BC
Obverse: radiate head of Sol right
Reverse: crescent moon, 7 stars around - Septem triones (Ursa Major), TRIO / L·LVCRETI
Ref: Crawford 390/1, SRCV I 321, Sydenha...
Obverse: bust of Roma right wearing winged helmet PRO Q L MANLI
Reverse: Sulla right in quadriga holding caduceus and reins, Victory flying right holding wreath L·SVLLA·IM
Ref: Crawford 367/5, SRCV I 286, RSC I M...
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Reverse: Marsyas standing left, raising hand and holding wineskin over shoulder; L•CENSOR downwards in left field; column surmounted by statue of Minerva(?) in right field.
Ref: Crawford 363/1d
(105) L. Marcius Censorinus 83 (82)BC
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: Marsyas standing left, rising hand, holding with wine skin over shoulder; column topped with Victory behind L·CENSOR
Ref: Crawford 363/1, SRCV I 281, Sydenha...
(106) L. Marcius Philippus 57 (56)BC
Obverse: diademed head of Ancus Marcius to right, lituus behind, ANCVS
Reverse: equestrian statue right on 5 archs of aquaduct (Aqua Marcia), flower below, PHILIPPVS / A-Q-V-A-(MAR)
Ref: Crawford 425/1, SRCV I 382, Sydenha...
Obverse: Head of Ancus Marcius right, wearing diadem; lituus behind, ANCVS below
Reverse: Aqueduct on which stands equestrian statue, flower at horse’s feet; PHILIPPVS to left, AQVA MAR ligate within arches of aqueduct
Ref: Crawford 425/1; RSC Marcia 28; Sear...
(108) L. Marcius Q.f. Q.n. Philippus 113 (113-112)BC
Obverse: helmet, diademed bust of Philip V king of Macedon right with goat's horns (ROMA) Φ
Reverse: equestrian statue right, holding laurel branch, flower below L·PHILIPPVS (XVI)
Ref: Crawford 293/1, SRCV I 170, Sydenha...
(109) L. Minucius 132 (133)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet (XVI)
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right holding thunderbolt, reins and scepter ROMA L·MINVCIV
Ref: Crawford 248/1, SRCV I 125, Sydenha...
Obverse: radiate draped bust of Sol facing slightly right
Reverse: two statues of Venus Cloacina standing on platform, L·MVSSIDIVS·LONGVS / CLOACIN
Ref: Crawford 494/43, RSC I Mussidia 7, ...
(111) L. Papius 78 (79)BC
Obverse: head of Juno Sospita right waering goat skin; bucket behind
Reverse: Gryphon springing right; jug below L.PAPI
Ref: Crawford 384/1 (symbol 11); Sydenha...
(112) L. Papius Celsus 45 BC
Obverse: head of Juno Sospita right wearing goat skin
Reverse: wolf right placing stick on fire, eagle left fanning flames with its wings, CELSVS·III·VIR / L.PAPIVS
Ref: Crawford 472/1, RSC I Papia 2
(113) L. Plautius Hypsaeus 195-190 BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding right on horses holding stears and reins; stars over their pilei (LPLH) ROMA
Ref: Crawford 134/1b; RSC Plautia 1; Syd...
Obverse: Facing mask of Medusa with disheveled hair, coiled serpents at either side of face; L PLAVTIVS below.
Reverse: Aurora, winged and draped, flying right, head facing slightly left, holding reins and palm branch, conducting the four rearing horses of the sun; PLANCVS below.
Ref: Crawford 453/1a
Obverse: facing head Medusa wearing hoop earrings; L·PLAVTIVS
Reverse: Aurora flying right with head slightly left conducting 4 horses; PLANCVS
Ref: Crawford 453/1c, SRCV I 429, Sydenh...
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, L·POMPON MOLO
Reverse: Numa Pompilius holding litus, standing right before altar preparing to sacrifice a goat which is being held by a youth NV(MA)·PO(MP)IL
Ref: Crawford 334/1, SRCV I 214, RSC I P...
(117) L. Porcius Licinus 120-119 (118)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; L·PORCI LICI (XVI)
Reverse: naked Gallic warrior riding in biga right, holding spear, reins, shield and carnyx; L·LIC·CN·DOM
Ref: Crawford 282/5, SRCV I 158, Sydenha...
(118) L. Procilius L.f. 80 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Jupiter right, S·C
Reverse: Juno Sospita standing right, wearing goat skin, holding spear and shield; snake to the right, L.PROCILI / F
Ref: Crawford 379/1, SRCV I 306, Sydenha...
(119) L. Procilius L.f. 80 BC
Obverse: head of Juno Sospita right wearing goat skin, S·C
Reverse: Juno Sospita in biga right holding spear, reins and shield, snake below, L.PROCILI.F
Ref: Crawford 379/2, SRCV I 307, Sydenha...
Obverse: head of Jupiter; scepter behind DOSSEN
Reverse: Triumphal chariot with thunderbolt as decoration on side panel decorated; Victory flying right above chariot, holding wreath L.RVBRI
Ref: Crawford 348/1, SRCV I 258, Sydenha...
(121) L. Rustius 74 (76)BC
Obverse: helmeted head of young Mars right; S·C _ (XVI)
Reverse: ram right; L·RVSTI
Ref: Crawford 389/1, SRCV I 320, Sydenha...
(122) L. Rutilius Flaccus 76 (77)BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Roma right, FLAC
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding wreath and reins, L·RVTILI
Ref: Crawford 387/1, SRCV I 318, Sydenha...
(123) L. Scribonius Libo 67 (62)BC
Obverse: diademed head of Bonus Eventus right; BON·EVENT / LIBO
Reverse: Puteal Scribonianum ornamented with garland and two lyres, hammer at base; PVTEAL / SCRIBON
Ref: Crawford 416/1a, RSC I Scribonia 8a...
(124) L. Sempronius Pitio 149 (148)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet PITIO X
Reverse: Dioscuri right riding on horses, stars over pilei, each holding spear reins L·SE(MP) ROMA
Ref: Crawford 216/1, SRCV I 91, Sydenham...
(125) L. Sempronius Pitio 149 (148)BC
Obverse: head of Minerva right wearing crested helmet; ●●●●
Reverse: prow of galley right; L·SE(MP) / ●●●● / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 216/4
(126) L. Thorius Balbus 105 BC
Obverse: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress; I•S•M•R. behind
Reverse: Bull charging right, X above, L•THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue
Ref: Crawford 316/1; RSC Thoria 1; Sear ...
(127) L. Thorius Balbus 105 BC
Obverse: Juno of Lanuvium, wearing goat's skin to right, I•S•M•R behind.
Reverse: Bull charging to right, L THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue, X above.
Ref: Crawford 316/1, Sydenham 594, Thori...
(128) L. Thorius Balbus 105 BC
Obverse: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing horned goat skin headdress, I.S.M.R downward behind
Reverse: Bull charging right, E (control letter) above, L.THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue
Ref: SRCV I 192, Sydenham 598, Crawford ...
(129) L. Thorius Balbus 102 (105)BC
Obverse: head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress I·S·M·R (Ivno Seispes Mater Regina)
Reverse: bull charging right B L·THORIVS BALBVS
Ref: Crawford 316/1, SRCV I 192, Sydenha...
Obverse: head of king Titus Tatius right, palm branch right A·PV / SABIN
Reverse: two Roman soldiers running left, each bearing a Sabine woman in his arms L·TITVRI
Ref: Crawford 344/1c; Sydenham 698b; Tit...
Obverse: head of king Tatius right SABIN
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding wreath and reins L·TITVRI, controlmark in exergue (trophy?)
Ref: Crawford 344/3, Sydenham 700, RSC I...
(132) Luceria 211-200 BC
Obverse: Veiled and wreathed head of Ceres right, ●●
Reverse: Scallop shell, LO / VCERI
Ref: HN Italy 681, SNG ANS 708, SNG BnF ...
Obverse: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion’s skin; behind, three pellets and below neck truncation club.
Reverse: Prow right; before, three pellets, above M·ABVRI MF / GEM, and below, ROMA.
Ref: Crawford 250/2, Sydenham 488, Aburi...
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet GEM (XVI)
Reverse: Sol in quadriga right holding whip and reins M·(AB)(VR)I ROMA
Ref: Crawford 250/1, SRCV I 127, Sydenha...
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; GEM behind, XVI monogram below chin
Reverse: Sol in quadriga right, holding reins and whip; M•ABVRI below horses, ROMA in exergue
Ref: Crawford 250/1; RSC Aburia 6; Sear ...
(136) M. Acilius M.f. 133 (130)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet (XVI), legend between two circles of dots; M·ACILIVS·M·F·
Reverse: Hercules in slow quadriga right holding club and trophy; ROMA
Ref: Crawford 255/1, SRCV I 131, Sydenha...
(137) M. Aemilius Scaurus | P. Plautius Hypsaeus 58 BC
Obverse: Aretas, king of Nabatea, kneeling beside camel raising olive branch with fillet M SCAVR / AED CVR / EX S C / REX ARETAS
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga left, holding reins and thunderbolt, scorpion right P HYPSAE / AED CVR / CAPT / C HYPSAE COS / PREIVE
Ref: Crawford 422/1b, SRCV I 379, Sydenh...
(138) M. Atilius Saranus 148 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, X (mark of value) below chin, SARAN behind.
Reverse: The Dioscuri on horseback riding right. Below horses, M•ATILI and ROMA in linear border in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 214/1b, Sydenham 398, Atil...
(139) M. Atilius Saranus 155-150 (148)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; SAR(AN) / X
Reverse: Dioscuri on horses riding right, stars over pilei, holding spear and reins; M·ATILI / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 214/1a, Sydenham 398a, RSC...
(140) M. Baebius Q.f. Tampilus 136 (137)BC
Obverse: head of Roma left wearing winged helmet TAMPIL X
Reverse: Apollo in quadriga right holding branch and reins, bow and arrow ROMA M·BAEBI·Q·F
Ref: Crawford 236/1, BMCRR I Rome 935, S...
(141) M. Barbatius Pollio | Marcus Antonius | Octavian 41 BC
Obverse: head of Mark Antony right, M·ANT·I(MP)·(AV)G·III·VIR·R·P·C·M·BARBAT·Q·P
Reverse: head of Octavian Caesar right, CAESAR·IMP·PONT·III·VIR·R·P·C·
Ref: Crawford 517/2, RSC I Mark Antony a...
(142) M. Cipius M.f. 114 (115-114)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet M·CIPI·M·F X
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding palm branch and reins; rudder below ROMA
Ref: Crawford 289/1, SRCV I 166, RSC I C...
(143) M. Fannius C.f. 121 (123)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA X
Reverse: Victory in quadriga right holding reins and palm branch M·F(AN)·C·F
Ref: Crawford 275/1, SRCV I 150, Sydenha...
Obverse: laureate head of Janus M·FOVRI·L·F
Reverse: Roma standing left, transverse long scepter in left hand, with right hand placing wreath on trophy of captured Gallic arms with carnyx and shield on each side, star above ROMA (PHI)LI
Ref: Crawford 281/1, SRCV 156, Sydenham ...
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, ass's head to left; X (mark of value) below chin.
Reverse: The Dioscuri riding right; M•IVNI below, ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 220/1
(146) M. Junius Brutus 54 BC
Obverse: LIBERTAS, Head of Libertas facing right
Reverse: BRVTVS, The consul L. Junius Brutus walking left between two lictors preceded by an accensus
Ref: RSC Junia 31; BMC 3861; Syd. 906; C...
(147) M. Junius Brutus 54 BC
Obverse: head of Libertas right with hair rolled wearing drop pendant earring and necklace; LIBERTAS
Reverse: L. Junius Brutus between two lictors left, accensus in front of them; BRVTVS
Ref: Crawford 433/1, Sydenham 906, RSC I...
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet all within wreath PV
Reverse: Victory in biga left, holding whip and reins RVF M·LVCILI
Ref: Crawford 324/1, SRCV I 202, Sydenha...
(149) M. Marcius Mn.f. 133 BC (134 BC)
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; modius to the left; (XVI)
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding whip and reins; two heads of grain below; M__(MAR)_C / RO_MA
Ref: Crawford 245/1, Sydenham 500, RSC I...
(150) M. Marcius Mn.f. 134 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, X below chin, modius behind
Reverse: Victory in biga right, M MAR C / RO MA below divided by two ears of corn
Ref: Syd 500 Sear 122 Craw 245/1
(151) M. Nonius Sufenas 56 (59)BC
Obverse: head of Saturn right, harpa and conical stone left; S·C SVFENAS
Reverse: Victory standing left holding wreath and palm, crowning Roma seated left on pile of arms holding scepter and sword; ·PR·L ·V· P·F / SEX·NONI
Ref: Crawford 421/1, SRCV I 377, Sydenh...
Obverse: Bust of 'Vacuna' right, wearing a wreathed and crested helmet, bow and quiver on shoulder; cornucopiae below chin, CESTIANVS behind, S•C before
Reverse: Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left; M• PLAETORIVS M•F•AED•CVR around
Ref: Crawford 409/1; RSC Plaetoria 4; Se...
(153) M. Porcius Cato 91 (89)BC
Obverse: head of young Bacchus or Liber right wearing ivy wreath, M·C(AT)O R
Reverse: Victory seated right, holding patera and palm VIC(TR)IX
Ref: Crawford 343/2b, SRCV I 248, Sydenh...
Obverse: head of Bacchus or Liber right wearing ivy wreath; M·C(AT)O·PRO·PR
Reverse: seated Victory right holding patera and palm; VIC(TR)IX
Ref: Crawford 462/2, SRCV I 1383, Sydenh...
Obverse: draped bust Roma or Libertas rirgt; M·CATO·PRO·PR
Reverse: Victory seated right, holding patera and palm; VIC(TR)IX
Ref: Crawford 462/1c, SRCV 1381, RSC I P...
(156) M. Sergius Silus 116 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma facing right; EX SC before; ROMA * behind.
Reverse: Horseman galloping to the left; holding sword and severed head in hand; Q and M SERGI below; SILUS in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 286/1, Sydenham 534, Sergi...
(157) M. Sergius Silus 115 (116-115)BC
Obverse: bust of Roma right wearing winged helmet; ROMA (XVI) _ EX·S·C
Reverse: moneyer's grandfather as horseman left wearing helmeted, holding sword and severed Gallic head; Q / M·SERGI / SILVS
Ref: Crawford 286/1, RSC I Sergia 1, Syd...
(158) M. Tullius 120 BC
Obverse: ROMA, helmeted head of Roma right
Reverse: M·TVLLI, Victory driving quadriga right, holding reigns and palm, wreath above, X below horses
Ref: Crawford 280/1; Sydenham 531; RSC T...
(159) M. Tullius 119 (120)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA
Reverse: Victory in quadriga right holding reins and palm branch; wreath above X M·TVLLI
Ref: Crawford 280/1, SRCV I 155, Sydenha...
(160) M. Vargunteius 131 (130)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet M·(VAR)G (XVI)
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding branch and thunderbolt ROMA
Ref: Crawford 257/1, SRCV I 133, Sydenha...
(161) M. Volteius M.f. 77 (78)BC
Obverse: laureate head Jupiter right
Reverse: tetrastyle temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, thunderbolt in pediment, M·VOLTEI·M·F
Ref: Crawford 385/1, SRCV I 312, Sydenha...
(162) M. Volteius M.f. 77 (78)BC
Obverse: head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin
Reverse: Erymanthian Boar right, M·VOLTEI·M·F
Ref: Crawford 385/2, SRCV I 313, Sydenha...
(163) Marcus Antonius 32 B.C.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR RPC
Reverse: LEG V
Ref: None provided
(164) Marcus Antonius 38-37 BC
AE As Achaea
Obverse: M•ANT•IMP•TERT•COS•DESIG•ITER•ET•III•VIR•RPC - Jugate busts of Mark Antony and Octavia right.
Reverse: M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PR PRAEF CLASS F C - Galley right, below A.
Ref: RPC I 1470
(165) Marcus Antonius 32-31 BC
Obverse: galley right, mast with banners at prow, ANT·AVG / III ·VIR·R·P·C
Reverse: legionary aquila between two standards, LEG X?
Ref: Crawford 544/?
(166) Marcus Antonius 32-31 BC
Obverse: galley right, mast with banners at prow, ANT·AVG / III ·VIR·R·P·C
Reverse: legionary aquila between two standards, LEG_II ?
Ref: Crawford 544/14?
(167) Marcus Antonius 38-37 BC
AE Semis Syria
Obverse: M•ANT•TER•COS•DES• ITER•ET•TER•III•VIR•R•P•C, bare head right.
Reverse: L•BIBVLVS•M•F•PR•DESIG, quinquereme right, with three oars and stern ending in boar's head left.
Ref: RPC I 4092
(168) Marcus Antonius | Octavian 37 BC
Obverse: Α Γ Ω N Ο Θ Ε Σ Ι Α, Bust of Agonotheseia right.
Reverse: ANT KAI within wreath
Ref: RPC I 1552. SNG ANS 819. SNG Copenh...
(169) Marsic Confederation 89 BC
Obverse: Laureate head of Italia left; VITELIV ( = ITALIA) retrograde in Oscan script behind.
Reverse: Soldier standing facing, head right, left foot on lorica, holding inverted spear in right hand and sword in left; to right, recumbent bull facing, head right; I in exergue.
Ref: Campana group 9b, 141 (D97/R118).
(170) Matienus 180-170 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Janus I
Reverse: prow of galley right; (MAT) / I / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 162/3a
(171) Metellus Scipio 47-46 BC
AR Denarius Africa | Utica
Obverse: G T A above, Q METEL PIVS right, SCIPIO IMP left, the Genius of Africa (Sekhmet the lion-headed Egyptian goddess) standing facing, holding ankh in right hand
Reverse: P CRASSVS IVN right, LEG PRO P R left - Victory standing left, holding winged caduceus in right hand, small round shield in left
Ref: RSC Caecilia 51
(172) Metellus Scipio | M. Eppius 47-46 BC
Obverse: head of Africa right, laureate and clad in elephant scalp, stalk of grain right, plough below; Q·METELL__SCIPIO·IMP
Reverse: naked Herakles facing, leaning on club set on rock draped with lion's skin; EPPIVS__LEG·F·C
Ref: Crawford 461/1, SRCV I 1380/1 (larg...
(173) Mn. Acilius Balbus 125 BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, all within wreath B(AL)BVS (XVI) ROMA
Reverse: Jupiter and Victory in quadriga right. Jupiter holding thunderbolt and scepter. Victory holding whip and reins. Macedonian shield below. (MN).ACILI
Ref: Crawford 271/1, RSC I Acilia 1,Syd...
Obverse: SALVTIS, Laureate head of Salus right.
Reverse: MN ACILIVS / III VIR VALETV. Valetudo standing left, holding serpent and leaning upon column to right.
Ref: Crawford 442/1a; CRI 16.
(175) Mn. Aemilius Lepidus 113 (114-113)BC
Obverse: laureate, diademed and draped bust of Roma right RO(MA) (XVI)
Reverse: equestrian statue on aquaduct right, holding vertical spear, standing on 3 archs of aquaduct (Aqua Marcia) (MN)·AEMILIO· L-E-P
Ref: Crawford 291/1, SRCV I 168, Sydenha...
(176) Mn. Aquillius 106?(109-108)BC
Obverse: radiate head of Sol right, X
Reverse: Luna in biga right, crescent and three stars above, star below; (MN)·AQVIL / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 303/1, Sydenham 557, BMCRR...
(177) Mn. Cordius Rufus 46 BC
Obverse: conjoined heads of the Dioscuri with laureate pilei right, stars above, RVFVS III VIR
Reverse: Venus Verticordia standing left, holding scales and scepter, Cupid on her shoulder, (MN)·CORDI
Ref: Crawford 463/1b, SRCV I 440, RSC I ...
(178) Mn. Cordius Rufus c. 46 BC.
Obverse: RVFVS·III·VIR Conjoined heads right of the Dioscuri, each wearing pileus surmounted by a star.
Reverse: MN. CORDIVS Venus Verticordia standing left, holding scales and scepter; on her shoulder, Cupid.
Ref: Crawford 463/1a
(179) Mn. Fonteius 111 (108-107)BC
Obverse: laureate conjoined heads of Dioscuri right with star above each head; (XVI)
Reverse: war galley half right; MN·FO(NTE)I / : / G
Ref: Crawford 307/1c
(180) Mn. Fonteius C.f. 85 BC
Obverse: Laureate head of Vejovis (or Apollo) right; MN•FONTEI behind; ROMA monogram below chin; thunderbolt below neck.
Reverse: Infant winged Genius (or Cupid) seated on goat standing right; pilei of the Dioscuri above; thyrsus with fillet in exergue; all within laurel wreath.
Ref: Crawford 353/1a, Sydenham 724, Font...
(181) Mn. Fonteius C.f. 85 BC
Obverse: MN FONTEI CF, laureate head of Apollo (or Vejovis) right; thunderbolt below
Reverse: Infant Genius (or Cupid) seated on goat right; pilei of the Dioscuri above; below, thrysus right; all within wreath
Ref: RRC 353/1c; Sear 271
(182) Mn. Fonteius C.f. 85 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Vejovis right, thunderbold below, (MN)·FO(NT)EI C·F (ROMA)
Reverse: Cupid seated on goat right, caps of the Dioscuri above, thyrsus of Bacchus in exergue, all within laurel wreath
Ref: Crawford 353/1a, RSC I Fonteia 9, S...
(183) Octavian 27-29 BC
AR Quinarius Unknown mint
Obverse: CAESAR IMP•VII – Head of Octavian.
Reverse: ASIA RECEPTA – Victory draped, standing looking left, holding wreath in right hand. On cista mystica between two snakes
Ref: RIC 276, RSC 14
(184) Octavian 29-27 BC
Obverse: CAESAR IMP VII, Bare head of Octavian facing right
Reverse: ASIA RECEPTA, Victory standing facing left, holding wreath and palm, on top of cista mystica, serpents at left and right
Ref: RIC I (2nd Ed.) Augustus 276; RSC I...
(185) Octavian 32-29 BC
Fourree Denarius Unknown mint
Obverse: Bust of Venus facing right, wearing stephane and necklace
Reverse: CAESAR DIVI F, Octavian in military dress, cloak flying behind, advancing left, right arm extended, left hand holding transverse spear
Ref: RIC I (2nd Ed.) Augustus 251; RSC I...
(186) Octavian 29-27 BC
AR Denarius Unknown mint
Obverse: Bare head of Octavian facing right
Reverse: IMP CAESAR, Facing head of Octavian on ithyphallic boundary stone of Jupiter Terminus, winged thunderbolt below
Ref: RIC I (2nd Ed.) Augustus 269a; RSC ...
(187) Octavian summer 37 BC
Obverse: head right, IMP·CAESAR DIVI·F·III·VIR·ITER·R·P·C
Reverse: sacrificial implements: simpulum (ladle), aspergillum (sprinker), ewer (jug), lituus (augural wand), COS·ITER·ET·TER·DESIG
Ref: Crawford 538/1, SRCV I 1544, RSC I ...
(188) Octavian ca. 38 BC
AE unit Italia
Obverse: CAESAR DIVI F, Bare head of Octavian facing right
Reverse: DIVOS IVLIVS, Head of Julius Caesar facing right, wearing laurel wreath
Ref: RPC I 620
(189) Octavian 37 BC
AR Denarius Southern or Central Italy
Obverse: IMP CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER R P C, Bare head of Octavian with light mourning beard, facing right
Reverse: COS ITER ET TER DESIG, Pontifical emblems: simpulum, aspergillum, jug, and lituus
Ref: RSC 91; Cr 538/1; Syd 1334
(190) Octavian 30-29 BC
AR Denarius Italy | Rome?
Obverse: Bare head of Octavian facing right
Reverse: IMP CAESAR, A naval and military trophy consisting of the weapons and armor of a defeated enemy on a tree trunk on top of a prow of a captured galley with crossed anchor and rudder
Ref: RIC I (Second Edition) 265a; RSC 11...
(191) Octavian 43 BC
AR Denarius Military Mint in Cisalpine Gaul
Obverse: C·CAESAR·IMP, Bare head of Octavian facing right
Reverse: Equestrian statue with Octavian, facing left; S·C in exergue
Ref: RSC Augustus 246; BMC Gaul 81; Syd....
(192) Octavian? 30 BC?
AE Uncertain Asia Minor
Obverse: Bare head of Octavian? facing right
Reverse: Fiscus, sella quaestoria, and hasta; Q below
Ref: RPC I 5409
(193) P. Aelius Paetus 143 (138)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right holding spears and reins; stars over their heads P·PAETVS ROMA
Ref: Crawford 233/1, SRCV I 110, Sydenha...
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind
Reverse: Diana Lucifera standing half right holding torch in each hand, P·CLODIVS / M·F
Ref: Crawford 494/21, SRCV I 492, RSC I ...
AR Denarius Unknown mint
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind
Reverse: Diana standing facing, with bow and quiver over shoulder, holding lighted torch in each hand
Ref: Syd 1117, Cr494/23
Obverse: Bust of Hercules right, seen from behind; wearing lion skin; club over shoulder; shield in left field; I (control mark) in right field; P•E•S•C below.
Reverse: Roma facing, holding spear, being crowned by Genius of the Roman People right; I (control mark) in left field, LENT•MAR•F in exergue; all within laurel-wreath.
Ref: Crawford 329/1d
Obverse: bust of Hercules right from behind, wearing lion's skin, club over shoulder; shield left, dot above and below G
Reverse: Roma facing wearing helmet, holding spear is crowned by Genius standing left, holding wreath and cornucopia, all within laurel wreath, dot above and below G, LE(NT)·(MAR)·F
Ref: Crawford 329/1b, RSC I Cornelia 25a...
Obverse: head of Hercules right, Q·S·C
Reverse: Genius Populi Romani facing, seated on curule chair, with right foot on globe, holding cornucopia and scepter; Victory flying and crowning Genius, holding wreath and palm, P·LENT·P·F L·N
Ref: Crawford 397/1; Sydenham 791; Corne...
(199) P. Cornelius P.f. Sulla 155-150 (151)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding whip and reins, P.S(VL)A / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 205/1 ,SRCV I 84, RSC I Co...
(200) P. Crepusius 83 BC (82 BC)
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scepter to the left, star to the right; A
Reverse: horseman galloping right, hurling spear; CCCXXXXI / P·CREPVSI
Ref: Crawford 361/1c, SRCV I 283, Sydenh...
Obverse: Turreted head of Cybele right; behind, to left AED•CVR downwards; foot pointing upwards.
Reverse: Curule chair inscribed P•FOVRIVS; CRASSIPES in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 356/1a
(202) P. Licinius Nerva 112 (113-112)BC
Obverse: bust of Roma left wearing helmet, holding spear and shield decorated with horseman; crescent above ROMA (XVI)
Reverse: two citizens casting ballots in the Comitium, attendant handing voting tablet to one citizen, screen behind surmounted by marker with initial "P" representing the voting tribe P·(NE)RVA
Ref: Crawford 292/1, SRCV I 169, Sydenha...
(203) P. Maenius M.f. Antiaticus 133 (132)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet (XVI)
Reverse: Victory in quadriga right holding wreath and reins P·(MAE) (ANT) ROMA
Ref: Crawford 249/1, SRCV I 126, RSC I M...
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, XVI monogram behind
Reverse: Victory driving quadriga right, P•MAE ANT (ligate) below; ROMA in exergue
Ref: Crawford 249/1; RSC Maenia 7; Sear ...
(205) P. Porcius Laeca 107 (110-109)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA / P L(AE)CA X
Reverse: magistrate standing left in military dress with hand raised, citizen in toga before him, attendant behind magistrate with rod in right and two rods in left PROVOCO
Ref: Crawford 301/1, SRCV I 178, Sydenha...
(206) P. Satrienus 76 (77)BC
Obverse: helmeted head of young Mars right, XVI
Reverse: she-wolf prowling left, ROMA / P. SATRIE / NVS
Ref: Crawford 388/1b, SRCV I 319, Sydenh...
(207) P. Servilius M.f. Rullus 96 (100)BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Minerva left RVLLI
Reverse: Brockage - incuse obverse
Ref: Crawford 328/1, SRCV I 207, Sydenha...
(208) P. Servilius M.f. Rullus 96 (100)BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Minerva left RVLLI
Reverse: Victory in biga right, holding palm branch P. SERVILI.M.F
Ref: Crawford 328/1, SRCV I 207, Sydenha...
Obverse: eagle on thunderbolt half right; PETILLIVS / CAPITOLINVS
Reverse: hexastyle temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus (Roman Capitol), richly decorated roof; F__S
Ref: Crawford 487/2b; SRCV I 486, RSC I ...
(210) Q. Antonius Balbus 83-82 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Jupiter right, S·C / Q·
Reverse: Victory riding in quadriga right, holding wreath, reins and palm branch, Q·(ANT)O·B(AL)B / PR
Ref: Crawford 364/1a, SRCV I 279, Sydenh...
AR Denarius Military Mint | Gallia Cisalpina
Obverse: diademed head of Pietas right, hair tied in a knot, and wearing earring; stork right
Reverse: elephant left, bell hanging from its neck Q·C·M·P·I
Ref: Crawford 374/1, SRCV I 301, Sydenha...
AR Denarius Gallia Cisalpina
Obverse: Diademed head of Pietas ; stork in right field.
Reverse: Elephant walking left; Q•C•M•P•I in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 374/1
Obverse: head of young Jupiter (or Bonus Eventus or Genius Populi Romani)* right, scepter behind
Reverse: eagle on thunderbolt right, lituus on left and jug on right, Q·CASSIVS
Ref: Crawford 428/3, SRCV I 391, Sydenha...
(214) Q. Curtius | M. Junius Silanus 116 (116-115)BC
Obverse: Bust of Roma right wearing winged helmet Q·CVRT X
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, lituus above M SI(LA) ROMA
Ref: Crawford 285/2, Sydenham 537, RSC I...
(215) Q. Fabius Labeo 120 (124)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right waering winged helmet LABEO ROMA X
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding reins and scepter, hurling thunderbolt, rostrum tridens below Q·FABI
Ref: Crawford 273/1, SRCV I 148, Sydenha...
(216) Q. Fabius Labeo 120 (124)BC
Fourree Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet LABEO ROMA X
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding reins and scepter, hurling thunderbolt, rostrum tridens below Q·FABI
Ref: Crawford 273/1, SRCV I 148, Sydenha...
(217) Q. Lutatius Cerco 105 (109-108)BC
Obverse: head of young Mars right wearing crested and decorated Corinthian helmet; CERCO__ROMA / (XVI)
Reverse: war galley right, all within oak wreath; Q·L(VT)ATI / Q
Ref: Crawford 305/1, SRCV I 182, Sydenha...
AR Denarius Unknown mint
Obverse: Helmeted head of Mars left
Reverse: Q*TERM*MF below two warriors in combat, one on left protecting a fallen man
Ref: Syd 592, Cr319/1
Obverse: Head of Mars left, wearing crested helmet ornamented with plume and annulet.
Reverse: Two warriors fighting, each armed with sword in right hand and shield in left; the one on the left protects a fallen comrade; the other wears horned helmet; Q•THERM•MF in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 319/1
(220) Q. Minucius Rufus 120 (122)BC
Fourree Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet RVF X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, holding spear Q·MINV ROMA
Ref: Crawford 277/1, SRCV I 152, Sydenha...
(221) Q. Minucius Rufus 120 (122)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet RVF X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, holding spear Q·MINV ROMA
Ref: Crawford 277/1, SRCV I 152, Sydenha...
(222) Q. Opeimius 169-158 BC
Obverse: Laureate, bearded bust of Janus. I above
Reverse: Prow of Galley, right. OPEI above, I in right field. ROMA in exergue
Ref: Crawford 190/1, Sear 1111
(223) Q. Pompeius Rufus 54 BC
Obverse: curule chair, arrow left, laurel branch right; Q·POMPEI·Q·F / RVFVS / COS
Reverse: curule chair, lituus left, wreath right; SVLLA·COS / Q·POMPEI·RVF
Ref: Crawford 434/2, SRCV I 400, RSC I P...
(224) Q. Pomponius Musa 56 BC
Obverse: Laureate bust of Apollo (or Erato?) facing right with hair rolled back and in loose locks over the forehead, flower or rosette before ear and a flower on stalk (or a compound plectrum?) to left, possibly a lily.
Reverse: Erato, the Muse of Erotic Poetry, standing slightly right, habited in the stola — over which is the palla, — holding a kithara, and playing upon it with a simple plectrum held at her side; Q•POMPONI to left; MVSA to right.
Ref: Crawford 410/7b corr. (rev. type)
(225) Q. Sicinius | C. Coponius c. 49 BC
Obverse: diademed head of Apollo right; star below, Q·SICINIVS III·VIR
Reverse: Nemean lion's skin draped over club; arrow left; bow right, C·COPONIVS ·PR·S·C
Ref: Crawford 444/1a, RSC I 1, Sydenham ...
(226) Q. Titius 90 BC
Obverse: head of Mutinus Titinus (Priapus) right wearing winged diadem
Reverse: Pegasus jumping right Q·TITI
Ref: Crawford 341/1, SRCV I 238, Sydenha...
(227) Rome | Anonymous 217-215 BC
Obverse: head of Roma left wearing crested Corinthian helmet ●
Reverse: prow of galley right ROMA ●
Ref: Crawford 38/6, SRCV I 615, Sydenham...
(228) Rome | Anonymous 217-215 BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing crested Corinthian helmet
Reverse: prow of galley right ROMA
Ref: Crawford 38/8, SRCV I 624, Sydenham...
(229) Rome | Anonymous 211-206 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Saturn right S
Reverse: prow of galley right S ROMA
Ref: Crawford 056/03, McCabe G1
(230) Rome | Anonymous 211-208 BC
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasos ●●
Reverse: prow of galley right, fighting platform with club ROMA ●●
Ref: Crawford 056/06, McCabe F1.Sx.2 Luc...
(231) Rome | Anonymous 211-210 BC
AE Sextans Sicily
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasos ●●
Reverse: prow of galley right, fighting platform with club; grain ear above ROMA ●●
Ref: Crawford 72/8; Sydenham 195d; RBW 3...
(232) Rome | Anonymous 211-210 BC
Obverse: Laureate head of Janus I
Reverse: Prow of galley right I H ROMA
Ref: Crawford 085/02 H, Alb. 287, Syd. 1...
(233) Rome | Anonymous 211-208 BC
Obverse: Laureate head of bearded Janus I
Reverse: Prow of galley right, club above I ROMA
Ref: Crawford 89/3; Sydenham 213; sear5 ...
(234) Rome | Anonymous 206-195 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Janus I
Reverse: prow of galley right, Rostrum Tridens above I ROMA
Ref: Cr114/2, sear5 #660, Syd 245;
(235) Rome | Anonymous 206-195 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Jupiter right
Reverse: Victory standing right crowning trophy with wreath; thunderbolt between ROMA
Ref: Crawford 119/1, RSC I 24q, Sydenham...
(236) Rome | Anonymous 206-195 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Janus I
Reverse: prow of galley right, meta above I ROMA
Ref: Crawford 124/03
(237) Rome | Anonymous 170-158 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Janus I
Reverse: prow of galley right I ROMA
Ref: McCabe K1.As.1, related to the Craw...
(238) Rome | Anonymous 225-217 BC
Obverse: head of Hercules left wearing lion's skin ●●●
Reverse: prow of galley right ●●●
Ref: Crawford 35/4; Thurlow & Vecchi 54;...
(239) Rome | Anonymous 190-180 BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right holding spears and reins; stars over their pilei, ROMA
Ref: Crawford 139/01
(240) Rome | Anonymous 206-190 BC
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasos, ●●
Reverse: prow of galley right; ROMA / ●●
Ref: Crawford 056/06, McCabe J1.Sx.1
(241) Rome | Anonymous 211-210 BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; IIS
Reverse: Dioscuri on horses riding right holding spears and reins, stars over pilei; ROMA
Ref: Crawford 44/7
(242) Rome | Anonymous 157-156 BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; X
Reverse: Dioscuri on horses right, stars over pilei, holding spear and reins; ROMA
Ref: Crawford 198/01
(243) Rome | Anonymous 170-158 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Janus; I
Reverse: prow of galley right; (PT) / I / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 177/01
(244) Rome | Anonymous 209-208 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Janus; ― / CA
Reverse: prow of galley right, fighting platform decorated with club; I / CA / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 100/1c; Sydenham 309a
(245) Rome | Anonymous 208 BC
AE Triens Etruria
Obverse: head of Minerva right wearing crested helmet; ●●●●
Reverse: prow of galley right; ROMA / ●●●●
Ref: McCabe E1.Tr.1 (related to Crawford...
(246) Rome | Anonymous 211-210 BC
AR Quinarius Apulia
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing crested helmet
Reverse: Dioscuri on horses riding right, holding spear and reins, stars over pilei; ROMA
Ref: Crawford 102/2d
(247) Rome | Anonymous 211-206 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Jupiter right
Reverse: Victory right crowning trophy with wreath; RoMA
Ref: Crawford 53/1; Sydenham 83; RSC 9
(248) Rome | Anonymous 211-206 BC
AE Quadrans Sardinia?
Obverse: head of Hercules right wearing lion skin; ●●●
Reverse: prow of galley right ROMA; ●●●
Ref: Crawford cf. 56/5; RBW 210. Cf.; Mc...
(249) Rome | Anonymous c. 273-260 BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Minerva left
Reverse: horse head right with bridle; ROMANO
Ref: Crawford 17/1a; BMC Romano-Campania...
(250) Rome | Anonymous 209-208 BC
AR Denarius Sicily
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding right on horses, holding spear and reins, stars over pilei, staff below; ROMA
Ref: Crawford 78/1; Sydenham 283; RSC 20...
(251) Rome | Anonymous 209-208 BC
AE As Etruria
Obverse: laureate head of Janus; I
Reverse: prow of galley right; I / ROMA
Ref: McCabe E1.As.1 (related to Crawford...
(252) Rome | Anonymous 211-208 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Janus; I
Reverse: prow of galley right; I / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 056/02, McCabe D1 (related...
(253) Rome | Anonymous 211-208 BC
AE Sextans Sicilia
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasos; ●●
Reverse: prow of galley with corvus right, grain ear above; I< / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 069/06b; RBW 294
(254) Saxula 170-158 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Janus; I
Reverse: prow of galley right; S(AX) / I / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 180/1; Sydenham 361; Type...
(255) Sextus Pompey 38-37 BC
AR Denarius Sicily
Obverse: MAG. PIVS. IMP ITER, Pharos of Messana, surmounted by statue of Neptune standing facing right, holding trident in right hand and rudder in left, left foot on prow; in foreground, galley left; aquila on prow; scepter, trident, and grappling-iron in stern
Reverse: PRAEF. CLAS ET. ORAE. MARIT. EX. S.C, The monster Scylla facing left, her torso of dogs and fishes, wielding a rudder as a club with both hands
Ref: RSC I Sextus Pompey 2
(256) Sextus Pompey 37-36 BC
AR Denarius Sicily
Obverse: bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis (jug) to left, lituus to right, MAG·PIVS·IMP·ITER
Reverse: Neptune standing left, foot on prow, holding aplustre and chlamys; the brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions on either side, holding their parents on their shoulders, PRAEF / CLAS·ET·OR(AE) / (MAR)IT·EX·S·C
Ref: Crawford 511/3a, SRCV I 1392, RSC I...
(257) T. Annius Rufus 146 (144)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; X
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt and holding reins and scepter; (AN) R(VF) / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 221/1; Sydenham 413; Aurel...
(258) T. Carisius 46 BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing ornate helmet, ROMA
Reverse: cornucopia on celestial globe, scepter left, rudder right all within wreath, T·CARISI
Ref: Crawford 464/3a, RSC I Carisia 4, B...
(259) T. Carisius 46 BC
Obverse: Head of Juno Moneta right; MONETA downwards in left field.
Reverse: Implements for coining money: anvil die with garlanded punch die above, tongs and hammer on either side; T•CARISIVS above; all within laurel wreath.
Ref: Crawford 464/2
(260) T. Carisius 46 BC
Obverse: head of Sibyla Herophile right
Reverse: sphinx seated right; T·CARISIVS / III·VIR
Ref: Crawford 464/1, SRCV I 321, Sydenha...
(261) T. Cloulius (or Cloelius) I 129 (128)BC
Obverse: head of Roma wearing winged helmet, wreath left ROMA
Reverse: Victory in biga right, horses rearing, grain ear below T·CLOVLI
Ref: Crawford 260/1, SRCV I 136, Sydenha...