Megara - A settlement in Central Greece
Megara is a historic town and a municipality in West Attica, Greece. It lies in the northern section of the Isthmus of Corinth opposite the island of Salamis.

Megara was an early dependency of Corinth, in which capacity colonists from Megara founded Megara Hyblaea, a small polis north of Syracuse in Sicily. Megara then fought a war of independence with Corinth, and afterwards founded Chalcedon in 685 BC, as well as Byzantium (c. 667 BC).

Arguably the most famous citizen of Megara in antiquity was Byzas, the legendary founder of Byzantium in the 7th century BC. The 6th century BC poet Theognis also came from Megara. In the early 4th century BC, Euclid of Megara founded the Megarian school of philosophy which flourished for about a century, and which became famous for the use of logic and dialectic.

Modern location: Megara, Greece

(1) Achaean League c. 175-168 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus Amarios right
Reverse: lyre above (AX) monogram, all within wreath; ΔΩ_PO
Ref: BCD Peloponessos 27.1; McClean 6431...