Praeneste — A settlement in Latium
Praeneste is an ancient city about 35 kilometres east of Rome. Early burials show that the site was already occupied in the 8th or 7th century BC. The ancient necropolis lay on a plateau at the foot of the hill below the ancient town.

Its citizens were offered Roman citizenship in 90 BC in the Social War, when concessions had to be made by Rome to cement necessary alliances. In Sulla's second civil war, Gaius Marius the Younger was blockaded in the town by the forces of Sulla (82 BC). When the city was captured, Marius slew himself, the male inhabitants were massacred in cold blood, and a military colony was settled on part of its territory.

Under the Empire the cool breezes of Praeneste made it a favorite summer resort of wealthy Romans, whose villas studded the neighborhood, though they ridiculed the language and the rough manners of the native inhabitants. The poet Horace ranked "cool Praeneste" with Tibur and Baiae as favored resorts. The emperor Augustus stayed in Praeneste, and Tiberius recovered there from a dangerous illness and made it a municipium. The emperor Marcus Aurelius was at Praeneste with his family when his 7-year-old son Verus died.

Modern location: Palestrina, Italy
An AR Denarius Serratus struck 83 (82)BC in Praeneste | Rome
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasus caduceus behind

Reverse: Ulysses walking right, holding staff, dog Argus left; C·MAMIL__LIME(TA)N

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.1 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 362/1, SRCV I 282, Sydenham 741, RSC I Mamilia 6
An AR Denarius Serratus struck 82 (81)BC in Praeneste
Obverse: draped bust of Ceres with corn wreath right, running horse to the right, CAPIT.CXXXV

Reverse: ploughman conducting yoke of two oxen, CXXXV / C·MARI·C·F / S·C

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.06 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 378/1c, SRCV I 300, Sydenham 744b, RSC I Maria 9
An AR Denarius Serratus struck 80 BC in Praeneste | Rome
Obverse: draped bust of Roma right wearing Phrygian helmet with side feathers; ROMA / P

Reverse: naked Hercules left strangling Nemean lion; bow with arrows in quiver left, club below; C·POBLICI·Q·F / P

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 380/1, SRCV I 308, Sydenham 768, RSC I Poblicia 9
(4) C. Servilius | M. Caecilius Metellus
An AR Denarius struck 82-81 (82-80)BC in Praeneste | Rome
Obverse: head of Apollo right wearing taenia; ROMA__(XVI)

Reverse: Macedonin shield decorated with elephant head right, all within laurel wreath; M·METELLVS·Q·F·

Diameter: 16.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
restored issue struck under C. Servilius, winter 82-81 BC
Crawford 369/1; Sydenham 719; Caecilia 30