Argos - A settlement in Peloponnese
Argos is a city in Greece, and is one of the oldest continually inhabited sites in the world.

As a strategic location on the fertile plain of Argolis, Argos was a major stronghold during the Mycenaean era. In classical times Argos was a powerful rival of Sparta for dominance over the Peloponnese, but was eventually shunned by other Greek city-states after remaining neutral during the Greco-Persian Wars.

Argos was a democracy for most of the classical period, with only a brief hiatus between 418 and 416. Democracy was first established after a disastrous defeat by the Spartans at the battle of Sepeia in 494. So many Argives were killed in the battle that a revolution ensued, in which previously disenfranchised outsiders were included in the state for the first time.

Under Roman rule, Argos was part of the province of Achaea. Under Byzantine rule it was part of the theme of Hellas, and later of the theme of the Peloponnese.

Modern location: Argos, Greece

(1) Argos 125-80 BC
Obverse: forepart of dog
Reverse: big A, trident below; Δ _ A / MAP
Ref: BCD Peloponnesos 1145; SNG Copenhag...