Kolophon - A settlement in Ionia
Kolophon was an ancient city in Ionia. Founded around the turn of the first millennium BC, it was likely one of the oldest of the twelve cities of the Ionian League.

Colophon was renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle, until Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century BC. Colophon then went into decline and was eclipsed by neighbouring Ephesus and by the rising naval power of Ionia, Miletus.

In Roman times Kolophon continued the decline and lost its importance. In face, the name was transferred to the site of the port village of Notium.

Modern location: Değirmendere Fev, Turkey

(1) Alexander III | Philip III 322-319 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lion's skin right
Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, barleycorn under throne, spear-spike right AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Price 1751
(2) Antigones I c. 310-301 BC
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; N in left field; Σ below throne.
Ref: Price 1802
(3) Kolophon 520-500 BC
Obverse: head of Apollo right
Reverse: incuse square
Ref: SNG von Aulock 1810 var(head right)...
(4) Kolophon 450-410 BC
Obverse: head of Apollo facing
Reverse: incuse square; HM
Ref: Milne, Colophon 3; SNG Kayhan 355; ...
(5) Kolophon 320 - 294 BC
AE unit Kolophon
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: horse right; MHTPOΔΩPOΣ KOΛ
Ref: Cf. Kinns 125-32; SNG von Aulock 79...
(6) Kolophon 330-285 BC
AE unit Kolophon
Obverse: diademed head of Apollo right
Reverse: lyre, palm right; AKAΣTOΣ ? KO
Ref: obverse - something like: BMC 38; S...
(7) Kolophon 330-285 BC
AE unit Kolophon
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: rider holding spear pointed forwards & with chlamys flying behind, on horseback prancing right; KOΛ / APIΣTOΦANHΣ
Ref: Milne 129; Vienna 36616