Coins from Kingdom of Macedonia
Macedonia was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece.

The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. Home to the ancient Macedonians, the earliest kingdom was centered on the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula.

Before the 4th century BC, Macedonia was a small kingdom outside of the area dominated by the great city-states of Athens, Sparta, and Thebes, but during the reign of Philip II, Macedonia subdued mainland Greece and Thrace through conquest and diplomacy.

Philip II's son Alexander III the Great conquered territory that stretched as far as the Indus River. For a brief period, his Macedonian empire was the most powerful in the world.

Kingdom of Macedonia

(1) Alexander III 336-323 BC
AE unit Amphipolis
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck
Reverse: AΛEΞAN∆POY, quiver, bow and club
Ref: Price 273
(2) Alexander III 336 - 323 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck
Reverse: ALEXANDROU, club, bow and quiver
Ref: None provided
(3) Alexander III 325-323 BC
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles facing right, wearing lionskin headdress tied at neck
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on throne, facing left, eagle in right hand, scepter in left, legs uncrossed; AP monogram in left field
Ref: Price 3424 (Byblos)
(4) Alexander III 323-310 BC
AE unit Asia Minor
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: bow in quiver and club, torch below; BAΣIΛEΩΣ; countermark
Ref: Price 2800
(5) Alexander III 323-200 BC ?
AR Drachm Unknown mint
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin right countermark: Kalchedon ? - head of Demeter ?, bee below, (KA) right
Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: zum Gegenstempel vgl. Price, Alexan...
(6) Alexander III 323-319 BC
AE unit Miletos?
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin righ
Reverse: Bow in quiver and club; AΛEΞANΔPOY, ?
Ref: Price 2102?
(7) Alexander III c. 290-275 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter; grape bunch AΛEΞANΔPOY (ΠYPΦ)
Ref: Price 2322; HGC 6, 1134
(8) Alexander III 325-300? BC
AR Obol Unknown mint
Obverse: Head of young Herakles right, wearing lion's skin
Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: None provided
(9) Alexander III 325-310 B.C.
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Head of Herakles clad in lion scalp headress
Reverse: Bow and Case above B dot A ; with club below
Ref: Price 0376 a-d
(10) Alexander III 325-323 BC
Obverse: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress
Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and sceptre, monogram on left / AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Price 2121, Müller 847
(11) Alexander III 336-323 BC
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Reverse: Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter, bow to left
Ref: Price 3139
(12) Alexander III ca. 325 BC
AE unit Kourion
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles facing right, wearing lionskin headdress
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟY, Bowcase at top, club underneath inscription, laurel branch below
Ref: Price 3113
(13) Alexander III 336-323 AD
Obverse: Alexander III
Reverse: Zeus seated Left
Ref: None provided
(14) Alexander III 336-323 BC
AR Drachm Unknown mint
Obverse: Head of beardless Heracles right wearing lion skin headdress
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus seated on stool-throne left, eagle on outstretched right hand, sceptre in left hand
Ref: None provided
(15) Alexander III | Antigones I 315-311 BC
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter monogram in wreath: (HYP); monogram under throne: (XA) AΛEΞANΔPOY / BAΣIΛEΩΣ
Ref: Price 3723
(16) Alexander III | Antigones I c. 310-301 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lion's skin right
Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, forepart of pegasus left in the left field; AΛEΞANΔPOY / (NO)
Ref: Price 1382; Müller 612
(17) Alexander III | Antigones II 277-239 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lion skin right
Reverse: rider on horse right; B / A
Ref: SGCV II 6787
(18) Alexander III | Antipater 325-323/322 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle; cock left AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Price 79; Troxell, Studies, Issue E...
(19) Alexander III | Balakros 327-323 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, plow left; AΛEΞANΔPOY, · / Θ
Ref: Price 3019; vgl. SNG Oxford 2891; S...
(20) Alexander III | Kassander 317-314 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter boeotian shield left; snake under the throne, AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Price 249; SNG Copenhagen 728. Mull...
(21) Alexander III | Philip III 322-319 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lion's skin right
Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, barleycorn under throne, spear-spike right AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Price 1751
(22) Antigones I 306-301 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Macedonian shield, boss decorated with facing gorgoneion
Reverse: Crested Macedonian helmet
Ref: None provided
(23) Antigones I c. 310-301 BC
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; N in left field; Σ below throne.
Ref: Price 1802
(24) Antigones II 277-239 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: head of Athena with corinthian helmet right
Reverse: Pan erecting trophy; monograms: B upleft / A right / E left / (ANT) below (mirror N - usually is normal)
Ref: SNG Cop 1205 ff var
(25) Demetrius I Poliorketes 290-283 BC
AE unit Caria?
Obverse: Demetrios' head right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ∆ΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ, Prow right, BA above, AP monogram below, double axe before.
Ref: Newell 163, SNG Cop 1185, SNG Münch...
(26) Demetrius I Poliorketes 306-283 BC
AE unit Pella
Obverse: macedonian shield with (ΔHP)
Reverse: macedonian helmet; BA _ ΣI
Ref: SGCV II 6774, SNG Cop 1224, AMNG 1,...
(27) Demetrius I Poliorketes c. 301-294 BC
Obverse: Alexander III depicted as Heracles wearing the Nemean lion skin as a headdress
Reverse: Zeus seated on throne holding an eagle and a scepter; monograms to left and below throne; Greek text to right (AΛEΞANΔPOY) and below throne (ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ)
Ref: Hersh, Tyrus 5, dies II/b-f; HGC 3,...
(28) Kassander 319-297 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: ΚΑΣΣΑΝ∆ΡΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, tripod lebes
Ref: SNG Cop 1162
(29) Kassander 306-297 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: tripod; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / KAΣΣANΔPOY, (KA) down
Ref: AMNG 9; Weber 2162; Sear sg6755
(30) Kassander ca. 305-298 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Helmet with cheek-guard facing left
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAΣΣANΔΡOΥ, Spear head
Ref: SNG München 1035
(31) Kassander 317-305 BC
Obverse: young head of Herakles right wearing lion's skin
Reverse: lion reclining right, torch right; KAΣΣAN / ΔPOY / N
Ref: SNG München 991; SNG Alpha Bank 883...
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Σ in left field, AP monogram below throne.
Ref: Price 3316
(33) Macedon (Protectorate) c. 168-149 BC
Obverse: bust of Artemis Tauropolos right, bow and quiver on shoulder, all on Macedonian shield
Reverse: club within oak wreath, thunderbolt left; (AP) / MAKEΔONΩN / ΠPΩTHΣ
Ref: SNG Cop 1310 - 1311; SNG Ashmolean ...
(34) Macedonia 187-168 BC
AE unit Amphipolis
Obverse: head of rivergod Strymon right
Reverse: trident MAKE / ΔONΩN (ΩE) / (ME) / (H)
Ref: AMNG III, S. 37, 63; SNG Copenhagen...
(35) Macedonia 187-168 BC
AE unit Amphipolis
Obverse: head of rivergod Strymon right
Reverse: trident; MAKE / ΔONΩN (ΩE) / (ME) / (H)
Ref: AMNG III, S. 37, 63; SNG Copenhagen...
(36) Macedonia 187-168 BC
AE unit Amphipolis
Obverse: head of rivergod Strymon right
Reverse: ornamented wide trident; MAKE / ΔONΩN, (ΠΩP) / (NΔE)
Ref: AMNG III, S. 36, 54; SNG Copenhagen...
(37) Macedonia 187-168 BC
AE unit Pella
Obverse: diademed head of Poseidon right
Reverse: inscription above and below club, all in oak wreath; MAKE / ΔONΩN / ? / (HP)?
Ref: Laffaille323 var. BMC.52 Cop.1296
(38) Macedonia c. 185-168 BC
Obverse: head of Maenad right wreathed with vine leaves and grapes, wearing necklace and earrings
Reverse: stern of galley right, star above; MAKE / ΔONΩN, M?
Ref: SGCV I 1384, SNG Cop 1292
(39) Macedonia 179-168 BC
Obverse: head of Perseus (hero) right wearing winged helmet peaked with griffin head; harpa right
Reverse: eagle facing, head right; B_A / (ΠEP) / A (ΓH)
Ref: SNG Alpha Bank 1135-42 var.
(40) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Head of Apollo right
Reverse: Naked youth on horse right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY / (trident?)
Ref: SNG Cop - (cf 148), BMC - (cf 366),...
(41) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Head of Apollo right
Reverse: Naked youth on horse right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY / (Λ.)
Ref: Müller 129
(42) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: head of Apollo right
Reverse: naked youth on horse right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, ?
Ref: Sear #6696
(43) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Diademed head of Apollo right
Reverse: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ. Youth on horse rearing right. Control: Below, spearhead right
Ref: SNG ANS 850-1
(44) Philip II 359 - 336 BC
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: Youth on horseback right, holding palm frond
Ref: None provided
(45) Philip III c. 323 - 319 BC
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress
Reverse: ΦIΛIΠΠOY / Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg forward, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, monogram below throne
Ref: Price P57, Müller Alexander P89a, S...
(46) Philip III c. 323-317 BC
Obverse: Alexander III depicted as Heracles wearing the Nemean lion skin as a headdress
Reverse: Zeus seated on throne holding an eagle and scepter; wheel to left; monogram below throne; Greek text to right (ΦΙΛΙΠΠOY) and below throne (ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ)
Ref: Price P200
(47) Philip II | Philip III 323-315 BC
Obverse: head of Apollo wearing tainia right
Reverse: horseman riding right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, M in wreath
Ref: Le Rider pl. 45, 33; SNG ANS 625-7;...
(48) Philip V 220-179 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: head of bearded Harakles right wearing lion's skin
Reverse: inscription above and below harpa, all in oak wreath; ΔI / BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΦIΛIΠΠOY
Ref: cf. SNG Alpha Bank 1116 ff., SNG Co...