Coins from Greece
Greece is a country and region in South-East Europe, and the birthplace of much of western philosophy and civilization.

From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as poleis (singular polis), which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea. Philip of Macedon united most of the Greek mainland in the fourth century BC, with his son Alexander the Great rapidly conquering much of the ancient world, spreading Greek culture and science from the eastern Mediterranean to India.

This (geographical) cartegory covers the regions of Cental Greece, Crete, the Cyclades, Epirus, Euboea, the Peloponnese, and Thessaly. It is bordered to the east by Asia Minor, to the west by Italia, and to the north by the Balkans, including Macedonia and Thrace.

Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains or hills, making the country one of the most mountainous in Europe. Mount Olympus, the mythical abode of the Greek Gods, culminates at Mytikas peak 2,918 metres.

Greece

(1) Achaean League c. 86 BC
Obverse: head of laureate Zeus right
Reverse: fish under (AX) monogram all within wreath; (APT) left / ΔY up
Ref: Clerk 55; BCD Peloponnesos 482
(2) Achaean League 160-146 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: (AX) monogram, thunderbolt below, all within wreath; ΞB / K_A / M
Ref: Benner 17; BCD Peloponnesos 1551.1;...
(3) Achaean League c. 188-180 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: (AX) monogram within wreath; A_N / CΩ
Ref: Benner 5; BCD Peloponnesos 1492.2; ...
(4) Achaean League c. 175-168 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus Amarios right
Reverse: lyre above (AX) monogram, all within wreath; ΔΩ_PO
Ref: BCD Peloponessos 27.1; McClean 6431...
(5) Achaean League 100-80 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: (AX) monogram, trident below, all within wreath; A / Π_Λ / (YE)
Ref: BCD Peloponnesos 1593.2; Benner 4; ...
(6) Aegina c. 510-485 BC
Obverse: turtle, row of dots on the back
Reverse: incuse square ( “Union Jack” pattern)
Ref: Milbank 3; BMC Attica, p. 126, 3; S...
(7) Aegina c. 450 BC
Obverse: Land tortoise
Reverse: Square incuse with skew pattern.
Ref: None provided
(8) Aegina 470 - 440 BC
Obverse: Sea Turtle
Reverse: Large square "skew pattern" incuse
Ref: SNG Delepierre 1524 HGC 435
(9) Alexander (Tyrant) 369-359 BC
Obverse: forepart of butting bull right
Reverse: forepart of horse right; AΛEΞAN / ΔPOY
Ref: BCD Thessaly II 708.2; HGC 4, 584
(10) Ambracia 426-404 BC
Obverse: Pegasus
Reverse: Head of Athena, strigel behind, A before. Die flaw before Athena's face
Ref: Calciati-35
(11) Aptera (Crete) 250-67 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: lyre; A_Π
Ref: Svoronos, Numismatique 42; SNG Cope...
(12) Argos 125-80 BC
Obverse: forepart of dog
Reverse: big A, trident below; Δ _ A / MAP
Ref: BCD Peloponnesos 1145; SNG Copenhag...
(13) Athens 431-393 BC
Obverse: head of Athena right - almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll
Reverse: owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent left; AΘE
Ref: (Type C), Sear 2526
(14) Athens 460-404 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right
Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing
Ref: None provided
(15) Athens 286-267 BC
Obverse: Head of Athena right with eye in profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll
Reverse: ΑΘΕ / Owl standing right, head facing, to the left an olive sprig and crescent
Ref: SNG Cop. 64.
(16) Athens 264-267 AD
AE unit Athens
Obverse: draped bust of Athena right wearing crested Corinthian helmet
Reverse: Athena Parthenos facing, head left, holding Nike with wreath. Left hand resting on shield set on ground holding spear; AΘHNA_IΩN
Ref: BMC Attica p. 95, 684; SNG Cop 384
(17) Athens 440 - 404 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right with frontal eye
Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing
Ref: None provided
(18) Athens 264-267 AD
AE unit Athens
Obverse: draped bust of Athena right wearing crested helmet
Reverse: mirror image of acropolis of Athens from northwest - Panathenaic way lead upward to the Propylaia at summit, large statue of Athena Promachos standing right, Erechtheion to right; in center of rock, niche representing the Cave of Pan with his statue
Ref: Kroll 375 (same obv. die as 372b); ...
(19) Athens | Phoenician 431-393 BC
Obverse: head of Athena right - almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll
Reverse: owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent left; AΘE - Phoenician contermark bēth yōdh
Ref: (Type C), Sear 2526
(20) Boeotian League 221-197 BC
Obverse: Head of Persephone, 3/4 facing right
Reverse: Poseidon standing left, holding trident
Ref: SNG Cop. 384
(21) Boeotian League 300 - 250 BC
Obverse: Boiotian ox hide shield
Reverse: BOIWTWN (upward on left), ornamented trident head upward, straight crossbar, dolphin upward on right, no control symbol
Ref: SNG Alpha Bank 832, SNG Cop 179, BM...
(22) Boeotian League 300 - 250 BC
Obverse: Boiotian ox hide shield
Reverse: BOIWTWN (upward on left), ornamented trident head upward, straight crossbar, dolphin upward on right, no control symbol
Ref: SNG Alpha Bank 832, SNG Cop 179, BM...
(23) Caligula | Germanicus 37-41 AD
AE unit Cnossus
Obverse: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS, Bare head of Caligula facing right
Reverse: GER CAESAR PVLCHRO III VARIO IIVIR, Bare head of Germanicus facing right
Ref: RPC I 994
(24) Chalkis 338-308 BC
Obverse: head of nymph Chalkis right
Reverse: eagle holding snake; ΛAX
Ref: Picard Em. 8: BCD Euboia 138-9
(25) Claudius 41-54 AD
Obverse: bare head left; TI·CLAVDIVS·CAESAR·AVG·GERM
Reverse: aquila on thunderbolt right, signum on each side; COL·_·A·A·_PATR / X_XII
Ref: RPC 1256; BCD Peloponnesos 546.1
(26) Corinth 405-345 BC
Obverse: Pegasos flying left, Q below
Reverse: Helmeted head of Athena right; ithyphallic herm and N behind
Ref: Pegasi I 385; Ravel 1068; BCD -; SN...
(27) Ekkarra c. 325-320 BC
AE unit Ekkarra
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus left
Reverse: Artemis standing left, leaning on scepter; EKKA_PPEI
Ref: Liampi, Ekkarra 47 (V13/R25); BM 19...
(28) Epirote League 234-168 BC
Obverse: Laureate, veiled, and draped bust of Dione right, wearing stephane; AI(?) monogram behind, BO before, palm frond below
Reverse: Tripod in wreath, AΠEI-PΩTAN on either side
Ref: None provided
(29) Gortyna 250-221BC
AE unit Gortyna
Obverse: Europa seated right in tree, lifting drapery; eagle standing to left.
Reverse: Europa seated right on bull running left, lifting her drapery; all within wreath
Ref: Jackson pl. 12, 2; Svoronos, Numism...
(30) Hadrian 117-138 AD
Obverse: laureate bust right, draped shoulder; ΑΥΤ{Ο} ΚΑΙ{СΑΡ} ΤΡΑΙ{Α} ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒ{ΑС}
Reverse: Dioscuri on horses right, holding spear and reins; ΛΑΚΕΔΑΙΜΟΝΙΩΝ
Ref: Grunauer group XXXVII, series 1-11;...
(31) Halos 300-200 BC
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: Phrixos on ram right, cloak flying; AΛE_Ω_N
Ref: BCD Thessaly II 86.4 corr., SNG Cop...
(32) Histiaia c. 267-146 BC
Obverse: Head of nymph Histiaia right with wine-wreath
Reverse: Nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of galley, holding stylis; ornate apluster; IΣTI_AIEΩN, trident below
Ref: BMC Central p. 129, 52; SGCV I 2498...
(33) Julius Caesar | Octavian 28-27 BC
AE 2 Asses? Thessalonica
Obverse: ΘEOΣ, Head of Divus Julius Caesar facing right, wearing laurel wreath; NK countermark
Reverse: ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, Bare head of Octavian facing right; Δ below
Ref: RPC I 1554; c/m Howgego 651
(34) Korinthos 350-300 BC
Obverse: Pegasus left; Ϙ
Reverse: head of Aphrodite or nymph Peirene left; K
Ref: SNG Vol: III 2129 Lockett Collectio...
(35) Korkyra c. 229-48 BC
Obverse: Head of Dionysos right wearing ivy-wreath
Reverse: Pegasos; below prow right (KP) (AV) (KP)
Ref: HGC 6, 65
(36) Krannon 350-300 BC
AE unit Krannon
Obverse: Horseman riding left; Λ E
Reverse: Bull butting right; trident above; IΠ / KPAN
Ref: Rogers 190; SNG Cop. 42. BCD Thessa...
(37) Larissa (Thessaly) 356-342 BC
Obverse: head of nymph Larissa facing slightly left
Reverse: horse grazing right; ΛΑΡΙΣ / ΑΙΩΝ
Ref: Lorber Hoard, Phase L-III; cf. SNG ...
(38) Larissa (Thessaly) 356-342 BC
Obverse: head of nymph Larissa facing slightly left
Reverse: horse grazing right; ΛΑΡΙΣ / ΑΙΩΝ
Ref: Rogers 282; BCD 383.3
(39) Larissa (Thessaly) c. 400-365 BC
Obverse: Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left
Reverse: ΛAPI–ΣAIΩN, mare and her foal standing right
Ref: None provided
(40) Leukas 375-350 BC
Obverse: pegasos flying left; Λ
Reverse: head of Athena left wearing Corinthian helmet; ΛEYKA_ΔIΩN / Π
Ref: Pegasi 48/1
(41) Lokri Opuntii c. 340-330 BC
Obverse: Head of Persephone right wearing wreath of grain, single-pendant earring, and pearl necklace
Reverse: Ajax the Lesser (son of Oileus) nude but for crested Corinthian helmet advancing right in fighting attitude holding short sword and shield on left arm ornamented inside with coiled snake (control symbol), helmet crest below; OΠONTIΩN
Ref: SNG Cop.51, de Nanteuil 886, BCD Lo...
(42) Macedon (Protectorate) c. 158-149 BC
Obverse: Artemis with diadem; bow and quiver slung on back; depicted in the center of a Macedonian shield
Reverse: Club of Heracles; Greek text above(ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ) and below (ΠΡΩΤΗΣ) club along with three monograms surrounded by oak wreath; keraunos left
Ref: AMNG III/1 57.176, BMC 8.7, HGC 3,...
(43) Magnetes 197-146 BC
AE unit Demetrias
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus left
Reverse: Centaur holding branch right, owl below; MAΓNHTΩN
Ref: SNG Cop 160, BMC 34.8-9
(44) Marcus Antonius 32 B.C.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR RPC
Reverse: LEG V
Ref: None provided
(45) Marcus Antonius 38-37 BC
AE As Achaea
Obverse: M•ANT•IMP•TERT•COS•DESIG•ITER•ET•III•VIR•RPC - Jugate busts of Mark Antony and Octavia right.
Reverse: M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PR PRAEF CLASS F C - Galley right, below A.
Ref: RPC I 1470
(46) Marcus Antonius 32-31 BC
Obverse: galley right, mast with banners at prow, ANT·AVG / III ·VIR·R·P·C
Reverse: legionary aquila between two standards, LEG X?
Ref: Crawford 544/?
(47) Marcus Antonius 32-31 BC
Obverse: galley right, mast with banners at prow, ANT·AVG / III ·VIR·R·P·C
Reverse: legionary aquila between two standards, LEG_II ?
Ref: Crawford 544/14?
(48) Marcus Antonius 32-31 BC
Obverse: Praetorian ship right, with scepter tied with fillet on prow; above, ANT AVG; below, III. VIR. R.P.C.
Reverse: Aquila (eagle) between two standards; around, LEG XVII CLASSICAE
Ref: Crawford 544/10, CRI 373, Sydenham ...
(49) Melitaea Late 4th cent.
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: Bee upwards, wings outstretched, M - [E] above, Λ - I below
Ref: BCD-459, Rogers-396
(50) Oiniadai 219-211 BC
AE unit Oiniadai
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right; ΠPI
Reverse: head of the river-god Achelous right; OINIAΔAN, (APK)
Ref: BMC 189, 8; SNG Cop. 402; Winterthu...
(51) Olympia 312-271 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: eagle right; olive leaf right; F _ A
Ref: BMC 84. Dewing 1896. McClean 6637. ...
(52) Olympia 170-130 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: legend within wreath; FA / ΛEI / ΩN
Ref: Cf. BCD Olympia 302-5; cf. SNG Cope...
(53) Pelinna c. 425-350 BC
Obverse: Horseman left, striking at fallen Hoplite with javelin
Reverse: Warrior advancing left, holding shield ΠEΛINNA_ION
Ref: Rogers 427; BCD Thessaly 520; SNG C...
(54) Phalanna c. 400-344 BC
AE unit Phalanna
Obverse: head of Apollo right
Reverse: head of Nymph Phalanna right, hair in sakkos ΦAΛANNAIΩN
Ref: SNG Cop 203 ff.; BMC Thessaly p. 41...
(55) Pharkadon 480 - 400 BC
Obverse: Horse prancing right
Reverse: ΦΑΡ-ΚΑΔO, Athena standing right, holding spear and shield; all within incuse square.
Ref: BCD Thessaly I 1271 var. (ethnic), ...
(56) Pharsalos c. 450-400 BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena right
Reverse: head of horse right; Φ A / P Σ
Ref: Lavva 75 (V38/R44)
(57) Pherai c. 404-369 BC
AE unit Pherai
Obverse: head of Nymph Hypereia right, wearing wreath
Reverse: head of lion right, spouring water from mouth; ΦEPAI
Ref: Rogers 513; SNG Copenhagen 241
(58) Phlius c. 400-300 BC
AE unit Phlius
Obverse: bull butting left
Reverse: monogram :Φ:
Ref: SGCV I 2758; BMC 34, 13.
(59) Phokian Confederation c. 440-420 BC
Obverse: facing bull head
Reverse: head of Artemis right; Φ O K I
Ref: SNG Cop 99 ff.
(60) Phokian Confederation 351-347 BC
Obverse: three filleted boukrania; ΦΩ_ΚΕ_ΩΝ
Reverse: laureate wreath; T
Ref: Slg. BCD Lokris - Phokis 328; SNG C...
(61) Ptolemy II 275-265/264 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus-Ammon right
Reverse: eagle with spread wings standing on lightning, Galatian shield left, ΠΤΟΛEMAIOY ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, (ΣΩ) // (XAP), Λ between eagle's legs
Ref: Svornos 581
(62) Q. Sicinius | C. Coponius c. 49 BC
Obverse: diademed head of Apollo right; star below, Q·SICINIVS III·VIR
Reverse: Nemean lion's skin draped over club; arrow left; bow right, C·COPONIVS ·PR·S·C
Ref: Crawford 444/1a, RSC I 1, Sydenham ...
(63) Rhodos 305 - 275 BC
Obverse: Head of Helios facing slightly right
Reverse: Rose with bud to right, POΔION above, star and Δ to left
Ref: Ashton 170; HGC 6, 1443
(64) Salamis (Attica) 350-318 BC
Obverse: head of nymph Salamis wearing stephane right
Reverse: shield of Ajax and sword in sheath laying over; ΣA_ΛA
Ref: Kroll 640; SNG Copenhagen 455.
(65) Sikyon c. 330-280 BC
Obverse: Chimera walking left; ΣI
Reverse: dove flying left, •
Ref: BCD Peloponnesos 292; SNG Cop 64; B...
(66) Sikyon
Obverse: Dove flying left
Reverse: M Monogram
Ref: SNG Copenhagen 103
(67) Sikyon 340-335 BC
Obverse: Dove alighted Left
Reverse: Dove flying Left inside Olive Wreath
Ref: BCD Pelops 224
(68) Skiathos c. 350-344 BC
AE unit Skiathos
Obverse: young male (Hermes?) head left wearing tania
Reverse: Kerykeion and Herma?; ΣKI / AΘI
Ref: Rogers 574; SNG Copenhagen
(69) Skotussa c. 394-367 BC
AE unit Skotussa
Obverse: head of young Herakles left wearing lion's skin
Reverse: horse forepart right; Σ_KO ΦΠA
Ref: Rogers 541, fig. 299; Nomos 4, 1337...
(70) Tanagra 387-374 BC
Obverse: boeotian shield
Reverse: forepart of horse right; TA
Ref: BCD Boiotia 280; SNG Copenhagen 231
(71) Tanagra 457-448 BC
Obverse: Boeotian shield
Reverse: forepart of horse right within incuse square; T_A
Ref: Dewing 1498 (same rev. die)
(72) Thebes 426-395 BC
Obverse: Boeotian shield
Reverse: Kantharos; club above; Θ_EB
Ref: BMC 64; SNG Cop. 289
(73) Thessalian League c. 150-100 BC
AE unit Thessaly
Obverse: head of Apollo right
Reverse: Athena Itonia right throwing spear holding shield; ΘEΣΣA / ΛΩN, ΦIΛOK, A / Σ _ OP, (ΓA)
Ref: Rogers 21; Sear #2238; Lindgren II ...
(74) Thessalian League 47-46 BC
Obverse: Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath; [I]TAΛO[Σ] behind
Reverse: Athena Itonia advancing right; [Δ]IO-KΛHΣ above spear, N-I in inner fields
Ref: McClean 4797-8; SNG Copenhagen 277
(75) Thessalian League 130 - 100 BC
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right; HP monogram behind
Reverse: Athena Itonia right; Π-I across central field
Ref: BCD Thessaly 889.3 (this coin)
(76) Trikka c. 480-400 BC
Obverse: naked Thessalian youth standing right, restraining forepart of unruly bull prancing right
Reverse: forepart of bridled horse prancing right, within incuse square TPI_KK_AI (retrograde)
Ref: SNG Oxford 3933; BCD Thessaly II 76...