Coins from Republican Provincial
Coins issued by Roman officials in provinces during Republican times - until 27 BC.
Republican Provincial
Republican Provincial
(1) Aesiallas Quaestor
An AR Tetradrachm struck 90-75 BC in Thessalonica
Obverse: diademed head of Alexander III right, Horn of Ammon; MAKEΔONΩN, Θ

Reverse: club, money-chest (cista) left, quaestor's chair (sella curulis) right, all within laurel wreath; AESILLAS, Q

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 15.6 g
Aesiallas Quaestor
AMNG III 217. SNG Cop. 1330
(2) Aulus Gabinius
An AR Tetradrachm struck 57-55 BC in Antioch
Obverse: diademed head of Philip I right

Reverse: Zeus seated left holding Nike and scepter; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΦIΛIΠΠOY // EΠIΦANOYΣ / ΦIΛAΔEΛΦOY / (AYΓB)

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 15.3 g
No notes for this coin
Prieur 1; SC II 2489; McAlee 1; RPC I 4124; HGC 9, 1356
(3) C. Matuinus Aedile | T. Anicius Aedile
An AE Semis struck c. 45 BC in Parion
Obverse: female head right wearing stephane; C_G / I_P

Reverse: praefericulum; D_D

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.7 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 2259; SNG France 1416
(4) C. Papirius Carbo Proconsul
An AE unit struck 59 BC in Nicomedia
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right; NIKOMHΔEΩN

Reverse: Roma seated left on pile of shields holding Nike and spear; EΠIΓAIOY // ΠAΠIPIOY / KAPBΩNOΣ / ΔKΣ

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.1 g
No notes for this coin
Rec Gen II.3 p. 514, 2; BMC Pontus 1-3; SNG Cop 545; SNGvA 736
(5) C. Papirius Carbo Proconsul
An AE unit struck 59 BC in Nicomedia
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right; NIKOMHΔEΩN / (ΠAI) / ΔKΣ

Reverse: Roma seated left on pile of shields holding Nike and spear; EΠI ΓAIOY // ΠAΠIPIOY / KAPBΩNOΣ // PΩMH

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.3 g
No notes for this coin
SNG von Aulock 532 var. (M to inner right on rev.); SNG Copenhagen 466 var. (same)
(6) Fulvia
An AE 23 struck 41-40 BC in Fulviana
Obverse: Bust of Fulvia (as Victory) right.

Reverse: Minerva standing left, holding shield and spear; [ΦOYΛOYIANON] in right field, [Z]MEPTOPIΓOΣ / [Φ]IΛΩNIΔOΥ] in two lines in left field.

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.48 g
"Fulvia (c. 83 BC – 40 BC) was an aristocratic Roman woman who lived during the Late Roman Republic. She gained access to power through her marriage to three of the most promising men of her generation, Publius Clodius Pulcher, Gaius Scribonius Curio, and Mark Antony. All three husbands were politically active populares, tribunes, and supporters of Julius Caesar. Though she is more famous for her involvement in Antony's career, many scholars believe that she was politically active with all of her husbands."

"Fulvia married Mark Antony in 44 BC, and became an outspoken defender of his interests in Rome while he campaigned in the East. The city of Eumenia (where this coin was struck) was re-named Fulviana in her honor by Antony's partisans. By 40 BC Fulvia's strident attacks on Octavian caused a great deal of trouble for Antony, who upbraided her for antagonizing Octavian, with whom he was trying to maintain a semblance of cordial relations. Fulvia died at Sicyon shortly thereafter. Sometime afterward these coins struck at "Fulviana" had their ethnic scratched off (this specimen got away), and two countermarks were applied: one may be resolved as Eumeneia; the other as Philonidos, although Zmertorix himself has been suggested). These countermarks suggest that, rather than melting down the coinage of Fulvia and striking new coins, a more expeditious solution was required to keep needed currency in circulation."

Provenance: H.D Rauch, E-Auction 28 (13 September 2018), lot 131.
RPC I 3139
(7) Gaius Publilius Quaestor
An AE unit struck 148-146 BC in Bottiaia
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena right

Reverse: feeding cow right; ΓΑMIOY (ΠΛY) / (BT), TAMIOY

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.67 g
No notes for this coin
MacKay pl. III, 5; Touratsoglou, Macedonia 23; SNG Copenhagen 1323
(8) Julius Caesar | Octavian
An AE Diassarion? struck 28-27 BC in Thessalonica
Obverse: ΘEOΣ, Head of Divus Julius Caesar facing right, wearing laurel wreath; NK countermark

Reverse: ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, Bare head of Octavian facing right; Δ below

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 10 H
Weight: 9.93 g
Leaded bronze

RPC notes that Touratsoglou considers this denomination as the equivalent of 2 Asses but considers it 1 As itself.

Howgego believes the NK countermark to be short of Nero Kaisar
RPC I 1554; c/m Howgego 651
(9) M. Aemilius Lepidus
An AR Obol struck 44-42 BC in Cabellio
Obverse: Head of Apollo right; CABE upwards in right field.

Reverse: LE-PI flanking cornucopia; all within laurel wreath

Diameter: 9 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.36 g
"George Rogers in his study of the triumviral coinage in Gaul ("Notes sur des rapports métrologiques: un système monétaire en Gaule de 43 à 23 av. J.-C.," RN XXVIII [1987], pp. 83-93) supposes that this issue was struck under the governorship of Lepidus in 44-42 BC, and that Lepidus was the founder of the colony of Cabellio. He further argues that the absence of the legend COL (indicating the status of the city as a colony) in combination with CABE is not an argument against his proposition, but rather he draws parallels with the foundation coinage of Lyon to support his position."

Provenance: Leu Numismatik Web auction 8 (29 June, 2019), lot 611.
RPC I 528
(10) M. Aemilius Lepidus
An AR Obol struck 44-42 BC in Cabellio
Obverse: head of Apollo right; CABE

Reverse: cornucopia within wreath; LE_PI

Diameter: 10 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.4 g
No notes for this coin
RPC 528
(11) Marcus Antonius
An AE 20 struck 37-36 BC in Marathos
Obverse: Bare head of Antony right.

Reverse: Bull reclining left on ground line; ϹΚΓ Μ (below), ΙΑΝ and kof (above).

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 9.09 g
Provenance: Purchased from C.J Martin coins (October 2020).
RPC I 4494
(12) Marcus Antonius
An AR Cistophorus struck 39 BC in Ephesos
Obverse: M•ANTONIVS•IMP•COS•DESIG•ITER•ET•TERT - Head of Antony right, wearing ivy wreath, lituus below; all within wreath of ivy and flowers.

Reverse: III•VIR• R•P•C - head of Octavia atop cista mystica, between twisting snakes.

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 12.4 g

"Following the death of Octavia's first husband C. Claudius Marcellus in 40 BC, her marriage to Antony sought to seal the Pact of Brundisium in which it had been agreed that Octavian would assume control of the west and Antony of the east. The striking of this type cements the agreement before the people of Ephesus, an important city, later made the capital of Asia Minor by Augustus in 27 BC. Octavia spent two winters with Antony in Athens and in 37 BC assisted in securing the Triumvirate for another 5 years at the Pact of Tarentum. Following this, Antony returned to the east and, having left Octavia behind, lived with Cleopatra VII in Egypt. Although they divorced in 32 BC, after Antony's defeat at the Battle of Actium and subsequent suicide, Octavia raised all of his surviving children by Fulvia and Cleopatra, along with her own."

RPC I 2201
(13) Marcus Antonius
An AE 24 struck 37-31 BC in Balanea
Obverse: Bare head right.

Reverse: BAΛANEΩTΩN AP CY - Indian Dionysos in quadriga left.

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 3 H
Weight: 8.77 g
Provenance: CNG electronic auction 461 (2 February 2020), lot 297.
RPC I 4456
(14) Marcus Antonius | Octavian
An AE unit struck 37 BC in Thessalonica
Obverse: head of Agonothesia right; AΓΩNOΘEΣIA

Reverse: legend within wreath; ANT / KAI

Diameter: 22.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12.5 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 1552; SNG Copenhagen 375
(15) Octavian
An AE unit struck 31-27 BC in Amphipolis
Obverse: bare head right; ΚΑΙΣΑΡ / ΘΕΟΥ ΥΙΟΣ

Reverse: Artemis Tauropulos riding bull right; AMΦΙΠOΛEΙΤΩΝ

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 10.38 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 1626; SNG ANS 164 - 165; SNG Cop 89 - 91; SNG Tübingen 994; BMC Macedonia p. 52, 73
(16) Octavian?
An AE unit struck 30 BC? in an unknown location
Obverse: Bare head of Octavian? facing right

Reverse: Fiscus, sella quaestoria, and hasta; Q below

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 21.13 g

CNG has this to say:
This issue has previously been attributed to a Macedonian mint with the portrait identified either as Brutus (Friedlander), Caesar (Grant), or to the governor of of Syria, Gaius Sosius (in the trade). RPC presents a case for a Cilician or Syrian origin, supported by find data, with a suggestion that the portrait is Octavian. Issues of similar portrait style, very likely by the same engraver, include the "Princeps Felix" coinage from Cilicia (RPC 4082-3)
RPC I 5409
(17) Q. Caecilius Niger | C. Heius Pamphilius
An AE As struck 34-31 BC in Corinth
Obverse: Head of Aphrodite right, hair pulled back in ponytail, wearing pearl necklace - CORINT below bust.

Reverse: Bellerophon mounted on Pegasus prancing to right, preparing to strike with his spear the Chimaera at his right. - L • CAECIL • NIGR/ C • HEIO P AM above, II VIR in exergue

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 9 H
Weight: 6.55 g
Provenance: Nomos AG - Obolos 14 (15 December 2019), lot 335.
RPC I 1128
(18) Q. Mallius
An AE unit struck c. 241-30 BC in Panhormos
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus left

Reverse: warrior standing half-left, extending hand, holding grounded shield and spear; Q / (MAL) / (ΠAP)

Diameter: 20.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.7 g
(208-180 BC)
CNS I, 9.