Aspendos - A settlement in Pamphylia
Aspendos was an ancient Greco-Roman city in Pamphylia. The site is located 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) northeast of central Serik.

According to later tradition, Aspendos was founded rather earlier by Greeks who may have come from Argos. The wide range of its coinage throughout the ancient world indicates that, in the 5th century BC, Aspendos had become the most important city in Pamphylia. At that time, according to Thucydides, the Eurymedon River was navigable as far as Aspendos, and the city derived great wealth from a trade in salt, oil and wool.

In 190 BC the city surrendered to the Romans, and the corrput magistrate Verres later pillaged its artistic treasures. It was ranked by Philostratus the third city of Pamphylia, and in Byzantine times seems to have been known as Primopolis. Toward the end of the Roman period the city began a decline that continued throughout Byzantine times, although in medieval times it was evidently still a strong place.

Modern location: Serik, Turkey

(1) Aspendos c. 465-430 BC
Obverse: Amphora
Reverse: triskeles, pellet; E_Σ
Ref: SNG France 14; SNG von Aulock 4485;...