Alabanda - A settlement in Caria
Alabanda was an ancient city of Caria, which was noted for its dark marble and for gemstones that resembled garnets.

ccording to legend, the city was founded by a Carian hero Alabandus. In the Carian language, the name is a combination of the words for horse ala and victory banda. In the early Seleucid period, the city was part of the Chrysaorian League, a loose federation of nearby cities linked by economic and defensive ties and, perhaps, by ethnic ties. The city was renamed Antiochia of the Chrysaorians in honor of Seleucid king Antiochus III who preserved the city's peace. It was captured by Philip V of Macedon in 201 BC. The name reverted to Alabanda after the Seleucid defeat at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BC. The Romans occupied the city shortly thereafter.

Under the Roman Empire, the city became a conventus and Strabo reports on its reputation for high-living and decadence. The city minted its own coins down to the mid-third century.

Modern location: Ruins 8 km west of Çine

(1) Alexander III 169-168 BC
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle, Pegasos left; AΛEΞANΔPOY, E
Ref: Price 2464