Damascus — A settlement in Syria
Damascus was founded in prehistotic times, but is not documented as an important city until the arrival of the Aramaeans, a Semitic people from Mesopotamia, in the 11th century BC.

It flourished as the center of several Aramaic Kingdoms, until conquered by the Assyrians, and later by Alexander III of Macedon. After the death of Alexander in 323 BC, Damascus became the site of a struggle between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires.

In 64 BC, the Roman general Pompey annexed the western part of Syria. The Romans occupied Damascus and subsequently incorporated it into the league of ten cities known as the Decapolis which themselves were incorporated into the province of Syria and granted autonomy. The city of Damascus was entirely redesigned by the Romans after Pompey conquered the region.

After most of the Syrian countryside was conquered by the Rashidun Caliphate during the reign of Caliph Umar, Damascus itself was conquered by the Muslim-Arab general Khalid ibn al-Walid in August - September 634 AD.

Modern location: Damascus, Syria
(1) al-Nasir Salah al-Din Yusuf
An AR Dirham struck 1187 AD in Damascus


Diameter: 21.1 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.9 g
No notes for this coin
ANS Hoard #12, Alex Malloy 1972, Album 787.1(2?)
An AR Tetradrachm struck 330-323 in Damascus
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔPOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, forepart of ram right; below throne, pellet between struts, ΔA below.

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.08 g
Lifetime issue struck under Menon or Menes, circa 330-323 BC. Die shift and graffito on reverse.
Price 3203
An AR Tetradrachm struck 118/7 BC in Damascus
Obverse: Diademed head of Antiochos VIII right

Reverse: Zeus Ouranios, draped, standing left, holding star and scepter; two monograms to outer left; all within laurel wreath, E(koppa)P (date) in exergue

Diameter: 28.5 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 16.03 g
No notes for this coin
SC 2323.1a; HGC 9, 1196e; DCA 266
An AR Tetradrachm struck 215-217 AD in Damascus
Obverse: laureate head right; AVT KAI__ANTWNEINOC C_E_B

Reverse: eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, ram's head below; ΔHMAPX_·EΞ VΠATOC TO Δ

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 13.8 g
No notes for this coin
Prieur 1204
An AE unit struck 244-249 AD in Damascus
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP.M·IVL·PHILIP_PVS·P F·AVG

Reverse: wreath, ram head below COLONI·DAMASCO·METROP· / CEBA CMIA

Diameter: 29 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 18.6 g
No notes for this coin
De Saulcy 8 var. (bust type); CNG e341, 44.
An AE unit struck 253-260 AD in Damascus
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left from behind; IMP CAES P LIC VALERIANVS

Reverse: vexillum, eagle on both sides; DAMAS METRO

Diameter: 22.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 9 g
No notes for this coin
For obv., cf. De Saulcy 1 (rev. legend, vexillum inscribed) & CNG e341, 74 (same); for rev., cf. CNG e421, 461 (Salonina); BMC -.