Athens - A settlement in Central Greece
Classical Athens was a powerful city-state that emerged in conjunction with the seagoing development of the port of Piraeus, which had been a distinct city prior to its 5th century BC incorporation with Athens.

A centre for the arts, learning and philosophy, home of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum, it is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy, largely because of its cultural and political impact on the European continent, and in particular the Romans.

Athenian coins were struck on the "Attic" standard, with a drachm equaling 4.3 grams of silver. Over time, Athens' plentiful supply of silver from the mines at Laurion and its increasing dominance in trade made this the pre-eminent standard. These coins, known as "owls" because of their central design feature, were also minted to an extremely tight standard of purity and weight.

Modern location: Athens, Greece

(1) Athens 431-393 BC
Obverse: head of Athena right - almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll
Reverse: owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent left; AΘE - Phoenician contermark bēth yōdh
Ref: (Type C), Sear 2526
(2) Athens 431-393 BC
Obverse: head of Athena right - almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll
Reverse: owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent left; AΘE
Ref: (Type C), Sear 2526
(3) Athens 460-404 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right
Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing
Ref: None provided
(4) Athens 286-267 BC
Obverse: Head of Athena right with eye in profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll
Reverse: ΑΘΕ / Owl standing right, head facing, to the left an olive sprig and crescent
Ref: SNG Cop. 64.
(5) Athens 264-267 AD
AE unit Athens
Obverse: draped bust of Athena right wearing crested Corinthian helmet
Reverse: Athena Parthenos facing, head left, holding Nike with wreath. Left hand resting on shield set on ground holding spear; AΘHNA_IΩN
Ref: BMC Attica p. 95, 684; SNG Cop 384
(6) Athens 440 - 404 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right with frontal eye
Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing
Ref: None provided
(7) Athens 264-267 AD
AE unit Athens
Obverse: draped bust of Athena right wearing crested helmet
Reverse: mirror image of acropolis of Athens from northwest - Panathenaic way lead upward to the Propylaia at summit, large statue of Athena Promachos standing right, Erechtheion to right; in center of rock, niche representing the Cave of Pan with his statue
Ref: Kroll 375 (same obv. die as 372b); ...