Halikarnassos — A settlement in Caria
Halikarnassos was an ancient Greek city, which stood on the site of modern Bodrum in Turkey. It originally occupied only a small island near to the shore called Zephyria, but later extended to incorporate Salmacis, an older town on the mainland.

It was famous for the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, also known simply as the Tomb of Mausolus, whose name provided the origin of the word "mausoleum". The mausoleum, built between 353 BC and 350 BC, ranked as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

Halicarnassus formed part of the Persian Empire until Alexander the Great captured it at the siege of Halicarnassus in 334 BC.

Modern location: Bodrum, Turkey
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