Castulo — A settlement in Baetica
Castulo was an Iberian town now located in Spain, near modern Linares.

It was the seat of the Oretani, an Iberian tribe which settled in the vicinity in the north of the Guadalquivir River beginning in the sixth century BC. According to tradition, a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, gained the alliance of the city with the Carthaginian Empire.

In 213 BC, Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Thereafter the Romans made a pact with the residents of city — who then betrayed the Carthaginians — and they became foederati (allied people) of Rome.

According to Livy, the inhabitants of Castulo were intimidated by Scipio Africanus ordering the wholesale massacre of the inhabitants of the neighboring Illiturgis.

Modern location: Near Linares, Spain
(1) Castulo
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An AE unit struck 2rd-1st Cent BC in Castulo
Obverse: Male head facing right, hand in right field

Reverse: Sphinx walking right, wearing helmet, star at right, KASTILO in Iberic script below

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 19.37 g
After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
Burgos 543
(2) Castulo
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An AE Semis struck c. 200-175 BC in Castulo
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Bull right, crescent above; KASTILO retrograde in southern hispanian script

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.69 g
No notes for this coin
CNH p. 331, 2-3; SNG BM Spain 1223-6
(3) Castulo
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An AE Quadrans struck c. 120-100 BC in Castulo
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Boar right, star (comet)* above; KaŚTiLO

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
* In 135 BC bright comet appeared and star symbol has appeared on many coins through mediterranean since then.
Villaronga p. 337, 50; SNG BM Spain 1358