Lysimacheia - A settlement in Thrace
Lysimacheia was an important Hellenistic Greek town on the north-western extremity of the Thracian Chersonese. It was built by Lysimachus in 309 BC, when he was preparing for the last struggle with his rivals. It controlled the road from Sestos to the north and the mainland of Thrace. In order to obtain inhabitants for his new city, Lysimachus destroyed the neighbouring town of Cardia and settled the inhabitants of it and other Chersonesean cities here.

After his death the city fell under Seleucid dominion, and during the wars between Seleucus Callinicus and Ptolemy Euergetes it passed from the hands of the Seleucids into those of the Ptolemies. Whether these latter set the town free, or whether it emancipated itself, is uncertain; at any rate it entered into the relation of sympolity with the Aetolian League.

As the Aetolians were not able to afford the town the necessary protection, it was destroyed again in 197 BC. It was attempted restored by Antiochus III, but this seemingly failed, and it entered a slow decline until Justinian I rebuilt it as a fortress under the name of Hexamilion.

Modern location: Eksemil, Turkey

(1) Lysimacheia 309-220 BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena right
Reverse: legend within grain-wreath; ΛY
Ref: SNG Cop. 921
(2) Lysimachos 297-282 BC
Obverse: Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon.
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear behind; YHKA monogram in circle in left field, HΡ monogram in exergue.
Ref: Muller 311 (Cf. CNG Mail Bid 84, 20...