Syracuse - A settlement in Sicily
The city of Syracuse is located on the east coast of Sicily and was originally a Greek colony founded by Corinth in 734 BCE. The city enjoyed a period of expansion and prosperity under the tyrant Gelon in the 5th century BCE, survived a two year siege by Athenian forces from 415 to 413 BCE, and again prospered under the tyrant Dionysius in the 4th century BCE when the city controlled much of Sicily and large portions of southern Italy.

A very powerful city-state, Syracuse was allied with Sparta and Corinth and exerted influence over the entirety of Magna Graecia, of which it was the most important city. Described by Cicero as "the greatest Greek city and the most beautiful of them all", it equaled Athens in size during the fifth century BC. It later became part of the Roman Republic and Byzantine Empire.

Modern location: Siracusa, Italy

(1) Constantine V 751-775
Obverse: COIst - LЄO Crowned facing busts of Constantine V and Leo IV, both wearing clamys; above, cross
Reverse: GNO LЄON PAMЧ Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros and holding cross in his right hand
Ref: DOC 15
(2) Dionysios I After 410 BC
Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with olive wreath; dolphin before and behind
Reverse: Hippocamp left; reins trailing.
Ref: Calciati 44
(3) Dionysios I After 410 BC
Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with olive wreath
Reverse: Hippocamp left
Ref: Calciati 44
(4) Gelon I 485-450 BC
Obverse: Head of Artemis-Arethustra right, hair turned up behind under diadem of beads, ΣV[RA] before
Reverse: Octopus/Cuttle-fish
Ref: cf. Sear 929
(5) Hieron II 275-215 B.C
AE unit Syracuse
Obverse: Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia
Reverse: Trident flanked by two dolphins swimming downward
Ref: SNG ANS 982
(6) Hieron II 230-218/5 BC
Obverse: Diademed head left
Reverse: Warrior on horse prancing right, holding couched lance; ΣΛ below
Ref: CNS 195; cf. SNG ANS 956
(7) Syracuse c. 212-133 BC
AE unit Syracuse
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo left
Reverse: tripod with lebes; ΣΥΡAK_OΣIΩN
Ref: Calciati p. 419, 212
(8) Syracuse 485 - 466 BC
Obverse: Charioteer driving quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses
Reverse: ΣYΡAKOΣION / head of Arethusa right, in pearl necklace & pearl diadem under which hair tucked up behind, four dolphins around
Ref: None provided
(9) Syracuse 410-405 BC
Obverse: Head of Arethusa left, wearing necklace
Reverse: Star of (8 or 16) rays in circular incuse within quadripartite incuse square
Ref: SNG ANS 398-402 or SNG ANS 394-7 va...
(10) Syracuse | Agathocles 317-289 BC
Obverse: Head of Kore left wreathed with grain, amthora ?; ΣΥΡAKOΣIΩN
Reverse: Bull butting left, dolphin above and below; (NK)
Ref: cf. Calciati II p. 218, 96 DS 114 R...
(11) Syracuse | Dionysios I 405-367 BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena left; ΣYPA
Reverse: Hippocamp left
Ref: Calciati vol. II, p. 89, 45
(12) Timoleon 344 - 336 BC
Obverse: ZEYΣ EΛEΘEΡIOΣ / Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right
Reverse: ΣYPAKOΣIΩN / Upright thunderbolt
Ref: None provided