Sagalassos - A settlement in Pisidia
Sagalassos was a city in Pisidia. It was one of the wealthiest cities in the region when Alexander the Great conquered it in 333 BCE on his way to Persia, thought it had a population of only a few thousand.

After Alexander's death, the region became part of the territories of Antigonus Monophthalmus, possibly Lysimachus of Thrace, the Seleucids of Syria and the Attalids of Pergamon. The archeological record indicates that locals rapidly adopted Hellenic culture.

Under the Roman Empire, Sagalassos became the most important urban center of Pisidia, particularly favoured by the Emperor Hadrian, who named it the "first city" of the province and the center of the imperial cult. Contemporary buildings have a fully Roman character.

Modern location: Ruins

(1) Sagalassos c. 100-1 BC
AE unit Sagalassos
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus
Reverse: two confronting goats standing on their hind legs, with forelegs on column; CAΓA
Ref: BMC Pisidia p. 241, 7; SGCV II 5469...