Eastern Coins
This category covers coins from various pre-islamic Eastern realms such as the Nabataean Kingdom and the Indo-Greek Kings.

As such, this category covers a vast geographical and cultural area - and almost a milennium.

Here you will find some of the greatest masterpieces of the Hellenistic world - right next to characteristic stylized Parthian haircuts and decidely alien Nabataean issues.

Eastern

(1) Abdagases I 50-65 AD
Obverse: King on horseback right, letter before; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥ??AV?ΝΔΙΦEΡΟΑΔΕΛΦΙΔΕШC
Reverse: Zeus with scepter right Gadapharabhradaputrasa maharajasa tradatasa Avadagasasa
Ref: Senior 227.18
(2) Achaemenid Empire 455-420? BC
Obverse: hero or king holding bow and dagger right
Reverse: incuse square; crescent countermark
Ref: Carradice type IV (early) A
(3) Achaemenid Empire 510/505-486 BC
Obverse: Great King right bearded and crowned kneeling-running, drawing bow, quiver at shoulder
Reverse: incuse square
Ref: Carradice type II: Carradice plate ...
(4) Alyattes 600-560 BC
Obverse: Head of roaring lion facing right, sun directly above, another orb (star?) in the ear, and a third in the mouth
Reverse: Two incuse punches
Ref: Sear 3398
(5) Amdan Bayyin 50-100 AD
Obverse: Male head right, serpent torc around
Reverse: 'MDNIBYNI around, RYDN in exergue, small head right; sceptre symbol before
Ref: Munro-Hay 3.2ai; SNG ANS 1575
(6) Amdan Bayyin 100-120 AD
AR unit Raydan
Obverse: Male head right; monogram to left.
Reverse: Small head right; ‘sceptre’ to right.
Ref: SNG ANS 1602-9.
(7) Antimachos I 171-160 BC
Obverse: Bust right
Reverse: Poseidon
Ref: None provided
(8) Antimachos I 174-165 BCE
Obverse: Draped bust of Antimachos I right, wearing kausia
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘΕΟΥ ΑΝΤΙΜΑΧΟΥ (Poseidon stg. facing, holding trident and palm branch; in lower r. field, monogram.)
Ref: Mitchiner 124ff., Bopearachchi séri...
(9) Apollodotos I 180-160 BCE
Obverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ (Apollo standing facing, holding arrow and resting bow on ground)
Reverse: Maharajasa Apaladatasa tratarasa (Tripod), monogram in field
Ref: Mitchiner 209, HGCS 12/120
(10) Autophradates c. 380-355 BC
AE unit Sardis?
Obverse: head of Autophradates right, wearing Persian tiara
Reverse: monoskelis
Ref: Winzer 11.7.
(11) Azes I 58-12 BCE
Obverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY AZOY (King mounted on horse right, holding whip, Karoshti letter (ka) in field)
Reverse: Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayasa (Athena standing right, holding shield and spear, making benediction gesture), tamga and monogram in field
Ref: HGCS 12/637
(12) Azes I 58-12 BC
AE unit Taxila
Obverse: humped bull right; (MP) above; shi under head; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩИ ΜΕΓΛΟΥ / AZOY
Reverse: lion right; monogram above; Maharajasa rajadirajasa mahatasa / Ayasa
Ref: MIG 850, Sen 102.100
(13) Azes I 58-12 BC
Obverse: king on horse rising hand holding whip; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩИ ΜΕΓΛΟΥ / AZOY, san
Reverse: Zeus with rod holding Nike; Maharajasa rajadirajasa mahatasa / Ayasa, monogram / M / dhram
Ref: MIG 854i, Sen 105.340T
(14) Azes I 57-35 BC
Obverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ / ΑZΟΥ King on camel right, holding ankus
Reverse: Zebu bull (or yak) standing right; monogram below
Ref: Mitchiner 2325 or 2326
(15) Azes II 35 BC - 10 AD
Obverse:
Reverse:
Ref: None provided
(16) Baktria 295/3-285/3 BC
Obverse: head of Athena right, wearing earring, necklace and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and spiral palmette on the bowl wire necklace, round earring; monogram
Reverse: owl standing right, grape bunch over tail; olive sprig and crescent above; AΘE
Ref: Roma XIV, 354; Bopearachchi, Sophyt...
(17) Baktria 305-294 BC
Obverse: head of Athena right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl
Reverse: eagle standing left, head right, grape cluster on vine with leaf above
Ref: Roma XIV, 334; Bopearachchi, Sophyt...
(18) Cilician Satrapy c. 379-372
Obverse: Female head facing left; wearing wreath
Reverse: Female head facing forwards; wearing tall headdress
Ref: Imhoof 1
(19) Cilicia | Tarsos? 400-350 BC
Obverse: king with bow and dagger right
Reverse: head of Hermes left, wearing petasos
Ref: Troxell & Kagan –; SNG France –; SN...
(20) Croesus 561-546 BC
Obverse: Confronted foreparts of a lion and a bull
Reverse: Two incuse square punches
Ref: SNG von Aulock 2877
(21) Eukratides I 171-145 BCE
Obverse: Diademed bust of king right
Reverse: Diademed bust of king right Rev.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΚΡΑΤΙΔΟΥ (Two pilei surmounted by stars and two palm branches), monogram in field
Ref: HGCS 12/138
(22) Gondophares | Hermaios c. 30-10 BC
Obverse: diademed and draped bust of Hermaios right; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ / EPMAIOY
Reverse: Zeus seated half left, wearing himation, raised hand, holding scepter; Maharaajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior)
Ref: Senior Hermaios 42aT.1, Mitchiner I...
(23) Hatra 117-138 AD
AE unit Hatra
Obverse: Radiate bust of Shamash right; HTR DSMS (= Hatra of Shamash)
Reverse: Eagle above S.C upside down
Ref: SNGCop 232
(24) Hekatomnos 392-377 BC
Obverse: Head of roaring lion left
Reverse: Facing head of lion with forelegs at sides
Ref: Konuk, Coin M7 var; Troxell, Carian...
(25) Hormizd IV 579-590 AD
Obverse: Crowned Bust of Hormizd IV to right
Reverse: Zoroastrian fire altar with two attendants
Ref: None provided
(26) Huvishka 158-195 AD
Obverse: King riding on elephant right, holding trident
Reverse: Deity standing facing, nimbate, offering diadem with right hand, the diadem ends encircling the tamgha at left
Ref: None provided
(27) Kamnaskires-Orodes 100-150 AD
Obverse: diademed, long bearded bust facing; pellet inside crescent and double crossbar anchor right
Reverse: dashes
Ref: vant Haaff 12.3.1-2A2; BMC Arabia p...
(28) Kanishka I 127-150 CE
Obverse: þAO KANηþK[I] (Crowned, diademed king standing facing, holding spear and sacrificing at altar at left)
Reverse: MAO (Lunar deity Mao standing left, holding sword hilt and holding out hand in blessing, lunar crescents on shoulders), tamga in field
Ref: Göbl 774, MAC 3079
(29) Kanishka I 127-152 AD
Obverse: king Kanishka standing left sacrificing over altar, holding scepter; ÞAO KA_NHÞKI
Reverse: god Atar standing left, wreath in right hand; AΘÞO monogram down-left
Ref: Göbl 772, MAC 3082-84
(30) Kherei 440-410 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena left
Reverse: Head of Kherei right, wearing bashlyk, in pelleted round border within incuse circle.
Ref: Falghera -; SNG Copenhagen Suppl. -...
(31) Khusro I? 531-579 AD
Obverse: Crowned bust right
Reverse: Fire altar flanked by attendants
Ref: None provided
(32) Khusro II 590-628 AD
Obverse: Crowned bust of Khusro II facing right, Pahlavi script to left and right, inside double circle, crescent with star above on four sides in margin
Reverse: Fire altar with attendants at left and right, Pahlavi script to left and right, inside triple circle, crescent with star above on four sides in margin
Ref: None provided
(33) Khusro II 591-628 AD
Obverse: Crowned bust right.
Reverse: Fire altar and attendants.
Ref: None provided
(34) Khusro II 590-628 AD
Obverse: Bearded bust right wearing winged crown surmounted by star in crescent
Reverse: Zoroastrian fire altar; on either side of altar, attendant facing
Ref: None provided
(35) Kujula Kadphises 30–80 AD
Obverse: Diademed and draped bust right
Reverse: Herakles standing left, holding club and lion's skin
Ref: None provided
(36) Lycia 480/470-430 BC
Obverse: Pegasos left; •
Reverse: triskeles within dot circle
Ref: Cf. Falghera 73 (stater, square inc...
(37) Mazaios 361/0-334 BC
Obverse: Baal seated left, holding grapes, grain ear, and sceptre
Reverse: lion attacking stag left
Ref: Casabonne Series 1; SNG France 329;...
(38) Menandros I 165-130 BC
Obverse: helmeted draped bust right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHΡOΣ / MENANΔΡOΥ
Reverse: Athena Alkidemos left hurling lightning and holding shield; Mahara_ja_sa Tratarasa / Menadrasa, (HΔIM)
Ref: SNG ANS 879 ff., Bopearachchi 16I, ...
(39) Mithradates II 123-88 BC
Obverse: Bare head bust 1., with medium beard, wearing diadem.
Reverse: Archer seated right on omphalos holding bow, palm branch in field to right, TV in exergue.
Ref: None provided
(40) Mithradates II 119-109 BC
Obverse: bearded diademed bust left
Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ
Ref: Sellwood 26.1; Shore 77
(41) Mithradates II 123-88 BC
Obverse: Long-bearded bust left wearing tiara
Reverse: Beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand; no border; six-line Greek inscription
Ref: Sellwood 29, feine Tönung, kl.Sr., ...
(42) Mithradates III 87-79 BCE
Obverse: Bearded bust left wearing tiara with eight-pointed star, pellet ended torque
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ (Beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand)
Ref: Sellwood 31.6
(43) Mithradates III 87-79 BC
Obverse: bearded bust with tiara
Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, Δ above foot
Ref: Sellwood 31.5 (Orodes I); Shore 123...
(44) Mithrapata 390-370 BC
Obverse: Facing scalp of lion
Reverse: Triskeles within incuse square
Ref: Müseler VII.91-2, SNG Copenhagen Su...
(45) Orodes II 57-38 BC
Obverse: bearded and diademed bust left, wart on forehead, torque ends in griffin, star left, crescent over star right
Reverse: archer seated on throne right, wearing balshyk and cloak, holding bow, anchor with trident-like end behind; BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN APΣAKOY EYEPΓETOY ΔIKAIOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ, (TA)
Ref: Shore 261, Sellwood 48.9, Sunrise 3...
(46) Orodes II 100-150 AD
Obverse: bearded head facing, wearing tiara; pellet inside crescent and anchor with double crossbar right
Reverse: dashes
Ref: vant Haaff 13.3.2-1A; BMC Arabia p....
(47) Perikles 380-360 BC
Obverse: lionskin facing
Reverse: triskeles, laureate bust of Apollo facing ΠEP_IKΛE (in lycian script)
Ref: SNG Copenhagen -; SNG v. Aulock -. ...
(48) Phraates 100-150 AD
Obverse: Bearded head left wearing tiara; pellet inside crescent and anchor right
Reverse: Dashes
Ref: vant Haaff 14.7.2-1; de Morgan 36; ...
(49) Prince A c. 180-220 AD
Obverse: long beard, diademed bust left
Reverse: Artemis standing right with bow and arrow
Ref: Sear GIC 5919; Mitchiner ACW 721
(50) Shapur II 309-379 CE
AR Drachm Mint IX | Kabul
Obverse: Pahlavi legend (Crowned bust right)
Reverse: Fire altar flanked by attendants, bust right in flames
Ref: SNS III Type Ib1/3a; Göbl Type Ia/6...
(51) Shapur II 309-379 AD
AR Drachm Kabul | Mint IX?
Obverse: Crowned bust right of Shapur II
Reverse: Fire altar with two attendants; bust right within flames
Ref: Göbl 102
(52) Sogdiana c. 300-500 AD
Obverse: head left
Reverse: archer right holding bow and arrow
Ref: Mitch., Central Asia, 16; Mitch., I...
(53) Tarsos 379-362 BC
Obverse: Head of Nymph? facing slightly left wearing earrings and necklace
Reverse: Bearded head of Ares? left wearing crested Attic style helmet
Ref: SNG France 303ff var.; SNG Levante ...
(54) Tissaphernes c. 400-395 BC
AE unit Astyra
Obverse: head of Tissaphernes* right, short beard; TIΣΣA
Reverse: facing cult statue of Artemis Astyra wearing kalathos, club right; AΣTYPH
Ref: SNG BnF 124A, Klein 253, Winzer 6.2
(55) Uvug 470-440 BC
Obverse: Forepart of winged human-headed bull right
Reverse: Male? head right; OFOV (Uvug) within incuse square
Ref: Babelon, Traité, 315 ff var.; SNG v...
(56) Vekhssere I 440-430 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Reverse: Laureate head of Apollo right; diskeles to right; all within incuse square
Ref: Müseler V.11; Vismara, Wekhssere, 6...
(57) Vologases III 111-146 AD
Obverse: diademed bust with long beared and earring
Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow ;ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩN ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, Φ_(TA) monogram
Ref: Sellwood 78.3; Shore 413-4.
(58) Vologases III 105 - 147 BC
Obverse: Bare-headed bust left with long pointed beard; wearing diadem with loop at the top; s, earring visible. Neck torque contains row of pellets; beaded border.
Reverse: Archer seated right on throne holding bow. Greek inscription ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ or similar, below bow
Ref: Sellwood Type 78 var
(59) Zoilos II 55-35 BCE
Obverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΖΟΙΛΟΥ (Diademed and draped bust right)
Reverse: Maharajasa tratarasa Jhoilasa (Athena Promachos advancing left, hurling thunderbolt and holding shield), monograms in field
Ref: None provided