Coins from Lydian Satrapy
In 547 BC, the Lydian king Croesus besieged and captured the Persian city of Pteria in Cappadocia and enslaved its inhabitants. The Persian king Cyrus The Great marched with his army against the Lydians. The Battle of Pteria resulted in a stalemate, forcing the Lydians to retreat to their capital city of Sardis. Some months later the Persian and Lydian kings met at the Battle of Thymbra. Cyrus won and captured the capital city of Sardis by 546 BC. Lydia became a province (satrapy) of the Persian Empire. Tabalus, appointed by Cyrus the Great was the first satrap; however, his rule did not last long as the Lydians revolted. The insurrection was suppressed by general Mazares and his successor Harpagus. After Cyrus' death, Oroetus was appointed as satrap. Oroetus ruled during the reign of Cambyses, and after the chaotic period that followed the Persian king's death, he conquered the Greek isle of Samos, killing its ruler Polycrates. Due to his growing power, Darius the Great had Bagaeus kill Oroetus. Bagaeus himself may have become satrap for a short period, but the next rulers were Otanes and Darius' younger brother, Artaphernes.
Lydian Satrapy
An AE unit struck c. 380-355 BC in Sardis?
Obverse: head of Autophradates right, wearing Persian tiara

Reverse: monoskelis

Diameter: 9 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.4 g
No notes for this coin
Winzer 11.7.
(2) Tissaphernes
An AE unit struck c. 400-395 BC in Astyra
Obverse: head of Tissaphernes* right, short beard; TIΣΣA

Reverse: facing cult statue of Artemis Astyra wearing kalathos, club right; AΣTYPH

Diameter: 11 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.3 g
*This is probably the oldest coin depicting living person.
SNG BnF 124A, Klein 253, Winzer 6.2