Coins from Parthian Empire
The Partian Empire was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran and Iraq.

It was founded in the mid 3rd Century BC when Arsaces I conquered the region of Parthia in Iran.

The earliest enemies of the Parthians were the Seleucids in the west and the Scythians in the east. However, as Parthia expanded westward, they came into conflict with the Kingdom of Armenia, and eventually the late Roman Republic.

The Parthian Empire finally succumbed to internal revolt in 224 AD, and was supplanted by the Sassanid Empire.
Parthian Empire
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 123-88 BC in Media
Obverse: Bare head bust 1., with medium beard, wearing diadem.

Reverse: Archer seated right on omphalos holding bow, palm branch in field to right, TV in exergue.

Diameter: 24.4 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 15.67 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Drachm struck 119-109 BC in Ecbatana
Obverse: bearded diademed bust left

Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.16 g
No notes for this coin
Sellwood 26.1; Shore 77
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An AR Drachm struck 123-88 BC in Media
Obverse: Long-bearded bust left wearing tiara

Reverse: Beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand; no border; six-line Greek inscription

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.07 g
No notes for this coin
Sellwood 29, feine Tönung, kl.Sr., ss
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An AR Drachm struck 87-79 BCE in Rhagai
Obverse: Bearded bust left wearing tiara with eight-pointed star, pellet ended torque

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ (Beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand)

Diameter: 21.84 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.17 g
No notes for this coin
Sellwood 31.6
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An AR Drachm struck 87-79 BC in Ecbatana
Obverse: bearded bust with tiara

Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, Δ above foot

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.02 g
Selwood's Orodes I
Sellwood 31.5 (Orodes I); Shore 123 (Orodos I); SGCV II 7389 (Orodos I); BMC Parthia p. 42, 4 (Sinatruces); Sunrise 308 var. (legend arrangement)
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An AR Drachm struck 57-38 BC in Ecbatana
Obverse: bearded and diademed bust left, wart on forehead, torque ends in griffin, star left, crescent over star right

Reverse: archer seated on throne right, wearing balshyk and cloak, holding bow, anchor with trident-like end behind; BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN APΣAKOY EYEPΓETOY ΔIKAIOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ, (TA)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4 g
No notes for this coin
Shore 261, Sellwood 48.9, Sunrise 381, SNG Cop 96; BMC Parthia p. 91, 195
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An AR Drachm struck 111-146 AD in Ecbatana
Obverse: diademed bust with long beared and earring

Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow ;ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩN ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, Φ_(TA) monogram

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.8 g
No notes for this coin
Sellwood 78.3; Shore 413-4.
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An AR Drachm struck 105 - 147 BC in Ecbatana
Obverse: Bare-headed bust left with long pointed beard; wearing diadem with loop at the top; s, earring visible. Neck torque contains row of pellets; beaded border.

Reverse: Archer seated right on throne holding bow. Greek inscription ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ or similar, below bow

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.43 g
No notes for this coin
Sellwood Type 78 var