Sidon - A settlement in Phoenicia
Sidon was one of the most important Phoenician cities, and it may have been the oldest. From there and other ports a great Mediterranean commercial empire was founded. Homer praised the skill of its craftsmen in producing glass, purple dyes, and its women's skill at the art of embroidery. It was also from here that a colonizing party went to found the city of Tyre.

When Sidon fell under Roman domination, it continued to mint its own silver coins. The Romans also built a theater and other major monuments in the city. In the reign of Elagabalus a Roman colony was established there, and was given the name of Colonia Aurelia Pia Sidon.

During the Byzantine period, when the great earthquake of AD 551 destroyed most of the cities of Phoenice, Beirut's School of Law took refuge in Sidon. The town continued quietly for the next century, until it was conquered by the Arabs in AD 636.

Modern location: Sidon, Lebanon

(1) Caracalla 215-217 AD
Obverse: laureate draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AVT KAI AN_TWNINOC CE
Reverse: eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, Europa on bull below; ΔHMAPX__EΞ VΠATOC Δ
Ref: Prieur 1357