Lampsakos - A settlement in Mysia
Lampsakos was an ancient Greek city strategically located on the eastern side of the Hellespont in Mysia.

Originally known as Pityusa or Pityussa, it was colonized from Phocaea and Miletus and during the 6th and 5th centuries BC, Lampsacus was successively dominated by Lydia, Persia, Athens, and Sparta; Artaxerxes I assigned it to Themistocles with the expectation that the city supply the Persian king with its famous wine.

A revolt against the Athenians in 411 BC was put down by force. In 196 BC, the Romans defended the town against Antiochus the Great, and it became an ally of Rome, under whose sovereignty it prospered.

The philosopher Anaxagoras was forced to retire to Lampsacus after a trial in Athens around 434-33 BC. The citizens of Lampsacus erected an altar to Mind and Truth in his honor, and observed the anniversary of his death for many years.

Modern location: Unknown

(1) Alexander III | Antigones I c. 310-301 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lion's skin right
Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, forepart of pegasus left in the left field; AΛEΞANΔPOY / (NO)
Ref: Price 1382; Müller 612
(2) Augustus 27 BC-14 AD
AE unit Lampsakos
Obverse: CEBACTOY, Head of Augustus facing right, wearing laurel wreath
Reverse: ΛAMΨAK, Priapus standing facing left
Ref: RPC I 2274
(3) Lampsakos 400-200 BC
Obverse: Janiform female head
Reverse: helmeted head of Athena right, bee to the right; ΛA_M
Ref: SNG France 1190
(4) Lampsakos c. 500-450 BC
Obverse: forepart of Pegasos right
Reverse: quadripartite incuse square
Ref: Traité I 104 = J.P. Six, "Monnaies ...