Coins from Scythia
Scythia - the area north of Moesia and eastwards along the norther shore of the Black-Sea - was home to numerous Greek colonies and other coin-producing settlements. It includes the regions of Taurica and Sarmatia.

The chief Greek settlements in the area were Harpis, Tyras, Borysthenes, Olbia, Kerkinitis, Tauric Chersonesos, Theodosia, Nymphaion, Kimmerikon, Panticapaeum, Hermonassa, Phanagoria, Gorgippia, and Tanais.


(1) Olbia c. 200-150 BC
AE unit Olbia
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right; countermark - helmeted head (of Athena ?) right
Reverse: Lyre; E_P / B_A/ EI_(PH) OΛBI
Ref: SNG BM Black Sea 637-8
(2) Pantikapaion 304-250 BC
Obverse: Head of beardless Pan left
Reverse: Strung bow and arrow; ΠAN
Ref: MacDonald 116; SNG BM Black Sea 901...
(3) Pantikapaion 300-200 BC
Obverse: Head of beardless Pan left, wreathed with ivy and grapes strung
Reverse: Bow and arrow; ΠAN (eight-rayed star countermark from undertype)
Ref: SNG Pushkin 956 (same undertype w/c...
(4) Pantikapaion c. 450-438/7 BC
Obverse: lion head facing
Reverse: incuse square, swastika pattern with stellate designs in two opposite quarters
Ref: Frolova, frühe, Type VIII; Anokhin ...
(5) Phanagoria 300-200 BC
AE unit Phanagoria
Obverse: Head of Silen wearing ivy-wreath right
Reverse: Bow and arrow; ΦA
Ref: SNG BM 994