Coins from Scythia
Scythia - the area north of Moesia and eastwards along the norther shore of the Black-Sea - was home to numerous Greek colonies and other coin-producing settlements. It includes the regions of Taurica and Sarmatia.

The chief Greek settlements in the area were Harpis, Tyras, Borysthenes, Olbia, Kerkinitis, Tauric Chersonesos, Theodosia, Nymphaion, Kimmerikon, Panticapaeum, Hermonassa, Phanagoria, Gorgippia, and Tanais.


(1) Koson/Cotis c. 40-25 BC
Obverse: togate L. Junius Brutus between two lictors left; KOΣΩN
Reverse: eagle left, holding wreath and scepter in talon
Ref: Iliescu 2; RPC I 1701B; BMC Thrace ...
(2) Caligula | Aspurgus 37-38 AD
AE 12 Units Pantikapaion
Obverse: ΓAIOY KAIΣAΡOΣ ΓEΡMANIKOY, Bare head of Caligula facing right
Reverse: No inscription, Head of King Aspurgus facing right, wearing diadem; BAP monogram and IB in fields
Ref: RPC I 1904
(3) Caracalla 212-217
Obverse: ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ Μ ΑΥΡ CЄΥΗΡΟC ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟ Laureate head of Caracalla to right
Reverse: ΤΥΡΑΝΩΝ Caracalla, holding spear in his right hand, riding to right
Ref: BMC -. SNG Copenhagen -. Zograph -
(4) Olbia c. 200-150 BC
AE unit Olbia
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right; countermark - helmeted head (of Athena ?) right
Reverse: Lyre; OΛBIO / B_A/ EI_(PH)
Ref: SNG BM Black Sea 637-8
(5) Olbia 300-200 BC
AE unit Olbia
Obverse: Head of the river-god Borysthenes left
Reverse: Axe-sceptre and bow-case; NOY(?) in left field
Ref: None provided
(6) Pantikapaion 304-250 BC
Obverse: Head of beardless Pan left
Reverse: Strung bow and arrow; ΠAN
Ref: MacDonald 116; SNG BM Black Sea 901...
(7) Pantikapaion 300-200 BC
Obverse: Head of beardless Pan left, wreathed with ivy and grapes strung
Reverse: Bow and arrow; ΠAN (eight-rayed star countermark from undertype)
Ref: SNG Pushkin 956 (same undertype w/c...
(8) Pantikapaion c. 450-438/7 BC
Obverse: lion head facing
Reverse: incuse square, swastika pattern with stellate designs in two opposite quarters
Ref: Frolova, frühe, Type VIII; Anokhin ...
Obverse: Head of Pan or of a satyr left
Reverse: Bow above arrow right
Ref: None provided
(10) Pantikapaion 310-304/3 BC
Obverse: Wreathed and beardless head of Pan left
Reverse: ΠAN / Head of lion left, sturgeon below
Ref: MacDonald 70
(11) Pantikapaion 310 - 303 BC
Obverse: Head of bearded Pan right
Reverse: Π-A-N, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below
Ref: MacDonald 69
(12) Pantikapaion 310-304/3 BC
Obverse: Bearded head of satyr Pan right
Reverse: Forepart of griffin left; below, sturgeon left.
Ref: Sear 1700; MacDonald 69; Anokhin 1...
(13) Phanagoria 300-200 BC
AE unit Phanagoria
Obverse: Head of Silen wearing ivy-wreath right
Reverse: Bow and arrow; ΦA
Ref: SNG BM 994
(14) Sauromates I 117-123 AD
AE unit Scythia
Obverse: BACIΛЄωC CAYPOMATOY / bust of king right
Reverse: MH / round shield with spear; horses head and axe in field to left; helmet and sword in field to right
Ref: Anokhin (Bosporus 1986) 464
(15) Sauromates II 174-210 AD
Obverse: BACILEWC CAVPOMATOV / bust of king right
Reverse: Aphrodite seated left on throne, holding apple. Star to the upper right
Ref: None provided
(16) Öz Beg Khan 1313 - 1341 AD
Ref: None provided