Sinope — A settlement in Paphlagonia
Long used as a Hittite port, which appears in Hittite sources as "Sinuwa", Sinope was re-founded as a Greek colony from the city of Miletus in the 7th century BC.

It flourished as the Black Sea port of a caravan route that led from the upper Euphrates valley.

Sinope escaped Persian domination until the early 4th century BC. It was ruled by Scydrothemis from 301 to 280 BC. In 183 BC it was captured by Pharnaces I and became capital of the Kingdom of Pontus.

The Roman general Lucullus conquered Sinope in 70 BC, and Julius Caesar established a Roman colony there, Colonia Julia Felix, in 47 BC. Mithradates Eupator was born and buried at Sinope, and it was the birthplace of Diogenes, poet and actor of the New Attic comedy.

Modern location: Sinop, Turkey
(1) Sinope
An AR Drachm struck 490-425 BC in Sinope
Obverse: stylized head of eagle left

Reverse: quadripartite incuse square with two opposing quarters filled, the others stippled

Diameter: 15 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.7 g
No notes for this coin
SNG BM Black Sea 1359-63; HGC 7, 384.
(2) Sinope
An AR Drachm struck c. 330-300 BC in Sinope
Obverse: Nymph

Reverse: Eagle with dolphin

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6.1 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin