Postumus Emperor (usurper) of the Gallic Empire from 260 to 269.
Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus was a Roman commander of provincial origin who ruled as emperor in the west.

The Roman army in Gaul threw off its allegiance to Gallienus around the year 260, and Postumus assumed the title and powers of emperor in the provinces of Gaul, Germania, Britannia and Hispania, thereby founding what scholars have dubbed the Gallic Empire.

Following the victories over Gallienus in 265, the Gallic Empire enjoyed a period of stability. However, in 269 the army in Germania Superior raised a usurper; Laelianus.

Although Postumus was able to capture Mogontiacum and kill Laelianus within a few months, he was unable to control his own troops, who wished to put Mogontiacum to the sack. When Postumus tried to restrain them, his men turned on him and killed him.
Postumus
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An BL Antoninianus struck 260–269 AD in Lugdunum
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and palm, captive at foot

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RIC 89, RSC 377; Sear 10996
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An BL Antoninianus struck 260-261 A.D. in Colonia Agrippinensis
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG

Reverse: VICTORIA AVG

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.2 g
50
RIC 89
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Postumus-Moneta.jpg
An BL Antoninianus struck 262-265 A.D. in Colonia Agrippinensis
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopiae

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.75 g
35
RIC 75
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/POstumus-saecul.jpg
An BL Antoninianus struck 259-268 A.D. in Colonia Agrippinensis
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right

Reverse: SAECVLI FELICTAS, Postumus standing right with spear & globe

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.6 g
30
RIC 83
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/POSTUMUS-VIC2.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 260-261 A.D. in Lugdunum
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and palm, captive at foot.

Diameter: 22.3 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.6 g
30
RIC 89
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An BL Antoninianus struck 268 AD in Treveri
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left, P in left field

Diameter: 20.3 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.95 g
No notes for this coin
RIC V 318, SRCV III 10967
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An AR Antoninianus struck 262 AD in Lugdunum
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Bust of Postumus facing right, wearing crown, cuirass, and drapery

Reverse: P M TR P IIII COS III P P, Mars walking right with trophy and transverse spear

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 2.9 g
No notes for this coin
RIC V Postumus 57
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/234_Postumus_Moneta.jpg
An BL Antoninianus struck 263-265 AD in Treveri
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG

Reverse: Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia; M_ONET_A AVG

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.24 g
Treveri issue 3, 263-265 AD
RIC V-II Lyons 75, C 199
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/247_Postumus_Hercules.jpg
An BL Antoninianus struck 262 AD in Treveri
Obverse: radiate draped cuirassed bust right; IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG

Reverse: Hercules standing left, holding branch and club with lion's skin; HERC_PACIFERO

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.97 g
Treveri issue 2, 262 AD
RIC V-II Lyons 67; RSC 101; Sear
(10) Postumus
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Obverse: Postumus IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG

Reverse: Galley LATITIA AVG

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 2.44 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(11) Postumus
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An AR Antoninianus struck 268 in Cologne
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left with branch and sceptre.

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.1 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 318, RSC 215, Elmer 333; Sear 10966
(12) Postumus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Postumus_(Obv_and_Rev).jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 268 in Colonia Agrippinensis
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: P M TR P VIIII COS IIII P P, bow, club and Skythian quiver

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.38 g
This was a turbulent time for the Roman empire. Following a succession of stop-gap emperors, the empire was beginning to fall apart and a breakaway state in the west, the so called “Gallic Empire” was formed. It included the German, Gallic , Spanish and British provinces and lasted for almost fifteen years. That it was able to endure for this length of time is a testament to the temporary weakness of the central government in Rome brought on by successive military catastrophies and failed economic policies of the preceding decades. It’s first emperor was Marcus Latinius Cassianius Postumus. Whilst Gallienus, ruling from Rome, debased the coinage to the extent that it’s silver content was negligible, Postumus maintained a higher standard of silver content in the coinage issued from his mint in Cologne. Furthermore, the portrait quality of his coins were frequently superb (although he does look a little like Santa Claus wearing a crown, doesn’t he?) and the reverse types interesting. This particular coin type, with the reverse depicting a bow, club and Skythian quiver, is rare - particularly in this state of preservation. Even rarer is a version of the coin depicting Postumus as Hercules, facing left and wearing a lion skin over his shoulder. A beautfiful specimen hammered at UK auction for £8,000 in 2020.
RIC 291; Cunetio 2447; Sear 10975