Neandreia - A settlement in Troas
Neandreia was a Greek city in the south-west of the Troad region of Anatolia.

The first settlers of Neandreia probably chose the site because it is highly defensible and commands impressive views over travel along two axes: north-south along the western coast of the Troad, and east-west from the coast into the middle Skamander valley. In the 5th century BCE Neandreia was a member of the Delian League and is recorded paying a tribute to Athens of 2,000 drachmas.

In ca. 310 BCE Antigonus I Monophthalmus founded the city of Antigonia Troas (after 301 BCE renamed Alexandria Troas) as a synoecism of the surrounding cities of the Troad, including Neandreia. The earliest coinage of the newly synoecized city adopted the coin types of Neandreia, which displayed a grazing horse, and this remained Alexandria Troas' emblem on its coinage for the rest of antiquity. From this point on, Neandreia had no independent political existence.

Modern location: Çığrı Dağ, Turkey

(1) Neandreia c. 410-370 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: ram right; NEA / N
Ref: SNG Cop 446; SNGvA 7628; SNG Munche...