Coins from Persia
Persia is an area in Western Asia and Central Asia, Geologically, it is situated between the Zagros Mountains to the west, the Caspian Sea and the Kopet Dag to the north, the Armenian Highlands and the Caucasus Mountains in the northwest, the Strait of Hormuz and Persian Gulf to the south and the Indus River to the east in Pakistan.

As a historical region, it includes Aria, Baktria, Chorasmia, Gandhara, Margiana, Media, Persis and Sogdiana - even if this is not the strict geological defintion of the Iranian plateau.


(1) Abdagases I 50-65 AD
Obverse: King on horseback right, letter before; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥ??AV?ΝΔΙΦEΡΟΑΔΕΛΦΙΔΕШC
Reverse: Zeus with scepter right Gadapharabhradaputrasa maharajasa tradatasa Avadagasasa
Ref: Senior 227.18
(2) Antimachos I 171-160 BC
Obverse: Bust right
Reverse: Poseidon
Ref: None provided
(3) Antimachos I 174-165 BCE
Obverse: Draped bust of Antimachos I right, wearing kausia
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘΕΟΥ ΑΝΤΙΜΑΧΟΥ (Poseidon stg. facing, holding trident and palm branch; in lower r. field, monogram.)
Ref: Mitchiner 124ff., Bopearachchi séri...
(4) Apollodotos I 180-160 BCE
Obverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ (Apollo standing facing, holding arrow and resting bow on ground)
Reverse: Maharajasa Apaladatasa tratarasa (Tripod), monogram in field
Ref: Mitchiner 209, HGCS 12/120
(5) Azes I 58-12 BCE
Obverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY AZOY (King mounted on horse right, holding whip, Karoshti letter (ka) in field)
Reverse: Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayasa (Athena standing right, holding shield and spear, making benediction gesture), tamga and monogram in field
Ref: HGCS 12/637
(6) Azes I 58-12 BC
AE unit Taxila
Obverse: humped bull right; (MP) above; shi under head; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩИ ΜΕΓΛΟΥ / AZOY
Reverse: lion right; monogram above; Maharajasa rajadirajasa mahatasa / Ayasa
Ref: MIG 850, Sen 102.100
(7) Azes I 58-12 BC
Obverse: king on horse rising hand holding whip; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩИ ΜΕΓΛΟΥ / AZOY, san
Reverse: Zeus with rod holding Nike; Maharajasa rajadirajasa mahatasa / Ayasa, monogram / M / dhram
Ref: MIG 854i, Sen 105.340T
(8) Azes I 57-35 BC
Obverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ / ΑZΟΥ King on camel right, holding ankus
Reverse: Zebu bull (or yak) standing right; monogram below
Ref: Mitchiner 2325 or 2326
(9) Azes II 35 BC - 10 AD
Ref: None provided
(10) Baktria 295/3-285/3 BC
Obverse: head of Athena right, wearing earring, necklace and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and spiral palmette on the bowl wire necklace, round earring; monogram
Reverse: owl standing right, grape bunch over tail; olive sprig and crescent above; AΘE
Ref: Roma XIV, 354; Bopearachchi, Sophyt...
(11) Baktria 305-294 BC
Obverse: head of Athena right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl
Reverse: eagle standing left, head right, grape cluster on vine with leaf above
Ref: Roma XIV, 334; Bopearachchi, Sophyt...
(12) Eukratides I 171-145 BCE
Obverse: Diademed bust of king right
Reverse: Diademed bust of king right Rev.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΚΡΑΤΙΔΟΥ (Two pilei surmounted by stars and two palm branches), monogram in field
Ref: HGCS 12/138
(13) Genghis Khan 1206 - 1227 AD
Obverse: Defender of the Faith, Commander of the Faithful
Reverse: The Just, Supreme Khan
Ref: Tye 329
(14) Gondophares | Hermaios c. 30-10 BC
Obverse: diademed and draped bust of Hermaios right; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ / EPMAIOY
Reverse: Zeus seated half left, wearing himation, raised hand, holding scepter; Maharaajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior)
Ref: Senior Hermaios 42aT.1, Mitchiner I...
(15) Hormizd IV 579-590 AD
Obverse: Crowned Bust of Hormizd IV to right
Reverse: Zoroastrian fire altar with two attendants
Ref: None provided
(16) Huvishka 158-195 AD
Obverse: King riding on elephant right, holding trident
Reverse: Deity standing facing, nimbate, offering diadem with right hand, the diadem ends encircling the tamgha at left
Ref: None provided
(17) Kanishka I 127-150 CE
Obverse: þAO KANηþK[I] (Crowned, diademed king standing facing, holding spear and sacrificing at altar at left)
Reverse: MAO (Lunar deity Mao standing left, holding sword hilt and holding out hand in blessing, lunar crescents on shoulders), tamga in field
Ref: Göbl 774, MAC 3079
(18) Kanishka I 127-152 AD
Obverse: king Kanishka standing left sacrificing over altar, holding scepter; ÞAO KA_NHÞKI
Reverse: god Atar standing left, wreath in right hand; AΘÞO monogram down-left
Ref: Göbl 772, MAC 3082-84
(19) Khusro I? 531-579 AD
Obverse: Crowned bust right
Reverse: Fire altar flanked by attendants
Ref: None provided
(20) Khusro II 591-628 AD
Obverse: Crowned bust right.
Reverse: Fire altar and attendants.
Ref: None provided
(21) Khusro II 590-628 AD
Obverse: Bearded bust right wearing winged crown surmounted by star in crescent
Reverse: Zoroastrian fire altar; on either side of altar, attendant facing
Ref: None provided
(22) Menandros I 165-130 BC
Obverse: helmeted draped bust right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHΡOΣ / MENANΔΡOΥ
Reverse: Athena Alkidemos left hurling lightning and holding shield; Mahara_ja_sa Tratarasa / Menadrasa, (HΔIM)
Ref: SNG ANS 879 ff., Bopearachchi 16I, ...
(23) Mithradates II 123-88 BC
Obverse: Bare head bust 1., with medium beard, wearing diadem.
Reverse: Archer seated right on omphalos holding bow, palm branch in field to right, TV in exergue.
Ref: None provided
(24) Mithradates II 119-109 BC
Obverse: bearded diademed bust left
Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ
Ref: Sellwood 26.1; Shore 77
(25) Mithradates II 123-88 BC
Obverse: Long-bearded bust left wearing tiara
Reverse: Beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand; no border; six-line Greek inscription
Ref: Sellwood 29, feine Tönung, kl.Sr., ...
(26) Mithradates III 87-79 BCE
Obverse: Bearded bust left wearing tiara with eight-pointed star, pellet ended torque
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ (Beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand)
Ref: Sellwood 31.6
(27) Mithradates III 87-79 BC
Obverse: bearded bust with tiara
Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, Δ above foot
Ref: Sellwood 31.5 (Orodes I); Shore 123...
(28) Orodes II 57-38 BC
Obverse: bearded and diademed bust left, wart on forehead, torque ends in griffin, star left, crescent over star right
Reverse: archer seated on throne right, wearing balshyk and cloak, holding bow, anchor with trident-like end behind; BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN APΣAKOY EYEPΓETOY ΔIKAIOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ, (TA)
Ref: Shore 261, Sellwood 48.9, Sunrise 3...
(29) Shapur II 309-379 CE
AR Drachm Mint IX | Kabul
Obverse: Pahlavi legend (Crowned bust right)
Reverse: Fire altar flanked by attendants, bust right in flames
Ref: SNS III Type Ib1/3a; Göbl Type Ia/6...
(30) Shapur II 309-379 AD
AR Drachm Kabul | Mint IX?
Obverse: Crowned bust right of Shapur II
Reverse: Fire altar with two attendants; bust right within flames
Ref: Göbl 102
(31) Shri Samanta Deva 950-1000 AD
Obverse: Knight on horse
Reverse: Bull
Ref: None provided
(32) Sogdiana c. 300-500 AD
Obverse: head left
Reverse: archer right holding bow and arrow
Ref: Mitch., Central Asia, 16; Mitch., I...
(33) Sri Spalapati Deva 750-900 AD
Obverse: Nandi bull reclining left, Nagari Sri Spalapati Deva (Honorable Chief Commander) above
Reverse: Horseman prancing right with lance, remnants of cursive Bactrian legend before
Ref: None provided
(34) Vologases III 111-146 AD
Obverse: diademed bust with long beared and earring
Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow ;ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩN ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, Φ_(TA) monogram
Ref: Sellwood 78.3; Shore 413-4.
(35) Vologases III 105 - 147 BC
Obverse: Bare-headed bust left with long pointed beard; wearing diadem with loop at the top; s, earring visible. Neck torque contains row of pellets; beaded border.
Reverse: Archer seated right on throne holding bow. Greek inscription ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ or similar, below bow
Ref: Sellwood Type 78 var
(36) Zoilos II 55-35 BCE
Obverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΖΟΙΛΟΥ (Diademed and draped bust right)
Reverse: Maharajasa tratarasa Jhoilasa (Athena Promachos advancing left, hurling thunderbolt and holding shield), monograms in field
Ref: None provided