Celtic Coins
Celtic coinage was minted by the Celts from the late 4th century BC to the late 1st century BC.

Celtic coin designs were influenced by trade with and the supply of mercenaries to the Greeks, and initially copied Greek designs, especially Macedonian coins from the time of Philip II of Macedon and his son, Alexander the Great.

In addition to gold and silver coins, the Celts on the continent and in southern Britain also produced potin coins using various combinations of copper and tin. These were small in size and were cast, not struck or hammered as were the dearer gold and silver coins.
Celtic
(1) Aedui
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An AR Quinarius struck an unknown year in Lugdunensis
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.9 g
Ex Harlan J. Berk
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Stater struck 58 BC - AD 43 in British Isles
Obverse: Wreath, cloak and crescents

Reverse: Disjointed horse left, with rectangular head, body of crescents, four vertical legs, three roughly horizontal lines for tail; pellet below; twelve pellets above

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.99 g
No notes for this coin
ABC 2157; VA 1235-1; BMC 2525-46; SCBC 366
(3) Eastern Celts
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 120-10 BC in Thrace | Moesia
Obverse: head of young Dionysos right with ivy wreath

Reverse: nude Heracles left holding club, lion skin over shoulder; HPAKΛEOYΣ / ΣΩTHPOΣ, M / ΘAΣIΩN

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 16.14 g
Thasos imitative
Prokopov, Silberprägung group XII; cf. SNG Copenhagen 1046.
(4) Eastern Celts
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 2nd - 1st cent in Thrace | Moesia
Obverse: Stylized wreathed head of Dionysos right

Reverse: Stylized Herakles standing facing, head left, holding club, with lion skin draped over arm; H in inner right field

Diameter: 32 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 16.07 g
In imitation of Thasos off Thrace
Lanz 961-4; Göbl, OTA Class II; cf. HGC 6, 359 (for prototype)
(5) Eastern Celts
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 120-10 BC in Thrace | Moesia
Obverse: head of young Dionysos right with ivy wreath

Reverse: nude Heracles facing holding club, lion skin over shoulder illegible lugend (HPAKΛEOYΣ / ΣΩTHPOΣ / ΘAΣIΩN)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.3 g
No notes for this coin
Dembski 1524-1525; OTA Class IV.
(6) Eastern Celts | Alexander III
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An AR Didrachm struck 300-100 BC in Galatia
Obverse: head of young Herakles right, wearing lion's skin

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle (goose)?; crescent left, AΛEΞANΔPOY (ΔIP) ?

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.7 g
imitation of Carrhae?
Price B 40 (Var.) - Imitation Price 3816/3820?
(7) Eastern Celts | Demetrius I
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An AR Diobol struck 150-50? BC in Galatia
Obverse: diademed head right

Reverse: cornucopiae IMBA?

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.2 g
probably imitation of Demetrius I drachm
No references provided for this coin
(8) Eastern Celts | Philip III
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An AR Tetradrachm struck an unknown year in Thrace | Moesia
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 15.26 g
Imitation of Philip III tetradrachm
Castelin 1347
(9) Eastern Celts | Philip III
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An AR unit struck an unknown year in Thrace | Moesia
Obverse: Philip II?

Reverse:

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.9 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(10) Iceni
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An AR Unit struck c. AD 10-30 in Britannia
Obverse: Double crescents back to back with two pellets between and lines and rows of pellets extending outwards

Reverse: Stylised horse prancing right, with grain ear mane; [pelletal sun above], reversed S before, pellet triad, line of three pellets and [obscured monogram] below

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: 9 H
Weight: 1.24 g
Before the Romans arrived Britain was shared by several Celtic tribes; the Iceni being centred on the Norfolk area (but also occupying surrounding parts of Suffolk and Cambridgeshire). The Iceni are probably best known as the tribe that, united with the Trinovantes (from the area north east of London), ran riot over Roman rule under their warrior queen Boudicca. This coin, whose Celtic name has never been discovered, is simply referred to as a ‘silver unit’. It is tiny at just 14mm diameter and weighing in at 1.24g. All of these coins weighed the same (1.25g); a standard which was maintained for over 100 years to an extremely small tolerance, an amazing techical achievement for the time. As with all Celtic coinage the design is somewhat abstract. On the obverse is an ornate pattern, resembling 2 C’s back to back across an ornate belt, with patterns around. This has been progressively derived from the hair & laurel head band of Apollo on Greek coins, whose face has since disappeared. The reverse shows a horse galloping towards the right, a dotted wheel above it’s back, and various dots around. The charioteer has disappeared, and what remains of the chariot is the wheel floating above. Some of the dots and symbols are not mere random decoration but part of a series of coded control marks, probably denoting the issuing mint and moneyer. The coins were struck on concave blanks which were only about two-thirds of the size of the dies, so the entire design is never seen on one specimen.
Cf. ABC 1645; cf. SCBC 441; cf. BMC 3856-3959
(11) Leuci
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An AE unit struck c. 70-52 BC in Tullum?
Obverse: male head left with 3 locks of hair

Reverse: boar left; two circles below

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
CCCBM III 398 - 404; Castelin 578 - 581
(12) Remi
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An AE unit struck c. 100-50 BC in Durocortorum?
Obverse: warrior king walking right holding torc and spear

Reverse: bear right attacking snake right

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
De La Tour 8124, SGCV I 136
(13) Remi
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An Potin struck an unknown year in an unknown location
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3 g
Area of Reims
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Drachm struck ~300-0 BC in Syrmia Region
Obverse: Head with point-eyes, ball-cheeks, neckbeard, and moon-shaped ear facing right, wearing a laurel-wreath.

Reverse: Horse to the left, circle above (mostly off flan)

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 1.4 g
No notes for this coin
Kostial 506
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An AR Tetradrachm struck an unknown year in Syrmia Region
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Drachm struck 300-100 BC in Syrmia Region
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right (kugelwange)

Reverse: horserider left

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
???
(17) Segobriga
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An Fourree Denarius struck 130-80 BC in Segobriga
Obverse: head right, crescent behind M below

Reverse: horseman with spear riding right; SEKoBiRIKeS

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.5 g
No notes for this coin
ACIP 1869; SNG BM Spain 1049–51
(18) Serdi
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An AE unit struck 168-31 BC in Thrace
Obverse: Head of rivergod Strymon right

Reverse: Wide trident

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 8.37 g

Celtic imitation of Macedonian issue from 185-168 BC. Overstrike of Thessalonica, 187-31 BC, head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right, goat standing right, ΘEΣΣA_ΛO / N_IK_HΣ, (NE) / ? other monograms, Sear #1466; BMC Macedonia p. 110, 10 - 16. Head of goat and one ivy-leaf under Strymon's head are slightly visible. Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.

type: (A?)5B; imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
(19) Serdi
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An AE unit struck 168-31 BC in Thrace
Obverse: Head of rivergod Strymon right

Reverse: Wide trident; MAKE / ?ΔONΩN?

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 6.7 g

Celtic imitation of Macedonian issue from 185-168 BC. Overstrike of Thessalonica, 158-31 BC, head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right, goat standing right, ΘEΣΣA_ΛO / N_IK_HΣ, (NE) / ? other monograms, Sear #1466; BMC Macedonia p. 110, 10 - 16. Wave on Strymon's face is relic of original coin also there is slightly visible inscription (perpendicular to trident). Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.

type E3A, imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
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An AR Quinarius struck c. 50 BC in Raetia
Obverse: stylized head with strands left (precursor of the Büschelquinar type)

Reverse: horse left; pellet above

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 1.74 g

Vindelici lived in the area of today's Switzerland, southern Germany and western Austria.

Kellner, Gruppe A, CCCBM II 215-216. SLM 1105