Phaselis - A settlement in Lycia
Phaselis was an ancient Greek and Roman city on the coast of Lycia. It was founded by the Rhodians in 700 BC.

Because of its location on an isthmus separating two harbours, it became the most important harbour city of eastern Lycia and an important centre of commerce between Greece, Asia, Egypt, and Phoenicia, although it did not belong to the Lycian League. The city was captured by Persians after they conquered Asia Minor, and was later captured by Alexander the Great.

After the death of Alexander, the city remained in Egyptian hands from 209 BC to 197 BC, under the dynasty of Ptolemaios, and with the conclusion of the Apamea treaty, was handed over to the Rhodian Peraia, together with the other cities of Lycia. From 190 BC to 160 BC it remained under Rhodeian hegemony, but after 160 BC it was absorbed into the Lycian confederacy under Roman rule. In the 3rd century AD, the harbor fell under the threat of pirates. So it began to lose importance, suffering further losses at the hands of Arab ships, until totally impoverished in the 11th century. When the Seljuqs began to concentrate on Alanya and Antalya as ports, Phaselis ceased to be a port of any note.

Modern location: Ruins

(1) Phaselis c. 500-440 BC
Obverse: Prow of galley right; uncertain controlmark below
Reverse: Stern of galley left; ΦAΣ
Ref: SNG von Aulock-; Cf Heipp-Tamer 72