Ecbatana - A settlement in Media
Ecbatana was an ancient city in Media in western Iran. It is believed that Ecbatana is in Tappe-ye Hagmatāna, an archaeological mound in Hamedan.

According to Herodotus, Ecbatana was chosen as the Medes' capital in the late 8th century BC by Deioces. Under the Achaemenid Persian kings, Ecbatana became a summer residence. Later, it became the capital of the Parthian kings, at which time it became their main mint, producing drachm, tetradrachm, and assorted bronze denominations.

In 2006, excavations in a limited area of Hagmatana hill failed to discover anything older than the Parthian period, but this does not rule out older archaeological layers existing elsewhere within the 35-hectare site.

Modern location: Hamedan, Iran

(1) Mithradates II 119-109 BC
Obverse: bearded diademed bust left
Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ
Ref: Sellwood 26.1; Shore 77
(2) Mithradates III 87-79 BC
Obverse: bearded bust with tiara
Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, Δ above foot
Ref: Sellwood 31.5 (Orodes I); Shore 123...
(3) Orodes II 57-38 BC
Obverse: bearded and diademed bust left, wart on forehead, torque ends in griffin, star left, crescent over star right
Reverse: archer seated on throne right, wearing balshyk and cloak, holding bow, anchor with trident-like end behind; BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN APΣAKOY EYEPΓETOY ΔIKAIOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ, (TA)
Ref: Shore 261, Sellwood 48.9, Sunrise 3...
(4) Vologases III 111-146 AD
Obverse: diademed bust with long beared and earring
Reverse: archer without beard, with cloak and bashlyk seated on throne, holding bow ;ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩN ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, Φ_(TA) monogram
Ref: Sellwood 78.3; Shore 413-4.