Pitane - A settlement in Aeolis
Pitane was an ancient town in Aeolis. Excavations in the necropolis of Pitane revealed ceramic finds from the Mycenaean, protogeometric, geometric, orientalizing and the Archaic Greece periods. It is believed to be the northernmost point of the Mycenaean influence in Anatolia.

In the fifth century BCE Pitane was a member of the Delian League and is recorded as paying a tribute of 1,000 drachmas. In 335 BCE, Alexander the Great's general Parmenion laid siege to the city as part of a campaign against the Persian Empire, but the city was saved by the Persian general Memnon of Rhodes.

During the reign of the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter, Pitane was able to expand its territory by paying the king 380 talents to purchase some territory. This territory was the subject of a dispute with the city of Mytilene on nearby Lesbos in the mid-second century BCE which was arbitrated by Pergamon. We also learn from this document that in the Hellenistic period Pitane was a free city.

In 84 BCE Mithridates VI while evading the Roman general Gaius Flavius Fimbria fled to Pitane, where he was besieged by Fimbria before escaping to Mytilene by sea.

Modern location: Çandarlı, Turkey

(1) Pitane 400-200 BC
AE unit Pitane
Obverse: head of Zeus-Ammon right
Reverse: pentagram, • in center; Π_I_T_A_N
Ref: BMC 171, 5; SNG France 2349; Tuebin...