Susa - A settlement in Babylonia
Susa was an ancient city of the Proto-Elamite, Elamite, First Persian Empire, Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian empires of Iran, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East. It is located in the lower Zagros Mountains about 250 km east of the Tigris River, between the Karkheh and Dez Rivers.

Susa underwent a major political and ethnocultural transition when it became part of the Persian Achaemenid empire between 540 and 539 BCE when it was captured by Cyrus the Great during his conquest of Elam (Susiana), of which Susa was the capital. Under Cyrus' son Cambyses II, Susa became a center of political power as one of 4 capitals of the Achaemenid Persian empire, while reducing the significance of Pasargadae as the capital of Persis.

Susa lost much of its importance when Alexander the Great conquered it in 331 BCE and incorporated the first Persian Empire. The Susa weddings was arranged by Alexander in 324 BCE in Susa, where mass weddings took place between the Persians and the Macedonians. Approximately one century after Alexander, Susa fell to the Seleucid Empire.

Modern location: Shush, Iran

(1) de Morgan c. 180-220 AD
Obverse: long beard, diademed bust left
Reverse: Artemis standing right with bow and arrow
Ref: Sear GIC 5919; Mitchiner ACW 721
(2) Kamnaskires-Orodes 100-150 AD
Obverse: diademed, long bearded bust facing; pellet inside crescent and double crossbar anchor right
Reverse: dashes
Ref: vant Haaff 12.3.1-2A2; BMC Arabia p...
(3) Orodes II 100-150 AD
Obverse: bearded head facing, wearing tiara; pellet inside crescent and anchor with double crossbar right
Reverse: dashes
Ref: vant Haaff 13.3.2-1A; BMC Arabia p....
(4) Phraates 100-150 AD
Obverse: Bearded head left wearing tiara; pellet inside crescent and anchor right
Reverse: Dashes
Ref: van