Pherai — A settlement in Thessaly
Pherai was a city in southeastern Thessaly. One of the oldest Thessalian cities it was located in the southeast corner of Pelasgiotis.

Thucydides lists Pherae among the early Thessalian supporters of Athens at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War. Toward the end of the war Lycophron established a tyranny at Pherae. On his death his son Jason became dictator and by 374 BC had extended his rule throughout Thessaly.

After Jason's assassination and that of his two successors, Alexander ruled Pherae with great harshness until he was killed by his wife, Thebe, in 359 B.C.E., and Thessaly was conquered by the Thebans.

In Roman times Pherae was conquered by Antiochus III in 191 BC, but lost the same year to the Roman consul of the year Manius Acilius Glabrio.

Modern location:
An AE Chalkous struck 369-359 BC in Pherai
Obverse: forepart of butting bull right

Reverse: forepart of horse right; AΛEΞAN / ΔPOY

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.5 g
No notes for this coin
BCD Thessaly II 708.2; HGC 4, 584
(2) Pherai
An AE unit struck c. 404-369 BC in Pherai
Obverse: head of Nymph Hypereia right, wearing wreath

Reverse: head of lion right, spouring water from mouth; ΦEPAI

Diameter: 11.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.55 g
No notes for this coin
Rogers 513; SNG Copenhagen 241