Pherai - A settlement in Thessaly
Pherai was a city in southeastern Thessaly. One of the oldest Thessalian cities it was located in the southeast corner of Pelasgiotis.

Thucydides lists Pherae among the early Thessalian supporters of Athens at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War. Toward the end of the war Lycophron established a tyranny at Pherae. On his death his son Jason became dictator and by 374 BC had extended his rule throughout Thessaly.

After Jason's assassination and that of his two successors, Alexander ruled Pherae with great harshness until he was killed by his wife, Thebe, in 359 B.C.E., and Thessaly was conquered by the Thebans.

In Roman times Pherae was conquered by Antiochus III in 191 BC, but lost the same year to the Roman consul of the year Manius Acilius Glabrio.

Modern location:

(1) Alexander (Tyrant) 369-359 BC
Obverse: forepart of butting bull right
Reverse: forepart of horse right; AΛEΞAN / ΔPOY
Ref: BCD Thessaly II 708.2; HGC 4, 584
(2) Pherai c. 404-369 BC
AE unit Pherai
Obverse: head of Nymph Hypereia right, wearing wreath
Reverse: head of lion right, spouring water from mouth; ΦEPAI
Ref: Rogers 513; SNG Copenhagen 241