Vabalathus Emperor (usurper) of the Palmyrene Empire from AD 271 to AD 272.
Lucius Julius Aurelius Septimius Vaballathus Athenodorus was king of the Palmyrene Empire centered at Palmyra, Syria, who came to power as a child, ruling with his regent, his mother Queen Zenobia.

Initially the Roman Emperor Aurelian recognized Vaballathus' rule, and early coins issued by Zenobia under Vaballathus's name, also acknowledge Aurelian as emperor.

Zenobia, however, soon declared an open rebellion and conquered most the the eastern provinces. The recently independent Palmyra lasted for three years, until the Romans took action, and conquered all Palmyrene land. After losing the Siege of Palmyra, Zenobia and Vabalathus were taken as hostages to Aurelian in Rome.

Their fates remain unknown.
Vabalathus
(1) Aurelian | Vabalathus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Vabalathus.jpg
An AE Antoninianus struck 271-272 AD in Antioch
Obverse: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate & cuir. bust of Aurelian right,, H under bust.

Reverse: VABALATHVS VCRIM DR, Laur., dr. and cuir. bust of Vabalathus right.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
No notes for this coin
RIC V.1 381
(2) Vabalathus | Aurelian
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/251.jpg
An AE Antoninianus struck 271-272 in Antioch
Obverse: Vabalathus "VABALATHVS VCRIM DR"

Reverse: Aurelian "IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG" S on bottom

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 381. Cohen 1; Sear 11718
(3) Vabalathus | Aurelian
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/114_Vabalathus.jpg
An AE Antoninianus struck 270-272 AD in Antioch
Obverse: laureate, draped bust of Vabalathus right from behind; VABALATHVS V C R IM D R

Reverse: radiate, cuirassed bust right; IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG / A

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.55 g
Antioch Issue 1, XI 270 – III 272 AD scarce
RIC V-1, 381 Antioch http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/3102