Apamea - A settlement in Syria
Apamea was an ancient Greek and Roman city. It was the capital of Apamene under the Macedonians, became the capital and Metropolitan Archbishopric of late Roman province Syria Secunda.

After the conquest of the region by Alexander the Great, Apamea fell under the command of Seleucus I from about 312 BC. From about 300 BC Apamea was fortified and established as a city by Seleucus who named it after his Bactrian wife, Apama daughter of the Sogdian warlord Spitamenes.

In 64 BC Pompey marched south from his winter quarters probably at or near Antioch and razed the fortress of Apamea when the city was annexed to the Roman Republic.

From 218 until 234 AD the legion II Parthica was stationed in Apamea, when it abandoned support of the usurper Macrinus to the emperor and sided with Elagabalus' rise to the purple who then defeated Macrinus in the Battle of Antioch.

Modern location: Ruins

(1) Apamea 10-9 BC
AE unit Apamea
Obverse: Head of Dionysos right wearing ivy-wreath
Reverse: Cornucopia; AΠAMEΩN / THΣ IEPAΣ // Γ T / KAI AΣYΛOY
Ref: RPC I 4354