Bostra - A settlement in Petraea
Bostra is first mentioned in the documents of Thutmose III and Akhenaten (14th century BC). It was the first Nabatean city in the 2nd century BC, and became a Roman city when the Nabatean Kingdom was conquered by Cornelius Palma, a general of Trajan, in 106 AD.

Under the Roman Empire, the city was renamed Nova Trajana Bostra and was the residence of the Legio III Cyrenaica. It was made capital of the Roman province of Arabia Petraea. It flourished and became a major metropolis at the juncture of several trade routes.

It became an important center for food production and during the reign of Emperor Philip I the Arab, and began to mint its own coins.

Modern location: Busra al-Sham, Syria

(1) Trajan 112 AD
Obverse: laureate bust right, draped shoulder; AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIAN CEB ΓEPM ΔAK
Reverse: Arabia facing, holding branch and cinnamon sticks, camel halfleft; ∆HMAPX__EΞ IϚ YΠAT Ϛ
Ref: RIC II 142, Woytek 285b, RSC II 89,...