Arados - A settlement in Phoenicia
Arados is an island and town in the Mediterranean Sea, off the cost of modern Syria.

The island was settled in the early 2nd millennium BC by the Phoenicians. Under Phoenician control, it became an independent kingdom called Arvad Aradus or Jazirat (the latter term meaning "island"). The Phoenician name for the city was probably 𐤀𐤉𐤍𐤊 (Aynook). The city has been cited as one of the first known examples of a republic in the world, in which the people, rather than a monarch, are described as sovereign. In Greek it was known as Arados.

Under the Persians, Arvad was allowed to unite in a confederation with Sidon and Tyre, with a common council at Tripolis. When Alexander the Great invaded Syria in 332 BC, Arvad submitted without a struggle under her king Strato, who sent his navy to aid Alexander in the reduction of Tyre. It seems to have received the favor of the Seleucid kings of Syria, and enjoyed the right of asylum for political refugees. It is mentioned in a rescript from Rome about 138 BC, in connection with other cities and rulers of the East, to show favor to the Jews.

Modern location: Arwad, Syria

(1) Arados
AE unit Arados
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus right
Reverse: Ram of prow left; uncertain Phoenician letter above
Ref: Cf. BMC 141
(2) Arados 121/120 BC
Obverse: Turreted, veiled and draped bust of city-goddess to right.
Reverse: APAΔIΩN Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond; to left, ΘΛP above phoenician letter w above ΘC; all within wreath.
Ref: HGC 10, 72
(3) Macrinus 217-218 AD
Obverse: laureate and draped bust right; AVT KA M__O C MAKPINOC CE
Reverse: eagle facing, head right, wreath in beak, head of bull below; ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠAT A
Ref: obv: Prieur 1249 / rev: Prieur 1248