It was founded in 206 BC by the great Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus to settle his veterans from the Second Punic Wars against Hannibal and the Carthaginians. The city was built upon a native Iberian town of the Turdetani dating back at least to the 4th c. BC. The name Italica reflected the veterans' Italian origins, i.e from auxiliary Italic units.
Modern location: Santiponce, Spain
Reverse: Aquila between two standards; MVNIC__ITALIC / PE_R / AV_G
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.4 g
Reverse: MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG, Altar inscribed PROVIDENTIAE AVGVSTI in three lines
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 13.59 g