Ptolemaeus King of Kingdom of Commagene from 163 BC to 130 BC.
Ptolemaeus of Commagene was the last satrap and first king of Commagene. He was of Orontid Armenian descent, being related to the king of Sophene Arsames I. His father was King Orontes IV of Armenia, son of Arsames I.

Ptolemaeus started out as Governor - Satrap - of Commagene under the Seleucid rulers Antiochus III, Seleucus IV, Antiochus IV, and Antiochus V Eupator. But when the Seleucid Empire began to disintegrate in 163 BC, Ptolemaeus decided to revolt and make Commagene an independent kingdom. He declared Samosata, the capital of Commagene under the Seleucid rule, as the capital of the new kingdom.

Ptolemaeus was, in fact, a relative to King Mithridates I of Parthia. Also, according to fragments of inscribed reliefs found at Mount Nemrut, archaeologists have discovered that Ptolemaeus was a descendant of King Darius I of Persia. He died in 130 BC and his wife is unknown. His son and successor was Sames II Theosebes Dikaios.
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