Philadelpheia - A settlement in Lydia
Philadelpheia was established in 189 BC by King Eumenes II of Pergamon. Eumenes II named the city for the love of his brother, who would be his successor, Attalus II, whose loyalty earned him the nickname, "Philadelphos", literally meaning "one who loves his brother".

It was in the administrative district of Sardis. In AD 17, the city suffered badly in an earthquake, and the Roman emperor Tiberius relieved it of having to pay taxes. A small theater located at the northern edge of Toptepe Hill is all that remains of Roman Philadelphia.

As a Byzantine city, it was called the "little Athens" in the 6th century AD because of its festivals and temples. It was the center of several revolts against ruling Byzantine emperors- in 1182, led by John Komnenos Vatatzes, and 1188–1205 or 1206, led by Theodore Mangaphas, a local Philadelphian, against Isaac II Angelos. By the 14th century, the city was surrounded by Turkish emirates but maintained nominal allegiance to the Byzantine emperor until conquered by Timur.

Modern location: Alaşehir, Turkey

(1) Philadelpheia | Hermippos 200-1 BC
Obverse: Macedonian shield (4 symetry)
Reverse: Winged thunderbolt, all within laurel wreath; EPMIΠ / ΠΩΣ / ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛ // ΦΕΩΝ
Ref: SNG Copenhagen 342; BMC 187.1-4var ...
(2) Septimius Severus 193-211 AD
Obverse: laureate head right; AY·K_AI·CЄOYHP_OC
Reverse: she-wolf right, head turned left, suckling Romulus and Remus; ΦIΛAΔEΛ / ΦEΩN
Ref: BMC 200.77.