Phoenician Coins
Phoenicians were Semitic-speaking people originating from the Levant specifically from modern-day Lebanon. They emerged from a turmoil of Bronze age collapse. As most of their cities were spared from destruction, they could fill power vacuum of dark age and estabilish trading routs through and even outside of Mediterranen Sea. Phoenicians developed the first real alphabet which they brought to the cultures they traded with so eventually the whole world except far east is using child systems of Phoenician alphabet today.
Phoenician
(1) Addirmilk | Aynel
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An AR 1/16 Shekel struck c. 348-332 BC in Byblos
Obverse: Galley with two soldiers left, below hippocamp left

Reverse: Lion bringing down a bull left; 'Ayin yodh nun 'aleph lamedh mem lamedh kaph gimel beth lamedh

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.7 g
No notes for this coin
Betlyon 21; SNG Copenhagen 134
(2) Akragas
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An AR Quarter-Shekel struck ~ 211-210 BCE in Akragas
Obverse: Head of Triptolemos to the right

Reverse: Horse gallopping right, ḤT underneath

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 1.11 g

This coin was struck during the 2nd Punic War.

No references provided for this coin
(3) Azbaal
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An AR Stater struck c. 449-425 BC in Kition
Obverse: Herakles right, wearing lion's skin, holding bow in extended left hand and club over shoulder in his right hand

Reverse: lion attacking stag, crouching right; all within incuse square; lOZBOl

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 11.1 g
No notes for this coin
Zapiti & Michaelidou 5-6; Tziambazis 17; BMC 16-8
(4) Ba'Alshillem II
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An AR 1/16 Shekel struck c. 371-370 BC in Sidon
Obverse: galley left, waves below; Beth

Reverse: king of Persia standing right slaying erect lion with dagger; O ('ayin)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Elayi 2004 851 ff.; HGC 10 240; Betlyon 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); BMC Phoenicia p 146, 36 (same); SNG Cop 197 ff. (same)
(5) Carthage
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An AE unit struck 400-350 BC in Carthage
Obverse: Wreathed head of Tanit left.

Reverse: Horse standing right; in background, date palm with fruit; small pellet in upper left field

Diameter: 16 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.7 g
Ex-Pecunem 39-455
Jenkins & Lewis, 2; SNG Copenhagen 114; MAA 18a
(6) Carthage
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An AE unit struck 310-280 BC in Sicily
Obverse: Head of Tanit decorated by grain ears left

Reverse: Horse right, palm behind

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.37 g
No notes for this coin
Alexandropoulos 18, SNG Cop 109 ff., Müller Afrique 163, SGCV II 6444
(7) Carthage
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An AE unit struck 300-264 BC in Carthage | Sardinia
Obverse: head of Tanit left

Reverse: head of horse right

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.33 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Cop 149, Alexandropoulos 57, Müller Afrique 268
(8) Carthage
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An AE unit struck c. 400-350 BC in Carthage
Obverse: Head of Tanit left wearing wreath

Reverse: Horse galloping right

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
MAA 15; SNG Copenhagen (Africa) 96
(9) Carthage
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An AE Trishekel? struck c. 201-175 BC in Carthage
Obverse: head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grains

Reverse: horse standing right, lifting front leg

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Rare bronze emegency issue replacing silver coinage after the second punic war.
Cf. SNG Copenhagen 409-413
(10) Eryx
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An AE unit struck 400-340 BC in Eryx
Obverse: head of Tanit left

Reverse: horse right; Mem

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.4 g
No notes for this coin
CNS I S.287.22; HGC 30
(11) Hannibal
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An AR Quarter-Shekel struck 212-209 BC in Taras
Obverse: Head of Tanit left

Reverse: Horse standing right

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.01 g
After his successful campaigns against Rome Hannibal captured Tarentum in 212 BC but failed to control the harbor. The Romans mounted two sieges of Capua, which fell in 211 BC, and the Romans completed their conquest of Syracuse and destruction of a Carthaginian army in Sicily. The Romans pacified Sicily and entered into an alliance with the Aetolian League with Phillip V. Philip. Hannibal now found himself under attack from several sides at once and was quickly subdued by Rome and her Greek allies and eventually lost Tarentum. After a series of defeats Hannibal was recalled to Carthage in 203 BC to direct the defense of his native country against a Roman invasion under Scipio Africanus.
No references provided for this coin
(12) Motya
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An AR Litra struck c. 400-397 BC in Motya
Obverse: head of Nymph facing, slightly right, wearing necklace

Reverse: crab, fish above; 'alep waw tet mem

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.7 g
No notes for this coin
Jenkins, Punic, pl. 23, 6; Campana 24a; HGC 2, 937
(13) Solus
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An AE Tetras struck c. 400-300 BC in Solus
Obverse: head of Athena half left wearing Corinthian helmet

Reverse: warrior right, kneeling drawing arrow bow kjRA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.3 g
No notes for this coin
cf. Calciati I pg. 310, 5 (same); SNG ANS 743.