Coins from Sicily
The Greek coins of Sicily are considered among the finest numismatic works of art ever produced. Superb examples may cost tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars.

In the early 5th Century, bronze coinage was invented in Sicily as practical alternative to diminutive silver denominations.

This category covers the cities of Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Messana, Syracuse and more - as well as Punic Sicily!


(1) Akragas ~ 211-210 BCE
Obverse: Head of Triptolemos to the right
Reverse: Horse gallopping right, ḤT underneath
Ref: None provided
(2) Akragas 425-406 BC
Obverse: eagle right, tearing at hare AKP_A
Reverse: Crab, crayfish left below •••
Ref: SNG COP. 75 var. SNG München 132
(3) Akragas 480-470 BC
Obverse: sea eagle; AK / AЯ
Reverse: crab
Ref: Jenkins, Gela, Group IV; SNG ANS 95...
(4) Carthage 310-280 BC
AE unit Sicily
Obverse: Head of Tanit decorated by grain ears left
Reverse: Horse right, palm behind
Ref: Alexandropoulos 18, SNG Cop 109 ff....
(5) Dionysios I After 410 BC
Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with olive wreath; dolphin before and behind
Reverse: Hippocamp left; reins trailing.
Ref: Calciati 44
(6) Dionysios I After 410 BC
Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with olive wreath
Reverse: Hippocamp left
Ref: Calciati 44
(7) Eryx 400-340 BC
AE unit Eryx
Obverse: head of Tanit left
Reverse: horse right; Mem
Ref: CNS I S.287.22; HGC 30
(8) Gelon I 485-450 BC
Obverse: Head of Artemis-Arethustra right, hair turned up behind under diadem of beads, ΣV[RA] before
Reverse: Octopus/Cuttle-fish
Ref: cf. Sear 929
(9) Hieron II 275-215 B.C
AE unit Syracuse
Obverse: Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia
Reverse: Trident flanked by two dolphins swimming downward
Ref: SNG ANS 982
(10) Hieron II 230-218/5 BC
Obverse: Diademed head left
Reverse: Warrior on horse prancing right, holding couched lance; ΣΛ below
Ref: CNS 195; cf. SNG ANS 956
(11) Himera 420-409 BC
Obverse: head of nymph left; •••••• / IM_E
Reverse: wreath, 6 • inside
Ref: SNG Cop 320; Calciati I p. 43, 35; ...
(12) Himera Before 484 BC
Obverse: Cock striding left
Reverse: Incuse square with mill-sail pattern
Ref: Kraay-307 (illustrated by a broken ...
(13) Iaitos c. 241-30 BC
Obverse: helmeted head of warrior righ
Reverse: warrior standing half-left, with grounded spear and shield; IAITI_NΩN
Ref: CNS I pg. 383, 4; SNG ANS -
(14) Kamarina 420-405 BC
Obverse: Gorgoneion with smooth neat hair tied with ribbon protruding tongue
Reverse: owl standing left, head facing, lizard in right talon; KAMA / B / •
Ref: Calciati vol III, p. 53, 15; SGCV I...
(15) Kephaloidion c. 344-280 BC
Obverse: head of Herakles righ wearing lion's skin
Reverse: pegasos flying right; KEΦA
Ref: CNS 5/4; SNG ANS -.
(16) Morgantina 339-317 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right; MOPΓANTINΩN
Reverse: warrior on horseman left, brandishing spear, holding reins
Ref: SNG ANS 465 (same dies); SNG Copenh...
(17) Motya c. 400-397 BC
Obverse: head of Nymph facing, slightly right, wearing necklace
Reverse: crab, fish above; 'alep waw tet mem
Ref: Jenkins, Punic, pl. 23, 6; Campana ...
(18) Panhormos | Q. Mallius c. 241-30 BC
AE unit Panhormos
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus left
Reverse: warrior standing half-left, extending hand, holding grounded shield and spear; Q / (MAL) / (ΠAP)
Ref: CNS I, 9.
(19) Rome 211-208 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Saturn right; S
Reverse: prow of galley with corvus right; grain ear above; S / K / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 069/03a; Sydenham 310b; Ty...
(20) Rome | Anonymous 211-210 BC
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasos ●●
Reverse: prow of galley right, fighting platform with club; grain ear above ROMA ●●
Ref: Crawford 72/8; Sydenham 195d; RBW 3...
(21) Rome | Anonymous 209-208 BC
AR Denarius Sicily
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding right on horses, holding spear and reins, stars over pilei, staff below; ROMA
Ref: Crawford 78/1; Sydenham 283; RSC 20...
(22) Rome | Anonymous 211-208 BC
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasos; ●●
Reverse: prow of galley with corvus right, grain ear above; I< / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 069/06b; RBW 294
(23) Segesta c. 460-440 BC
Obverse: Hound standing left
Reverse: Head of the nymph Segesta right, swastika behind
Ref: SNG ANS 621 (Without Swastika); McC...
(24) Selinos c. 530-500 BC
Obverse: selinos leaf
Reverse: selinos leaf within incuse circle
Ref: SNG ANS 687; SNG München 879
(25) Sextus Pompey 38-37 BC
AR Denarius Sicily
Obverse: MAG. PIVS. IMP ITER, Pharos of Messana, surmounted by statue of Neptune standing facing right, holding trident in right hand and rudder in left, left foot on prow; in foreground, galley left; aquila on prow; scepter, trident, and grappling-iron in stern
Reverse: PRAEF. CLAS ET. ORAE. MARIT. EX. S.C, The monster Scylla facing left, her torso of dogs and fishes, wielding a rudder as a club with both hands
Ref: RSC I Sextus Pompey 2
(26) Sextus Pompey 37-36 BC
AR Denarius Sicily
Obverse: bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis (jug) to left, lituus to right, MAG·PIVS·IMP·ITER
Reverse: Neptune standing left, foot on prow, holding aplustre and chlamys; the brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions on either side, holding their parents on their shoulders, PRAEF / CLAS·ET·OR(AE) / (MAR)IT·EX·S·C
Ref: Crawford 511/3a, SRCV I 1392, RSC I...
(27) Solus c. 400-300 BC
Obverse: head of Athena half left wearing Corinthian helmet
Reverse: warrior right, kneeling drawing arrow bow kjRA
Ref: cf. Calciati I pg. 310, 5 (same); S...
(28) Syracuse c. 212-133 BC
AE unit Syracuse
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo left
Reverse: tripod with lebes; ΣΥΡAK_OΣIΩN
Ref: Calciati p. 419, 212
(29) Syracuse 485 - 466 BC
Obverse: Charioteer driving quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses
Reverse: ΣYΡAKOΣION / head of Arethusa right, in pearl necklace & pearl diadem under which hair tucked up behind, four dolphins around
Ref: None provided
(30) Syracuse 410-405 BC
Obverse: Head of Arethusa left, wearing necklace
Reverse: Star of (8 or 16) rays in circular incuse within quadripartite incuse square
Ref: SNG ANS 398-402 or SNG ANS 394-7 va...
(31) Syracuse | Agathocles 317-289 BC
Obverse: Head of Kore left wreathed with grain, amthora ?; ΣΥΡAKOΣIΩN
Reverse: Bull butting left, dolphin above and below; (NK)
Ref: cf. Calciati II p. 218, 96 DS 114 R...
(32) Syracuse | Dionysios I 405-367 BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena left; ΣYPA
Reverse: Hippocamp left
Ref: Calciati vol. II, p. 89, 45
(33) Timoleon 344 - 336 BC
Obverse: ZEYΣ EΛEΘEΡIOΣ / Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right
Reverse: ΣYPAKOΣIΩN / Upright thunderbolt
Ref: None provided