Coins from Sicily
The Greek coins of Sicily are considered among the finest numismatic works of art ever produced. Superb examples may cost tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars.

In the early 5th Century, bronze coinage was invented in Sicily as practical alternative to diminutive silver denominations.

This category covers the cities of Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Messana, Syracuse and more - as well as Punic Sicily!
Sicily
(1) Agyrion
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1533_Agyrion.jpg
An AE Tetras struck 339/338-317 BC in Agyrion
Obverse: crude head of Ares or Athena right wearing crested Attic helmet

Reverse: club; AΓYPI / NAIΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Campana 11; CNS III, 20 OS; SNG ANS -; HGC 2, 54
(2) Akragas
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Agrigentum,_Sicily,_Carthaginian_Occupation,_Quarter_Shekel.png
An AR Quarter-Shekel struck ~ 211-210 BCE in Akragas
Obverse: Head of Triptolemos to the right

Reverse: Horse gallopping right, ḤT underneath

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 1.11 g

This coin was struck during the 2nd Punic War.

No references provided for this coin
(3) Akragas
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/634_Akragas_tetrasx.jpg
An AE Tetras struck 425-406 BC in Akragas
Obverse: eagle right, tearing at hare AKP_A

Reverse: Crab, crayfish left below •••

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 9.21 g
No notes for this coin
SNG COP. 75 var. SNG München 132
(4) Akragas
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Akragas(0).jpg
An AR Didrachm struck 480-470 BC in Akragas
Obverse: sea eagle; AK / AЯ

Reverse: crab

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.6 g
ex Dr. Ernst von Ferrari-Kellerhof
Jenkins, Gela, Group IV; SNG ANS 954-5.
(5) Carthage
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Cartago_Sicily.jpg
An AE unit struck 310-280 BC in Sicily
Obverse: Head of Tanit decorated by grain ears left

Reverse: Horse right, palm behind

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.37 g
No notes for this coin
Alexandropoulos 18, SNG Cop 109 ff., Müller Afrique 163, SGCV II 6444
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/zx1JmoI.jpg
An AU Solidus struck 751-775 in Syracuse
Obverse: COIst - LЄO Crowned facing busts of Constantine V and Leo IV, both wearing clamys; above, cross

Reverse: GNO LЄON PAMЧ Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros and holding cross in his right hand

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.8 g
No notes for this coin
DOC 15
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Syracuse1.jpg
An AE Litra struck After 410 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with olive wreath; dolphin before and behind

Reverse: Hippocamp left; reins trailing.

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 8 g
No notes for this coin
Calciati 44
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Syracuse2.jpg
An AE Litra struck After 410 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with olive wreath

Reverse: Hippocamp left

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 6.8 g
No notes for this coin
Calciati 44
(9) Eryx
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1385_Eryx2.jpg
An AE unit struck 400-340 BC in Eryx
Obverse: head of Tanit left

Reverse: horse right; Mem

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.4 g
No notes for this coin
CNS I S.287.22; HGC 30
(10) Gelon I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/SyracuseLItra.jpg
An AR Litra struck 485-450 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: Head of Artemis-Arethustra right, hair turned up behind under diadem of beads, ΣV[RA] before

Reverse: Octopus/Cuttle-fish

Diameter: 6 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.41 g

Style indicates pre-second democracy, i.e. Gelon or Hieron I.

Clipped.

cf. Sear 929
(11) Halykiai
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1534_Halykiai.jpg
An AE Hexas struck c. 390-370 AD in Halykiai
Obverse: boar left; ••

Reverse: Dionysos or Stesichoros right holding thyrsos

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
CNS -; HGC 2, 492/494 (Himeraia?)
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/SyracuseHieronII.jpg
An AE unit struck 275-215 B.C in Syracuse
Obverse: Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia

Reverse: Trident flanked by two dolphins swimming downward

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6 g
No notes for this coin
SNG ANS 982
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/38391229_10155530420185736_6243219600255746048_n.jpg
An AE Hemilitron struck 230-218/5 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: Diademed head left

Reverse: Warrior on horse prancing right, holding couched lance; ΣΛ below

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.61 g
No notes for this coin
CNS 195; cf. SNG ANS 956
(14) Himera
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/414_Himera2.jpg
An AE Hemilitron struck 420-409 BC in Himera
Obverse: head of nymph left; •••••• / IM_E

Reverse: wreath, 6 • inside

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.85 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Cop 320; Calciati I p. 43, 35; SGCV I 1110; SNG ANS 186
(15) Himera
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/himera(0).jpg
An AR Tetartemorion struck Before 484 BC in Himera
Obverse: Cock striding left

Reverse: Incuse square with mill-sail pattern

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.21 g
No notes for this coin
Kraay-307 (illustrated by a broken example in Palermo), cf. SNG ANS-145
(16) Iaitos
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1433_Iatos.jpg
An AE Semis struck c. 241-30 BC in Iaitos
Obverse: helmeted head of warrior righ

Reverse: warrior standing half-left, with grounded spear and shield; IAITI_NΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
No notes for this coin
CNS I pg. 383, 4; SNG ANS -
(17) Kamarina
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Kamarina.jpg
An AE Onkia struck 420-405 BC in Kamarina
Obverse: Gorgoneion with smooth neat hair tied with ribbon protruding tongue

Reverse: owl standing left, head facing, lizard in right talon; KAMA / B / •

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Calciati vol III, p. 53, 15; SGCV I 1064 var; Jenkins 186; CNS III, 13.
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1432_Kephalodion.jpg
An AE unit struck c. 344-280 BC in Kephaloidion
Obverse: head of Herakles righ wearing lion's skin

Reverse: pegasos flying right; KEΦA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.4 g
No notes for this coin
CNS 5/4; SNG ANS -.
(19) Messana
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Messana_Tetradrakme.jpg
An AR Tetradrachm struck 450–446 BC in Messana
Obverse: Mule biga right, above Nike flying right to crown mules, laurel leaf & berry in exergue

Reverse: MESS—ANION (latter half retrograde) / Hare leaping right above sprig of three leaves

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.19 g
No notes for this coin
Caltabiano 356
(20) Morgantina
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1438_Morgantina.jpg
An AR Litra struck 339-317 BC in Morgantina
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right; MOPΓANTINΩN

Reverse: warrior on horseman left, brandishing spear, holding reins

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.8 g
ex Nomos
SNG ANS 465 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 472; HGC 2, 900.
(21) Motya
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1437_Motya.jpg
An AR Litra struck c. 400-397 BC in Motya
Obverse: head of Nymph facing, slightly right, wearing necklace

Reverse: crab, fish above; 'alep waw tet mem

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.7 g
No notes for this coin
Jenkins, Punic, pl. 23, 6; Campana 24a; HGC 2, 937
(22) Q. Mallius
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1434_Panormus.jpg
An AE unit struck c. 241-30 BC in Panhormos
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus left

Reverse: warrior standing half-left, extending hand, holding grounded shield and spear; Q / (MAL) / (ΠAP)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.7 g
(208-180 BC)
CNS I, 9.
(23) Rome
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1462_Sicily_semis.jpg
An AE Semis struck 211-208 BC in Sicily
Obverse: laureate head of Saturn right; S

Reverse: prow of galley with corvus right; grain ear above; S / K / ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Crawford 069/03a; Sydenham 310b; Type as RBW 287
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Sextans_Cr.72-8(0).jpg
An AE Sextans struck 211-210 BC in Sicily
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasos ●●

Reverse: prow of galley right, fighting platform with club; grain ear above ROMA ●●

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.9 g
maybe overstrike ex RBW ex Richard Schäfer
Crawford 72/8; Sydenham 195d; RBW 311
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1321_78_Sicily.jpg
An AR Denarius struck 209-208 BC in Sicily
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; X

Reverse: Dioscuri riding right on horses, holding spear and reins, stars over pilei, staff below; ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
scarce
Crawford 78/1; Sydenham 283; RSC 20bb.
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1329_69_Sicily_sextans.jpg
An AE Sextans struck 211-208 BC in Sicily
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasos; ●●

Reverse: prow of galley with corvus right, grain ear above; I< / ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Crawford 069/06b; RBW 294
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1537_denarius_wheel.jpg
An AR Denarius Serratus struck 209-208 BC in Sicily
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; X

Reverse: Dioscuri riding right on horses holding stears and reins; stars over their pilei; wheel below; ROMA

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.6 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 79/1
(28) Segesta
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Segesta(0).jpg
An AR Didrachm struck c. 460-440 BC in Segesta
Obverse: Hound standing left

Reverse: Head of the nymph Segesta right, swastika behind

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.2 g
ex Roma Numismatics
SNG ANS 621 (Without Swastika); McClean 2543 (Without Swastika)
(29) Selinos
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1439_Selinus.jpg
An AR Litra struck c. 530-500 BC in Selinos
Obverse: selinos leaf

Reverse: selinos leaf within incuse circle

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.6 g
No notes for this coin
SNG ANS 687; SNG München 879
(30) Sextus Pompey
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/0079-B.jpg
An AR Denarius struck 38-37 BC in Sicily
Obverse: MAG. PIVS. IMP ITER, Pharos of Messana, surmounted by statue of Neptune standing facing right, holding trident in right hand and rudder in left, left foot on prow; in foreground, galley left; aquila on prow; scepter, trident, and grappling-iron in stern

Reverse: PRAEF. CLAS ET. ORAE. MARIT. EX. S.C, The monster Scylla facing left, her torso of dogs and fishes, wielding a rudder as a club with both hands

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.74 g
No notes for this coin
RSC I Sextus Pompey 2
(31) Sextus Pompey
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/777_511_Sextus_Pompey.JPG
An AR Denarius struck 37-36 BC in Sicily
Obverse: bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis (jug) to left, lituus to right, MAG·PIVS·IMP·ITER

Reverse: Neptune standing left, foot on prow, holding aplustre and chlamys; the brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions on either side, holding their parents on their shoulders, PRAEF / CLAS·ET·OR(AE) / (MAR)IT·EX·S·C

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
Sicily mint, scarce. Reverse depicts Sicilian story of Amphinomus and Anapias which also indicate probable location of the mint (Catania): "A stream of fire burst forth from Etna. This stream, so the story goes, flowing over the countryside, drew near a certain city of the Sicilians. Most men, thinking of their own safety, took to flight; but one of the youths, seeing that his father, now advanced in years, could not escape and was being overtaken by the fire, lifted him up and carried him. Hindered no doubt by the additional weight of his burden, he too was overtaken. And now let us observe the mercy shown by the Gods towards good men. For we are told that the fire spread round that spot in a ring and only those two men were saved, so that the place is still called the Place of the Pious, while those who had fled in haste, leaving their parents to their fate, were all consumed." Neptune symbolizes Sextus' command of the seas and obverse is a reference to his piety in upholding the Republican ideals of his late father.
Crawford 511/3a, SRCV I 1392, RSC I Pompey the Great 17, Sydenham 1344, BM Sicily 93
(32) Solus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1386_Solus2.jpg
An AE Tetras struck c. 400-300 BC in Solus
Obverse: head of Athena half left wearing Corinthian helmet

Reverse: warrior right, kneeling drawing arrow bow kjRA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.3 g
No notes for this coin
cf. Calciati I pg. 310, 5 (same); SNG ANS 743.
(33) Syracuse
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/815_Syracuse.jpg
An AE unit struck c. 212-133 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo left

Reverse: tripod with lebes; ΣΥΡAK_OΣIΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Calciati p. 419, 212
(34) Syracuse
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/33110451_10155363066330736_9132596386930360320_n.jpg
An AR Tetradrachm struck 485 - 466 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: Charioteer driving quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses

Reverse: ΣYΡAKOΣION / head of Arethusa right, in pearl necklace & pearl diadem under which hair tucked up behind, four dolphins around

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Struck under the Deinomenid Tyranny, Gelon I / Hiero I, 485-466 BC
No references provided for this coin
(35) Syracuse
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/29512926_10155232758095736_6043750937863370404_n.jpg
An AE Hemilitron struck 410-405 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: Head of Arethusa left, wearing necklace

Reverse: Star of (8 or 16) rays in circular incuse within quadripartite incuse square

Diameter: 16 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6.15 g
Second Democracy. 466-405 BC, Struck circa 410-405 BC.
SNG ANS 398-402 or SNG ANS 394-7 var. (no E).
(36) Syracuse
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1536_Pyrhos_Syracuse.jpg
An AE unit struck 278-276 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: head of Herakles left wearing lion's skin; ΣΥΡAKOΣIΩN

Reverse: Athena Promachos standing right, hurling javelin, holding shield; thunderbolt left

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Pyrrhos
Calciati II p. 324, 177 Ds 14 Rs 60; BMC Sicily p. 206, 495; SNG Cop 811; SNG ANS 844; HGC 2 1450 (S)
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Agathocles(0).jpg
An AE Hemilitron struck 317-289 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: Head of Kore left wreathed with grain, amthora ?; ΣΥΡAKOΣIΩN

Reverse: Bull butting left, dolphin above and below; (NK)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.13 g
No notes for this coin
cf. Calciati II p. 218, 96 DS 114 R1 4
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Syracuse(0).jpg
An AE Litra struck 405-367 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena left; ΣYPA

Reverse: Hippocamp left

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.28 g
rule of Dionysios I
Calciati vol. II, p. 89, 45
(39) Timoleon
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Sicilia.jpg
An AE Hemilitron struck 344 - 336 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: ZEYΣ EΛEΘEΡIOΣ / Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right

Reverse: ΣYPAKOΣIΩN / Upright thunderbolt

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.8 g
Threatened by Carthage and dominated by Hiketas, the tyrant of Leontini, Syracusans sent an appeal for help to their mother city, Corinth. By a unanimous vote Corinth selected Timoleon to set sail for Sicily with a few leading citizens of Corinth and a small troop of Greek mercenaries. After defeating Hiketas, Timoleon put order to Syracuse' affairs and established a democratic government. He repelled Carthage in several wars, ending with a treaty which divided the island. Timoleon then retired without any title or office, though he remained practically supreme. He became blind before his death, but when important issues were under discussion he was carried to the assembly to give his opinion, which was usually accepted. When he died the citizens of Syracuse erected a monument to his memory, afterward surrounded with porticoes, and a gymnasium called Timoleonteum.
No references provided for this coin