Coins from 44-36 BC
This category covers the coins minted from the Ides of March in 44 BC and until the defeat of Sextus Pompey and the fall of Lepidus in 35 BC.

While the official coins of the late Republic were still minted under the control of the moneyers, it became more and more common practice for imperators to coin their own money to pay their troops and for propaganda purposes.

44-36 BC

(1) C. Vibius Varus 42 BC
Obverse: Laureate and bearded head of Hercules right.
Reverse: Minerva, helmeted and draped, standing right, holding spear in right hand and Victory in extended left; shield at side, C • VIBIVS downward to right, VARVS downward to left.
Ref: Crawford 494/37
Obverse: radiate draped bust of Sol facing slightly right
Reverse: two statues of Venus Cloacina standing on platform, L·MVSSIDIVS·LONGVS / CLOACIN
Ref: Crawford 494/43, RSC I Mussidia 7, ...
(3) M. Aemilius Lepidus 44-42 BC
AR Obol Cabellio
Obverse: Head of Apollo right; CABE upwards in right field.
Reverse: LE-PI flanking cornucopia; all within laurel wreath
Ref: RPC I 528
(4) M. Barbatius Pollio | Marcus Antonius | Octavian 41 BC
Obverse: head of Mark Antony right, M·ANT·I(MP)·(AV)G·III·VIR·R·P·C·M·BARBAT·Q·P
Reverse: head of Octavian Caesar right, CAESAR·IMP·PONT·III·VIR·R·P·C·
Ref: Crawford 517/2, RSC I Mark Antony a...
(5) Marcus Antonius 38-37 BC
AE As Achaea
Obverse: M•ANT•IMP•TERT•COS•DESIG•ITER•ET•III•VIR•RPC - Jugate busts of Mark Antony and Octavia right.
Reverse: M OPPIVS CAPITO PRO PR PRAEF CLASS F C - Galley right, below A.
Ref: RPC I 1470
(6) Marcus Antonius 38-37 BC
AE Semis Syria
Obverse: M•ANT•TER•COS•DES• ITER•ET•TER•III•VIR•R•P•C, bare head right.
Reverse: L•BIBVLVS•M•F•PR•DESIG, quinquereme right, with three oars and stern ending in boar's head left.
Ref: RPC I 4092
(7) Marcus Antonius 41-40 BC
Obverse: Bust of Fulvia (as Victory) right.
Reverse: Minerva standing left, holding shield and spear; [ΦOYΛOYIANON] in right field, [Z]MEPTOPIΓOΣ / [Φ]IΛΩNIΔOΥ] in two lines in left field.
Ref: RPC I 3139
(8) Marcus Antonius 42 BC
Obverse: Winged bust of Victory right, with the likeness of Fulvia; III·VIR downwards in left field; R·P·C upwards in right field.
Reverse: Lion walking right; ANTONI above; A - XLI ( = 41, Antony’s age at time of issue) across field; IMP in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 489/6
(9) Marcus Antonius 38-37 BC
AE Sestertius Achaea
Obverse: M ANT • IMP TER COS DES ITER ET TER III VIR R• P • C •, bare head of Antony right vis-à-vis head of Octavia left.
Reverse: M • OPPIVS • CAPITIO • P[R) • PR • PRAEF • CLASS • F • C • - Mark Antony and Octavia in quadriga of hippocamps; in l. field, HS and below, Δ and astragalos.
Ref: RPC I 1464.3
(10) Marcus Antonius 38-37 BC
AE Tressis Achaea
Obverse: M•ANT•IMP•TERT•COS•DESIG•ITER•ET•TER• III•VIR•R•P•C - Conjoined bare heads of Mark Antony and Octavian right, facing draped bust of Octavia left.
Reverse: M•OPPIVS•CAPITO•PRO•PR•PRAEF•CLASS•F•C - Three galleys under sail to right. Γ (Gamma) and Triskeles below.
Ref: RPC I 1463
(11) Marcus Antonius | Octavian 37 BC
Obverse: head of Agonothesia right; AΓΩNOΘEΣIA
Reverse: legend within wreath; ANT / KAI
Ref: RPC I 1552; SNG Copenhagen 375
(12) Octavian summer 37 BC
Obverse: head right, IMP·CAESAR DIVI·F·III·VIR·ITER·R·P·C
Reverse: sacrificial implements: simpulum (ladle), aspergillum (sprinker), ewer (jug), lituus (augural wand), COS·ITER·ET·TER·DESIG
Ref: Crawford 538/1, SRCV I 1544, RSC I ...
(13) Octavian ca. 38 BC
AE unit Italia
Obverse: CAESAR DIVI F, Bare head of Octavian facing right
Reverse: DIVOS IVLIVS, Head of Julius Caesar facing right, wearing laurel wreath
Ref: RPC I 620
(14) Octavian 37 BC
AR Denarius Southern or Central Italy
Obverse: IMP CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER R P C, Bare head of Octavian with light mourning beard, facing right
Reverse: COS ITER ET TER DESIG, Pontifical emblems: simpulum, aspergillum, jug, and lituus
Ref: RSC 91; Cr 538/1; Syd 1334
(15) Octavian 43 BC
Obverse: C·CAESAR·IMP, Bare head of Octavian facing right
Reverse: Equestrian statue with Octavian, facing left; S·C in exergue
Ref: RSC Augustus 246; BMC Gaul 81; Syd....
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind
Reverse: Diana Lucifera standing half right holding torch in each hand, P·CLODIVS / M·F
Ref: Crawford 494/21, SRCV I 492, RSC I ...
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind
Reverse: Diana standing facing, with bow and quiver over shoulder, holding lighted torch in each hand
Ref: Syd 1117, Cr494/23
Obverse: eagle on thunderbolt half right; PETILLIVS / CAPITOLINVS
Reverse: hexastyle temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus (Roman Capitol), richly decorated roof; F__S
Ref: Crawford 487/2b; SRCV I 486, RSC I ...
(19) Sextus Pompey 38-37 BC
AR Denarius Sicily
Obverse: MAG. PIVS. IMP ITER, Pharos of Messana, surmounted by statue of Neptune standing facing right, holding trident in right hand and rudder in left, left foot on prow; in foreground, galley left; aquila on prow; scepter, trident, and grappling-iron in stern
Reverse: PRAEF. CLAS ET. ORAE. MARIT. EX. S.C, The monster Scylla facing left, her torso of dogs and fishes, wielding a rudder as a club with both hands
Ref: RSC I Sextus Pompey 2
(20) Sextus Pompey 37-36 BC
AR Denarius Sicily
Obverse: bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis (jug) to left, lituus to right, MAG·PIVS·IMP·ITER
Reverse: Neptune standing left, foot on prow, holding aplustre and chlamys; the brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions on either side, holding their parents on their shoulders, PRAEF / CLAS·ET·OR(AE) / (MAR)IT·EX·S·C
Ref: Crawford 511/3a, SRCV I 1392, RSC I...