Tarsos — A settlement in Cilicia
Tarsos is a historic city in south-central Turkey, 20 km inland from the Mediterranean.

The name derives from "Tarsa", the original name of the city in the Hittite language. During the Hellenistic era it was known as Antiochia on the Cydnus, and to the Romans it was known as Juliopolis to the Romans.

In 67 BC, Pompey, after crushing the Cilician pirates, subjected Tarsus to Rome, and it became capital of the Roman province of Cilicia.

In the Roman period, the city was also an important intellectual centre, boasting its own academy. One of its leading disciples, the philosopher Athenodorus Cananites, was the tutor of the first Roman emperor, Augustus, a fact which secured continuous imperial patronage for the city.

Modern location: Tarsus, Turkey
(1) Alexander III | Balakros
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 327-323 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, plow left; AΛEΞANΔPOY, · / Θ

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 16.9 g

struck under Balakros

Price 3019; vgl. SNG Oxford 2891; SNG München 10/11, 697
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An AE unit struck 114-112 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Dionysos standing left, leaning on thyrsos and holding kantharos; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY / ΦIΛO_ΠATOPOΣ E / (NK)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.84 g
No notes for this coin
Cf. SNG Spaer 2725; Houghton 498
(3) Cilician Satrapy
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An AR Obol struck c. 379-372 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: Female head facing left, wearing wreath of reeds, earring and necklace

Reverse: Female head (Aphrodite?) facing forwards, wearing stephane (headdress) and necklace

Diameter: 11 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.77 g
Obverse head is in the style of the dekadrachms of Syracuse of circa 405-370 BC. Unfortunate damage to the facing head on the reverse of the coin.
Imhoof-Blumer 1
(4) Decius
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An AE Hexassarion struck 249-251 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AY ΚE Γ ΜEC ΔΚOY ΔEΚΙ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС CE / Π__Π

Reverse: Dionysos standing left, holding grapes and thyrsus, panther left head turned back; TAPCOV M_H_TPOΠOΛEΩ_C // A / M / K __ Γ / B

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 13.8 g

249 - Jun 251 AD

Cop 402; RPC online Volume IX, № 1364
(5) Decius
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An AE 39 struck 249-251 in Tarsos
Obverse: Radiate draped & cuirassed bust right π-π "AV KAI G MEC KVIN DEKIOC TRAIANOC"

Reverse: Perseus standing left holding head of Medusa, facing fisherman Dictys standing right with fishing pole from which hang a fish and a basket. "TAPCOV MHTPOπO AEΩC"

Diameter: 35 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 20.2 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(6) Decius
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An AE unit struck 249-251 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AY ΚE Γ ΜE KVIN ΔEΚI ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС / Π__Π

Reverse: demiourgos crown over altar left; crown of the Cilicarch decorated with six imperial busts and three Nikai right; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC / A_Γ_M_K_B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
ex Heritage Europe (formerly MPO Auctions)
SNG France 1769; Volume IX, № 1381
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An AE unit struck 238-244 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AYT K ANT ΓOP_ΔIANOC CEB / Π_Π

Reverse: Nike standing on globe left, holding wreath and palm; TAPCOV M_H_TPOΠOΛEWC / A/M/K _ Γ/B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 26 g
No notes for this coin
SNG France 1693; SNG Levante 1124
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An AE unit struck 238-244 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind, holding spear and shield; AYT K ANT ΓOP_ΔIANOC CEB / Π_Π

Reverse: turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC A / A/M/K _ B/Γ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 24.4 g
No notes for this coin
SNG France 1706; SNG Levante 1145
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An AR Obol struck 361/0-334 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: Baal seated left, holding grapes, grain ear, and sceptre

Reverse: lion attacking stag left

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.7 g
No notes for this coin
Casabonne Series 1; SNG France 329; SNG Levante 112; Sunrise 64
(10) Mazaios
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An AR Stater struck 361/0 - 334 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: Baal seated left, holding sceptre; B'LTRZ // T in Aramaic

Reverse: lion bringing down bull left, attacking with teeth and claws; MZDI in Aramaic

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
cf. Casabonne series 2, group A; cf. SNG France 346; cf. SNG Levante 100–1
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An AE unit struck 193-211 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: laureate and cuirassed bust right, draped shoulder; AVT KAI Λ CEΠ CEVHPOC ΠEP / Π_Π

Reverse: Nike in quadriga left, holding wreath and palm; AΔPI CEVHPIANH / Γ B / TAPCOV MHT / POΠOΛEΩC

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 19.3 g
No notes for this coin
Ziegler, Münzen 689; SNG Levante 1029
(12) Tarsos
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An AR Obol struck 379-362 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: Head of Nymph? facing slightly left wearing earrings and necklace

Reverse: Bearded head of Ares? left wearing crested Attic style helmet

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.75 g
Satraps Datames or Pharnabazos
SNG France 303ff var.; SNG Levante 93
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An AE unit struck V 241 - 244 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: Draped bust on crescent right wearing stephane; CABINEIAN TPANKVΛΛEINOAN C_E_B / Π_Π

Reverse: City goddess (Tyche?) seated on rocks left, holding grain ears, below river god Cydnus swimming left; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC / A/M/K _ Γ/B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 15.9 g
No notes for this coin
RPC VII.2, — (unassigned; ID 3357); obverse: SNG France 1725, Gorny and Mosch 156-1821, CNG 93-936