Tarsos - A settlement in Cilicia
Tarsos is a historic city in south-central Turkey, 20 km inland from the Mediterranean.

The name derives from "Tarsa", the original name of the city in the Hittite language. During the Hellenistic era it was known as Antiochia on the Cydnus, and to the Romans it was known as Juliopolis to the Romans.

In 67 BC, Pompey, after crushing the Cilician pirates, subjected Tarsus to Rome, and it became capital of the Roman province of Cilicia.

In the Roman period, the city was also an important intellectual centre, boasting its own academy. One of its leading disciples, the philosopher Athenodorus Cananites, was the tutor of the first Roman emperor, Augustus, a fact which secured continuous imperial patronage for the city.

Modern location: Tarsus, Turkey

(1) Alexander III | Balakros 327-323 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, plow left; AΛEΞANΔPOY, · / Θ
Ref: Price 3019; vgl. SNG Oxford 2891; S...
(2) Antiochus IX 114-112 BC
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: Diademed head right
Reverse: Dionysos standing left, leaning on thyrsos and holding kantharos; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY / ΦIΛO_ΠATOPOΣ E / (NK)
Ref: Cf. SNG Spaer 2725; Houghton 498
(3) Cilician Satrapy c. 379-372 BC
Obverse: Female head (Aphrodite?) facing left, wearing wreath of reeds, earring and necklace of pearls/beads
Reverse: Female head facing forwards, wearing stephane (headdress) and pearl/beaded necklace
Ref: Imhoof-Blumer 1
(4) Decius 249-251 AD
Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AY ΚE Γ ΜEC ΔΚOY ΔEΚΙ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС CE / Π__Π
Reverse: Dionysos standing left, holding grapes and thyrsus, panther left head turned back; TAPCOV M_H_TPOΠOΛEΩ_C // A / M / K __ Γ / B
Ref: Cop 402; RPC online Volume IX, № 13...
(5) Decius 249-251
AE 39 Tarsos
Obverse: Radiate draped & cuirassed bust right π-π "AV KAI G MEC KVIN DEKIOC TRAIANOC"
Reverse: Perseus standing left holding head of Medusa, facing fisherman Dictys standing right with fishing pole from which hang a fish and a basket. "TAPCOV MHTPOπO AEΩC"
Ref: None provided
(6) Decius 249-251 AD
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AY ΚE Γ ΜE KVIN ΔEΚI ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС / Π__Π
Reverse: demiourgos crown over altar left; crown of the Cilicarch decorated with six imperial busts and three Nikai right; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC / A_Γ_M_K_B
Ref: SNG France 1769; Volume IX, № 1381
(7) Gordian III 238-244 AD
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AYT K ANT ΓOP_ΔIANOC CEB / Π_Π
Reverse: Nike standing on globe left, holding wreath and palm; TAPCOV M_H_TPOΠOΛEWC / A/M/K _ Γ/B
Ref: SNG France 1693; SNG Levante 1124
(8) Gordian III 238-244 AD
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind, holding spear and shield; AYT K ANT ΓOP_ΔIANOC CEB / Π_Π
Reverse: turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC A / A/M/K _ B/Γ
Ref: SNG France 1706; SNG Levante 1145
(9) Mazaios 361/0-334 BC
Obverse: Baal seated left, holding grapes, grain ear, and sceptre
Reverse: lion attacking stag left
Ref: Casabonne Series 1; SNG France 329;...
(10) Mazaios 361/0 - 334 BC
Obverse: Baal seated left, holding sceptre; B'LTRZ // T in Aramaic
Reverse: lion bringing down bull left, attacking with teeth and claws; MZDI in Aramaic
Ref: cf. Casabonne series 2, group A; cf...
(11) Septimius Severus 193-211 AD
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: laureate and cuirassed bust right, draped shoulder; AVT KAI Λ CEΠ CEVHPOC ΠEP / Π_Π
Reverse: Nike in quadriga left, holding wreath and palm; AΔPI CEVHPIANH / Γ B / TAPCOV MHT / POΠOΛEΩC
Ref: Ziegler, Münzen 689; SNG Levante 10...
(12) Tarsos 379-362 BC
Obverse: Head of Nymph? facing slightly left wearing earrings and necklace
Reverse: Bearded head of Ares? left wearing crested Attic style helmet
Ref: SNG France 303ff var.; SNG Levante ...
(13) Tranquillina V 241 - 244 AD
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: Draped bust on crescent right wearing stephane; CABINEIAN TPANKVΛΛEINOAN C_E_B / Π_Π
Reverse: City goddess (Tyche?) seated on rocks left, holding grain ears, below river god Cydnus swimming left; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC / A/M/K _ Γ/B
Ref: unique?, obverse: SNG France 1725, ...